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Title: Instability of the layered orthorhombic post-perovskite phase of SrTiO3 and other candidate orthorhombic phases under pressure

Abstract

Although the tetragonal antiferro-electrically distorted (AFD) phase with space group I4/mcm is well known for SrTiO3 to occur below 105 K, there are also some hints in the literature of an orthorhombic phase, either at the lower temperature or at high pressure. A previously proposed orthorhombic layered structure of SrTiO3, known as the post-perovskite or CaIrO3 structure with space group Cmcm is shown to have significantly higher energy than the cubic or tetragonal phase and to have its minimum volume at larger volume than cubic perovskite. The Cmcm structure is thus ruled out. We also study an alternative Pnma phase obtained by two octahedral rotations about different axes. This phase is discovered to have slightly lower energy than the I4/mcm phase in spite of the fact that its parent, in-phase tilted P4/mbm phase is not found to occur. Our calculated enthalpies of formation show that the I4/mcm phase occurs at slightly higher volume than the cubic phase and has a negative transition pressure relative to the cubic phase, which suggests that it does not correspond to the high-pressure tetragonal phase. The enthalpy of the Pnma phase is almost indistinguishable from the I4/mcm phase. Alternative ferro-electric tetragonal and orthorhombic structures previouslymore » suggested in literature are discussed.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States)
  2. Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1591870
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0008933
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Solid State Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 274; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0038-1098
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; A. Perovskite oxide; D. High pressure transformation; E. First-principles calculation

Citation Formats

Bhandari, Churna, and Lambrecht, Walter R. L. Instability of the layered orthorhombic post-perovskite phase of SrTiO3 and other candidate orthorhombic phases under pressure. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ssc.2018.02.006.
Bhandari, Churna, & Lambrecht, Walter R. L. Instability of the layered orthorhombic post-perovskite phase of SrTiO3 and other candidate orthorhombic phases under pressure. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2018.02.006
Bhandari, Churna, and Lambrecht, Walter R. L. Sat . "Instability of the layered orthorhombic post-perovskite phase of SrTiO3 and other candidate orthorhombic phases under pressure". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssc.2018.02.006. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1591870.
@article{osti_1591870,
title = {Instability of the layered orthorhombic post-perovskite phase of SrTiO3 and other candidate orthorhombic phases under pressure},
author = {Bhandari, Churna and Lambrecht, Walter R. L.},
abstractNote = {Although the tetragonal antiferro-electrically distorted (AFD) phase with space group I4/mcm is well known for SrTiO3 to occur below 105 K, there are also some hints in the literature of an orthorhombic phase, either at the lower temperature or at high pressure. A previously proposed orthorhombic layered structure of SrTiO3, known as the post-perovskite or CaIrO3 structure with space group Cmcm is shown to have significantly higher energy than the cubic or tetragonal phase and to have its minimum volume at larger volume than cubic perovskite. The Cmcm structure is thus ruled out. We also study an alternative Pnma phase obtained by two octahedral rotations about different axes. This phase is discovered to have slightly lower energy than the I4/mcm phase in spite of the fact that its parent, in-phase tilted P4/mbm phase is not found to occur. Our calculated enthalpies of formation show that the I4/mcm phase occurs at slightly higher volume than the cubic phase and has a negative transition pressure relative to the cubic phase, which suggests that it does not correspond to the high-pressure tetragonal phase. The enthalpy of the Pnma phase is almost indistinguishable from the I4/mcm phase. Alternative ferro-electric tetragonal and orthorhombic structures previously suggested in literature are discussed.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ssc.2018.02.006},
journal = {Solid State Communications},
number = C,
volume = 274,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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