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Title: Defect Control in the Synthesis of 2 D MoS 2 Nanosheets: Polysulfide Trapping in Composite Sulfur Cathodes for Li–S Batteries

Abstract

One of the inherent challenges with Li–S batteries is polysulfide dissolution, in which soluble polysulfide species can contribute to the active material loss from the cathode and undergo shuttling reactions inhibiting the ability to effectively charge the battery. Prior theoretical studies have proposed the possible benefit of defective 2 D MoS 2 materials as polysulfide trapping agents. Herein the synthesis and thorough characterization of hydrothermally prepared MoS 2 nanosheets that vary in layer number, morphology, lateral size, and defect content are reported. Here, the materials were incorporated into composite sulfur–based cathodes and studied in Li–S batteries with environmentally benign ether–based electrolytes. Through directed synthesis of the MoS 2 additive, the relationship between synthetically induced defects in 2 D MoS 2 materials and resultant electrochemistry was elucidated and described.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
  2. Department of ChemistryStony Brook University Stony Brook NY 11794 USA
  3. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1583104
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1580124
Report Number(s):
BNL-213513-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; EE0008208; SC0012673
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ChemSusChem
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ChemSusChem; Journal ID: ISSN 1864-5631
Publisher:
ChemPubSoc Europe
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; defect control; energy storage; lithium–sulfur batteries; molybdenum sulfide; sulfur cathode

Citation Formats

Abraham, Alyson, Wang, Lei, Quilty, Calvin D., Lutz, Diana M., McCarthy, Alison H., Tang, Christopher R., Dunkin, Mikaela R., Housel, Lisa M., Takeuchi, Esther S., Marschilok, Amy C., and Takeuchi, Kenneth J. Defect Control in the Synthesis of 2 D MoS2 Nanosheets: Polysulfide Trapping in Composite Sulfur Cathodes for Li–S Batteries. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/cssc.201903028.
Abraham, Alyson, Wang, Lei, Quilty, Calvin D., Lutz, Diana M., McCarthy, Alison H., Tang, Christopher R., Dunkin, Mikaela R., Housel, Lisa M., Takeuchi, Esther S., Marschilok, Amy C., & Takeuchi, Kenneth J. Defect Control in the Synthesis of 2 D MoS2 Nanosheets: Polysulfide Trapping in Composite Sulfur Cathodes for Li–S Batteries. United States. doi:10.1002/cssc.201903028.
Abraham, Alyson, Wang, Lei, Quilty, Calvin D., Lutz, Diana M., McCarthy, Alison H., Tang, Christopher R., Dunkin, Mikaela R., Housel, Lisa M., Takeuchi, Esther S., Marschilok, Amy C., and Takeuchi, Kenneth J. Fri . "Defect Control in the Synthesis of 2 D MoS2 Nanosheets: Polysulfide Trapping in Composite Sulfur Cathodes for Li–S Batteries". United States. doi:10.1002/cssc.201903028.
@article{osti_1583104,
title = {Defect Control in the Synthesis of 2 D MoS2 Nanosheets: Polysulfide Trapping in Composite Sulfur Cathodes for Li–S Batteries},
author = {Abraham, Alyson and Wang, Lei and Quilty, Calvin D. and Lutz, Diana M. and McCarthy, Alison H. and Tang, Christopher R. and Dunkin, Mikaela R. and Housel, Lisa M. and Takeuchi, Esther S. and Marschilok, Amy C. and Takeuchi, Kenneth J.},
abstractNote = {One of the inherent challenges with Li–S batteries is polysulfide dissolution, in which soluble polysulfide species can contribute to the active material loss from the cathode and undergo shuttling reactions inhibiting the ability to effectively charge the battery. Prior theoretical studies have proposed the possible benefit of defective 2 D MoS2 materials as polysulfide trapping agents. Herein the synthesis and thorough characterization of hydrothermally prepared MoS2 nanosheets that vary in layer number, morphology, lateral size, and defect content are reported. Here, the materials were incorporated into composite sulfur–based cathodes and studied in Li–S batteries with environmentally benign ether–based electrolytes. Through directed synthesis of the MoS2 additive, the relationship between synthetically induced defects in 2 D MoS2 materials and resultant electrochemistry was elucidated and described.},
doi = {10.1002/cssc.201903028},
journal = {ChemSusChem},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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