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Title: Interplay of local moment and itinerant magnetism in cobalt-based Heusler ferromagnets: Co 2 TiSi ,   Co 2 MnSi and Co 2 FeSi

Abstract

Heusler ferromagnets based on Co are important materials for spintronics. This is due to the exceptional combinations of high Curie temperature and strong spin polarization, including half-metallicity, found in some of these. In this study, we investigate the full Heusler compounds, Co 2 TiSi , Co 2 MnSi , and Co 2 FeSi using first principles calculations. Co 2 TiSi and Co 2 MnSi are half metals, while Co 2 FeSi is not. The trends in the Curie temperatures are reproduced by the calculated spin wave dispersions. Remarkably, Co 2 TiSi is a very itinerant magnet but Co 2 FeSi and Co 2 MnSi show local moment behavior regarding the Fe and Mn, while retaining the itinerancy of the Co magnetism. These materials can therefore be described as itinerant systems with embedded local moment atoms. This provides an explanation for their exceptional behavior. We show that our results do not support the half-metallic character proposed for Co 2 FeSi , but they are consistent with a higher Curie temperature relative to the Mn compound. The density of states and transport spin polarizations Co 2 FeSi have opposite signs. Importantly, although there is a large minority spin density of states at the Fermi level, leading to a low density of states spin polarization, we find a very strong transport spin polarization in Co 2 FeSi . This, combined with the large moment, cubic structure, and high Curie temperature supports the further investigation of Co 2 FeSi for spintronic applications that make use of the transport spin polarization.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Shanghai Univ. (China); Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)
  2. Shanghai Univ. (China)
  3. Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1592687
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0019114
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 101; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Heusler compounds; transport; spin polarization

Citation Formats

Qin, Guanhua, Ren, Wei, and Singh, David J. Interplay of local moment and itinerant magnetism in cobalt-based Heusler ferromagnets: Co2TiSi, Co2MnSi and Co2FeSi. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.101.014427.
Qin, Guanhua, Ren, Wei, & Singh, David J. Interplay of local moment and itinerant magnetism in cobalt-based Heusler ferromagnets: Co2TiSi, Co2MnSi and Co2FeSi. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.101.014427.
Qin, Guanhua, Ren, Wei, and Singh, David J. Tue . "Interplay of local moment and itinerant magnetism in cobalt-based Heusler ferromagnets: Co2TiSi, Co2MnSi and Co2FeSi". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.101.014427.
@article{osti_1592687,
title = {Interplay of local moment and itinerant magnetism in cobalt-based Heusler ferromagnets: Co2TiSi, Co2MnSi and Co2FeSi},
author = {Qin, Guanhua and Ren, Wei and Singh, David J.},
abstractNote = {Heusler ferromagnets based on Co are important materials for spintronics. This is due to the exceptional combinations of high Curie temperature and strong spin polarization, including half-metallicity, found in some of these. In this study, we investigate the full Heusler compounds, Co2TiSi, Co2MnSi, and Co2FeSi using first principles calculations. Co2TiSi and Co2MnSi are half metals, while Co2FeSi is not. The trends in the Curie temperatures are reproduced by the calculated spin wave dispersions. Remarkably, Co2TiSi is a very itinerant magnet but Co2FeSi and Co2MnSi show local moment behavior regarding the Fe and Mn, while retaining the itinerancy of the Co magnetism. These materials can therefore be described as itinerant systems with embedded local moment atoms. This provides an explanation for their exceptional behavior. We show that our results do not support the half-metallic character proposed for Co2FeSi, but they are consistent with a higher Curie temperature relative to the Mn compound. The density of states and transport spin polarizations Co2FeSi have opposite signs. Importantly, although there is a large minority spin density of states at the Fermi level, leading to a low density of states spin polarization, we find a very strong transport spin polarization in Co2FeSi. This, combined with the large moment, cubic structure, and high Curie temperature supports the further investigation of Co2FeSi for spintronic applications that make use of the transport spin polarization.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.101.014427},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 1,
volume = 101,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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