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Title: A database for global soil health assessment

Abstract

Field studies have been performed for decades to analyze effects of different management practices on agricultural soils and crop yields, but these data have never been integrated together in a way that can inform current and future cropland management. Here, we collected, extracted, and integrated a database of soil health measurements conducted in the field from sites found across the globe. The database, named SoilHealthDB, currently focuses on four main conservation management methods: cover crops, no-tillage, agro-forestry systems, and organic farming. The database includes 5,241 data entries from 281 published studies. These studies represent 324 geographic sites (i.e., locations with unique latitudes and longitudes) in 45 countries around the world. The SoilHealthDB includes 42 soil health indicators and 45 background indicators that describe factors such as climate, elevation, and soil type. A primary goal of this effort is to enable the research community to perform comprehensive analyses, e.g., meta-analyses, of soil health changes related to cropland conservation management. The database also provides a common framework for sharing soil health, and the scientific research community is encouraged to contribute their own measurements.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States); Pacific Northwest National Laboratory-Univ. of Maryland Joint Global Change Research Inst., College Park, MD (United States)
  2. Yangling Vocational & Technical College, Shaanxi (China)
  3. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1592419
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-144341
Journal ID: ISSN 2052-4463
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Data
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2052-4463
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Soil health; database; soil carbon; cover crop

Citation Formats

Jian, Jinshi, Du, Xuan, and Stewart, Ryan D. A database for global soil health assessment. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1038/s41597-020-0356-3.
Jian, Jinshi, Du, Xuan, & Stewart, Ryan D. A database for global soil health assessment. United States. doi:10.1038/s41597-020-0356-3.
Jian, Jinshi, Du, Xuan, and Stewart, Ryan D. Mon . "A database for global soil health assessment". United States. doi:10.1038/s41597-020-0356-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1592419.
@article{osti_1592419,
title = {A database for global soil health assessment},
author = {Jian, Jinshi and Du, Xuan and Stewart, Ryan D.},
abstractNote = {Field studies have been performed for decades to analyze effects of different management practices on agricultural soils and crop yields, but these data have never been integrated together in a way that can inform current and future cropland management. Here, we collected, extracted, and integrated a database of soil health measurements conducted in the field from sites found across the globe. The database, named SoilHealthDB, currently focuses on four main conservation management methods: cover crops, no-tillage, agro-forestry systems, and organic farming. The database includes 5,241 data entries from 281 published studies. These studies represent 324 geographic sites (i.e., locations with unique latitudes and longitudes) in 45 countries around the world. The SoilHealthDB includes 42 soil health indicators and 45 background indicators that describe factors such as climate, elevation, and soil type. A primary goal of this effort is to enable the research community to perform comprehensive analyses, e.g., meta-analyses, of soil health changes related to cropland conservation management. The database also provides a common framework for sharing soil health, and the scientific research community is encouraged to contribute their own measurements.},
doi = {10.1038/s41597-020-0356-3},
journal = {Scientific Data},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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