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Title: Ion beam analysis of fusion plasma-facing materials and components: facilities and research challenges

Abstract

Following the IAEA Technical Meeting on 'Advanced Methodologies for the Analysis of Materials in Energy Applications Using Ion Beam Accelerators', our work reviews the current status of ion beam analysis (IBA) techniques and some aspects of ion-induced radiation damage in materials for the field of materials relevant to fusion. Available facilities, apparatus development, future research options and challenges are presented and discussed. The analysis of beryllium and radioactivity-containing samples from future experiments in JET or ITER represents not only an analytical but also a technical challenge. A comprehensive list of the facilities, their current status, and analytical capabilities comes alongside detailed descriptions of the labs. A discussion of future issues of sample handling and the current status of facilities at JET complete the technical section. To prepare the international IBA community for these challenges, the IAEA technical meeting finalizes the necessity for determining new nuclear reaction cross-sections and improving the inter-laboratory comparability by defining international standards and testing these via a round-robin test.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [8];  [5];  [9];  [10];  [5];  [11];  [12]; ORCiD logo [13];  [8];  [14]; ORCiD logo [15];  [16];  [3] more »;  [17];  [18];  [19];  [5]; ORCiD logo [20];  [5];  [21] « less
  1. Max Planck Society, Garching (Germany)
  2. Forschungszentrum Juelich (Germany). Inst. fur Energie- und Klimaforschung (IEK)
  3. KTH Royal Inst. of Technology, Stockholm (Sweden)
  4. Culham Science Centre, Abingdon (United Kingdom). Culham Centre for Fusion Energy (CCFE), EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association
  5. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Vienna (Austria)
  6. Univ. of Helsinki (Finland)
  7. Univ. of Lisbon (Portugal). Inst. of Superior Tecnico (IST)
  8. National Centre of Scientific Research (NCSR) "Demokritos", Athens (Greece)
  9. Univ. of Huddersfield (United Kingdom). Ion Beam Centre
  10. Ruđer Bošković Inst., Zagreb (Croatia)
  11. Nuclear Science and Technology Research Inst., Tehran (Iran)
  12. Univ. Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
  13. Kyoto Univ. (Japan)
  14. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  15. Jozef Stefan Inst. (IJS), Ljubljana (Slovenia)
  16. Vinca Inst. of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade (Serbia)
  17. Joint Stock Company Inst. of Nuclear Materials (Russia)
  18. Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
  19. Bundeswehr Univ. Munich (Germany)
  20. Univ. of Sao Paulo (Brazil)
  21. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1591609
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 60; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; beryllium; controlled fusion; deuterium; first wall materials; ion beam analysis; nuclear reaction

Citation Formats

Mayer, M., Möller, S., Rubel, M., Widdowson, A., Charisopoulos, S., Ahlgren, T., Alves, E., Apostolopoulos, G., Barradas, N. P., Donnelly, S., Fazinić, S., Heinola, K., Kakuee, O., Khodja, H., Kimura, A., Lagoyannis, A., Li, M., Markelj, S., Mudrinic, M., Petersson, P., Portnykh, I., Primetzhofer, D., Reichart, P., Ridikas, D., Silva, T., Gonzalez de Vicente, S. M., and Wang, Y. Q. Ion beam analysis of fusion plasma-facing materials and components: facilities and research challenges. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ab5817.
Mayer, M., Möller, S., Rubel, M., Widdowson, A., Charisopoulos, S., Ahlgren, T., Alves, E., Apostolopoulos, G., Barradas, N. P., Donnelly, S., Fazinić, S., Heinola, K., Kakuee, O., Khodja, H., Kimura, A., Lagoyannis, A., Li, M., Markelj, S., Mudrinic, M., Petersson, P., Portnykh, I., Primetzhofer, D., Reichart, P., Ridikas, D., Silva, T., Gonzalez de Vicente, S. M., & Wang, Y. Q. Ion beam analysis of fusion plasma-facing materials and components: facilities and research challenges. United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ab5817.
Mayer, M., Möller, S., Rubel, M., Widdowson, A., Charisopoulos, S., Ahlgren, T., Alves, E., Apostolopoulos, G., Barradas, N. P., Donnelly, S., Fazinić, S., Heinola, K., Kakuee, O., Khodja, H., Kimura, A., Lagoyannis, A., Li, M., Markelj, S., Mudrinic, M., Petersson, P., Portnykh, I., Primetzhofer, D., Reichart, P., Ridikas, D., Silva, T., Gonzalez de Vicente, S. M., and Wang, Y. Q. Fri . "Ion beam analysis of fusion plasma-facing materials and components: facilities and research challenges". United States. doi:10.1088/1741-4326/ab5817.
@article{osti_1591609,
title = {Ion beam analysis of fusion plasma-facing materials and components: facilities and research challenges},
author = {Mayer, M. and Möller, S. and Rubel, M. and Widdowson, A. and Charisopoulos, S. and Ahlgren, T. and Alves, E. and Apostolopoulos, G. and Barradas, N. P. and Donnelly, S. and Fazinić, S. and Heinola, K. and Kakuee, O. and Khodja, H. and Kimura, A. and Lagoyannis, A. and Li, M. and Markelj, S. and Mudrinic, M. and Petersson, P. and Portnykh, I. and Primetzhofer, D. and Reichart, P. and Ridikas, D. and Silva, T. and Gonzalez de Vicente, S. M. and Wang, Y. Q.},
abstractNote = {Following the IAEA Technical Meeting on 'Advanced Methodologies for the Analysis of Materials in Energy Applications Using Ion Beam Accelerators', our work reviews the current status of ion beam analysis (IBA) techniques and some aspects of ion-induced radiation damage in materials for the field of materials relevant to fusion. Available facilities, apparatus development, future research options and challenges are presented and discussed. The analysis of beryllium and radioactivity-containing samples from future experiments in JET or ITER represents not only an analytical but also a technical challenge. A comprehensive list of the facilities, their current status, and analytical capabilities comes alongside detailed descriptions of the labs. A discussion of future issues of sample handling and the current status of facilities at JET complete the technical section. To prepare the international IBA community for these challenges, the IAEA technical meeting finalizes the necessity for determining new nuclear reaction cross-sections and improving the inter-laboratory comparability by defining international standards and testing these via a round-robin test.},
doi = {10.1088/1741-4326/ab5817},
journal = {Nuclear Fusion},
number = 2,
volume = 60,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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Misconceptions impairing the validity of the stopping power tables in the SRIM library and suggestions for doing better in the future
journal, August 2016

  • Wittmaack, Klaus
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Composition of the plasma facing material Tokamakium
journal, October 1996


XXXIX. On the α particles of radium, and their loss of range in passing through various atoms and molecules
journal, September 1905

  • Bragg, W. H.; Kleeman, R.
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Influence of H - C bonds on the stopping power of hard and soft carbonized layers
journal, August 1988


The stopping of ions in compounds
journal, December 1988

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Bragg's rule study in binary metal alloys and metal oxides for MeV 4He+ ions
journal, December 1973


Calculation of energy straggling for protons and helium ions
journal, June 1976


Empirical formulae for energy loss straggling of ions in matter
journal, August 1991

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Multiple scattering of MeV ions: Comparison between the analytical theory and Monte-Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations
journal, August 2006

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Development of a reference database for Ion Beam Analysis and future perspectives
journal, December 2011

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Cross section of the d + 3 He → α + p reaction of relevance for fusion plasma applications
journal, April 2010


Differential cross-section of the D(3He,p)4He nuclear reaction and depth profiling of deuterium up to large depths
journal, June 2005

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Cross section data for the D( 3 He,p) 4 He nuclear reaction from 0.25 to 6 MeV
journal, March 2016

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Ion-induced release of deuterium from co-deposits by high energy helium bombardment
journal, February 1997


Accelerator-based ion beam analysis of fusion reactor materials
journal, May 2005


Overview and status of ITER internal components
journal, October 2014


Erosion/deposition issues at JET
journal, March 2001


Beryllium and carbon films in JET following D–T operation
journal, March 2003


Surface composition and structure of divertor tiles following the JET tokamak operation with the ITER-like wall
journal, May 2017


Modeling FAMA ion beam diagnostics based on the Ptolemy II model
journal, October 2012

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Up Close: The Ion Beam Materials Laboratory at Los Alamos National Laboratory
journal, September 1987