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Title: Lifetimes of interstellar dust from cosmic ray exposure ages of presolar silicon carbide

Abstract

We determined interstellar cosmic ray exposure ages of 40 large presolar silicon carbide grains extracted from the Murchison CM2 meteorite. Our ages, based on cosmogenic Ne-21, range from 3.9 ± 1.6 Ma to ∼3 ± 2 Ga before the start of the Solar System ∼4.6 Ga ago. A majority of the grains have interstellar lifetimes of <300 Ma, which is shorter than theoretical estimates for large grains. These grains condensed in outflows of asymptotic giant branch stars <4.9 Ga ago that possibly formed during an episode of enhanced star formation ∼7 Ga ago. A minority of the grains have ages >1 Ga. Longer lifetimes are expected for large grains. We determined that at least 12 of the analyzed grains were parts of aggregates in the interstellar medium: The large difference in nuclear recoil loss of cosmic ray spallation products 3 He and 21 Ne enabled us to estimate that the irradiated objects in the interstellar medium were up to 30 times larger than the analyzed grains. Furthermore, we estimate that the majority of the grains acquired the bulk of their cosmogenic nuclides in the interstellar medium and not by exposure to an enhanced particle flux of the early active sun.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1582671
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; 19-FS-028
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Heck, Philipp R., Greer, Jennika, Kööp, Levke, Trappitsch, Reto, Gyngard, Frank, Busemann, Henner, Maden, Colin, Ávila, Janaína N., Davis, Andrew M., and Wieler, Rainer. Lifetimes of interstellar dust from cosmic ray exposure ages of presolar silicon carbide. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1904573117.
Heck, Philipp R., Greer, Jennika, Kööp, Levke, Trappitsch, Reto, Gyngard, Frank, Busemann, Henner, Maden, Colin, Ávila, Janaína N., Davis, Andrew M., & Wieler, Rainer. Lifetimes of interstellar dust from cosmic ray exposure ages of presolar silicon carbide. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1904573117.
Heck, Philipp R., Greer, Jennika, Kööp, Levke, Trappitsch, Reto, Gyngard, Frank, Busemann, Henner, Maden, Colin, Ávila, Janaína N., Davis, Andrew M., and Wieler, Rainer. Mon . "Lifetimes of interstellar dust from cosmic ray exposure ages of presolar silicon carbide". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1904573117.
@article{osti_1582671,
title = {Lifetimes of interstellar dust from cosmic ray exposure ages of presolar silicon carbide},
author = {Heck, Philipp R. and Greer, Jennika and Kööp, Levke and Trappitsch, Reto and Gyngard, Frank and Busemann, Henner and Maden, Colin and Ávila, Janaína N. and Davis, Andrew M. and Wieler, Rainer},
abstractNote = {We determined interstellar cosmic ray exposure ages of 40 large presolar silicon carbide grains extracted from the Murchison CM2 meteorite. Our ages, based on cosmogenic Ne-21, range from 3.9 ± 1.6 Ma to ∼3 ± 2 Ga before the start of the Solar System ∼4.6 Ga ago. A majority of the grains have interstellar lifetimes of <300 Ma, which is shorter than theoretical estimates for large grains. These grains condensed in outflows of asymptotic giant branch stars <4.9 Ga ago that possibly formed during an episode of enhanced star formation ∼7 Ga ago. A minority of the grains have ages >1 Ga. Longer lifetimes are expected for large grains. We determined that at least 12 of the analyzed grains were parts of aggregates in the interstellar medium: The large difference in nuclear recoil loss of cosmic ray spallation products 3 He and 21 Ne enabled us to estimate that the irradiated objects in the interstellar medium were up to 30 times larger than the analyzed grains. Furthermore, we estimate that the majority of the grains acquired the bulk of their cosmogenic nuclides in the interstellar medium and not by exposure to an enhanced particle flux of the early active sun.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1904573117},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1904573117

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