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Title: Modeling Dust in East Asia by CESM and Sources of Biases

Abstract

East Asian dust has a significant impact on regional and global climate. In this study, we evaluate the spatial distributions and temporal variations of dust extinction profiles and dust optical depth (DOD) over East Asia simulated from the Community Earth System Model (CESM) with satellite retrievals from Luo, Wang, Ferrare, et al., Luo, Wang, Zhang, et al. (L15), Yu et al. (Y15), and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) level 3 products. Both L15 and Y15 are based on CALIPSO products but use different algorithms to separate dust from nondust aerosols. We find high model biases of dust extinction in the upper troposphere over the Taklamakan desert, Gobi desert, and Tibetan Plateau, especially in the summer (June-July-August). CESM with dust emission scheme of Kok, Mahowald, et al. and Kok, Albani, et al. has the best agreement with dust extinction profiles and DOD from L15 in the Taklamakan desert and Tibetan Plateau. CESM with the default dust emission scheme of Zender, Bian, and Newman underpredicts DOD in the Tibetan Plateau compared with observations from L15 due to the underestimation of local dust emission. Large uncertainties exist in observations from L15, Y15, and CALIPSO level 3 products and have significantmore » impacts on the model evaluation of dust spatial distributions. We also assess dust surface concentrations and 10-m wind speed with meteorological records from weather stations in the Taklamakan and Gobi deserts during dust events. We note CESM underestimates dust surface concentrations at most weather stations due to the inability of CESM to capture strong surface wind events.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States)
  2. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States); Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States). Atmospheric Science and Global Change Div. (ASGC)
  4. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Greenbelt, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) (SC-21). Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC)
OSTI Identifier:
1582416
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1545398
Report Number(s):
[PNNL-SA-140132]
[Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC05-76RL01830; NNX16AO94G]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 14]; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; CESM; dust; CALIPSO; East Asia; model biases

Citation Formats

Wu, Mingxuan, Liu, Xiaohong, Yang, Kang, Luo, Tao, Wang, Zhien, Wu, Chenglai, Zhang, Kai, Yu, Hongbin, and Darmenov, Anton S. Modeling Dust in East Asia by CESM and Sources of Biases. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2019JD030799.
Wu, Mingxuan, Liu, Xiaohong, Yang, Kang, Luo, Tao, Wang, Zhien, Wu, Chenglai, Zhang, Kai, Yu, Hongbin, & Darmenov, Anton S. Modeling Dust in East Asia by CESM and Sources of Biases. United States. doi:10.1029/2019JD030799.
Wu, Mingxuan, Liu, Xiaohong, Yang, Kang, Luo, Tao, Wang, Zhien, Wu, Chenglai, Zhang, Kai, Yu, Hongbin, and Darmenov, Anton S. Sat . "Modeling Dust in East Asia by CESM and Sources of Biases". United States. doi:10.1029/2019JD030799.
@article{osti_1582416,
title = {Modeling Dust in East Asia by CESM and Sources of Biases},
author = {Wu, Mingxuan and Liu, Xiaohong and Yang, Kang and Luo, Tao and Wang, Zhien and Wu, Chenglai and Zhang, Kai and Yu, Hongbin and Darmenov, Anton S.},
abstractNote = {East Asian dust has a significant impact on regional and global climate. In this study, we evaluate the spatial distributions and temporal variations of dust extinction profiles and dust optical depth (DOD) over East Asia simulated from the Community Earth System Model (CESM) with satellite retrievals from Luo, Wang, Ferrare, et al., Luo, Wang, Zhang, et al. (L15), Yu et al. (Y15), and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) level 3 products. Both L15 and Y15 are based on CALIPSO products but use different algorithms to separate dust from nondust aerosols. We find high model biases of dust extinction in the upper troposphere over the Taklamakan desert, Gobi desert, and Tibetan Plateau, especially in the summer (June-July-August). CESM with dust emission scheme of Kok, Mahowald, et al. and Kok, Albani, et al. has the best agreement with dust extinction profiles and DOD from L15 in the Taklamakan desert and Tibetan Plateau. CESM with the default dust emission scheme of Zender, Bian, and Newman underpredicts DOD in the Tibetan Plateau compared with observations from L15 due to the underestimation of local dust emission. Large uncertainties exist in observations from L15, Y15, and CALIPSO level 3 products and have significant impacts on the model evaluation of dust spatial distributions. We also assess dust surface concentrations and 10-m wind speed with meteorological records from weather stations in the Taklamakan and Gobi deserts during dust events. We note CESM underestimates dust surface concentrations at most weather stations due to the inability of CESM to capture strong surface wind events.},
doi = {10.1029/2019JD030799},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = [14],
volume = [124],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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