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Title: Quantum spin liquids


Spin liquids are quantum phases of matter with a variety of unusual features arising from their topological character, including “fractionalization”—elementary excitations that behave as fractions of an electron. Although there is not yet universally accepted experimental evidence that establishes that any single material has a spin liquid ground state, in the past few years a number of materials have been shown to exhibit distinctive properties that are expected of a quantum spin liquid. Here, we review theoretical and experimental progress in this area.

ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Institute for Quantum Matter and Department of Physics and Astronomy, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.
  2. Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.
  3. Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
  4. Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA.
  5. Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA.
  6. Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Institute for Quantum Matter (IQM); Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1601429
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; SC0019331; DMR-1608055; DMR-1608505
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Science Journal Volume: 367 Journal Issue: 6475; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Broholm, C., Cava, R. J., Kivelson, S. A., Nocera, D. G., Norman, M. R., and Senthil, T. Quantum spin liquids. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aay0668.
Broholm, C., Cava, R. J., Kivelson, S. A., Nocera, D. G., Norman, M. R., & Senthil, T. Quantum spin liquids. United States.
Broholm, C., Cava, R. J., Kivelson, S. A., Nocera, D. G., Norman, M. R., and Senthil, T. Thu . "Quantum spin liquids". United States.
title = {Quantum spin liquids},
author = {Broholm, C. and Cava, R. J. and Kivelson, S. A. and Nocera, D. G. and Norman, M. R. and Senthil, T.},
abstractNote = {Spin liquids are quantum phases of matter with a variety of unusual features arising from their topological character, including “fractionalization”—elementary excitations that behave as fractions of an electron. Although there is not yet universally accepted experimental evidence that establishes that any single material has a spin liquid ground state, in the past few years a number of materials have been shown to exhibit distinctive properties that are expected of a quantum spin liquid. Here, we review theoretical and experimental progress in this area.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aay0668},
journal = {Science},
number = 6475,
volume = 367,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}

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