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Title: Two regime cooling in flow induced by a spark discharge

Abstract

In this study, the cooling process associated with the flow induced by a spark plasma discharge generated between a pair of electrodes is measured using stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (S-PIV) and background oriented schlieren (BOS). Density measurements show that the hot gas kernel initially cools fast by convective cooling, which is followed by a slower cooling process. The cooling rates during the fast regime range from 2 to 10 times those in the slower regime. An analytical model is developed to relate the cooling observed in the fast regime using BOS to the total entrainment of cold ambient fluid per unit volume of the hot gas kernel, measured using S-PIV. The model calculates the cooling ratio to characterize the cooling process and shows that the cooling ratios estimated from the density measurements are in close agreement with those calculated from the entrainment. These measurements represent quantitative density and velocity measurements of the flow induced by a spark discharge and reveal the role of entrainment in the cooling of the hot gas kernel. Finally, these results underscore that convective cooling of the hot gas kernel, in the fast regime, leads to approximately 50% of the cooling and occurs within the firstmore » millisecond of the induced flow.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1582642
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018156
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Fluids
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-990X
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Singh, Bhavini, Rajendran, Lalit K., Vlachos, Pavlos P., and Bane, Sally P. M. Two regime cooling in flow induced by a spark discharge. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.014501.
Singh, Bhavini, Rajendran, Lalit K., Vlachos, Pavlos P., & Bane, Sally P. M. Two regime cooling in flow induced by a spark discharge. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.014501.
Singh, Bhavini, Rajendran, Lalit K., Vlachos, Pavlos P., and Bane, Sally P. M. Tue . "Two regime cooling in flow induced by a spark discharge". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.014501.
@article{osti_1582642,
title = {Two regime cooling in flow induced by a spark discharge},
author = {Singh, Bhavini and Rajendran, Lalit K. and Vlachos, Pavlos P. and Bane, Sally P. M.},
abstractNote = {In this study, the cooling process associated with the flow induced by a spark plasma discharge generated between a pair of electrodes is measured using stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (S-PIV) and background oriented schlieren (BOS). Density measurements show that the hot gas kernel initially cools fast by convective cooling, which is followed by a slower cooling process. The cooling rates during the fast regime range from 2 to 10 times those in the slower regime. An analytical model is developed to relate the cooling observed in the fast regime using BOS to the total entrainment of cold ambient fluid per unit volume of the hot gas kernel, measured using S-PIV. The model calculates the cooling ratio to characterize the cooling process and shows that the cooling ratios estimated from the density measurements are in close agreement with those calculated from the entrainment. These measurements represent quantitative density and velocity measurements of the flow induced by a spark discharge and reveal the role of entrainment in the cooling of the hot gas kernel. Finally, these results underscore that convective cooling of the hot gas kernel, in the fast regime, leads to approximately 50% of the cooling and occurs within the first millisecond of the induced flow.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevFluids.5.014501},
journal = {Physical Review Fluids},
number = 1,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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