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Title: Dark-State-Based Low-Loss Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Electric and Magnetic Resonant Response

Abstract

The realization of metamaterials or metasurfaces with simultaneous electric and magnetic response and low loss is generally very difficult at optical frequencies. Traditional approaches using nanoresonators made of noble metals, while suitable for the microwave and terahertz regimes, fail at frequencies above the near-infrared, due to prohibitive high dissipative losses and the breakdown of scaling resulting from the electron mass contribution (kinetic inductance) to the effective reactance of these plasmonic meta-atoms. The alternative route based on Mie resonances of high-index dielectric particles normally leads to structure sizes that tend to break the effective-medium approximation. Here, we propose a subwavelength dark-state-based metasurface, which enables configurable simultaneous electric and magnetic responses with low loss. Proof-of-concept metasurface samples, specifically designed around telecommunication wavelengths (i.e., λ ≈ 1.5 μm), were fabricated and investigated experimentally to validate our theoretical concept. Because the electromagnetic field energy is localized and stored predominantly inside a dark resonant dielectric bound state, the proposed metasurfaces can overcome the loss issue associated with plasmonic resonators made of noble metals and enable scaling to very high operation frequency without suffering from saturation of the resonance frequency due to the kinetic inductance of the electrons

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [3]
  1. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Inst. of Electronic Structure and Laser, Crete (Greece)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1582410
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1650142
Report Number(s):
IS-J-10132; SAND-2020-7718J
Journal ID: ISSN 2330-4022
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358; NA0003525; 320081; AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2330-4022
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; metamaterials; metasurfaces; dark state; dielectric resonator; optical magnetic response; simultaneous electric and magnetic response

Citation Formats

Jain, Aditya, James, Anthony R., Nogan, John, Luk, Ting S., Subramania, Ganapathi, Liu, Sheng, Brener, Igal, Shen, Nian-Hai, Koschny, Thomas, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Dark-State-Based Low-Loss Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Electric and Magnetic Resonant Response. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.9b01480.
Jain, Aditya, James, Anthony R., Nogan, John, Luk, Ting S., Subramania, Ganapathi, Liu, Sheng, Brener, Igal, Shen, Nian-Hai, Koschny, Thomas, & Soukoulis, Costas M. Dark-State-Based Low-Loss Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Electric and Magnetic Resonant Response. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.9b01480
Jain, Aditya, James, Anthony R., Nogan, John, Luk, Ting S., Subramania, Ganapathi, Liu, Sheng, Brener, Igal, Shen, Nian-Hai, Koschny, Thomas, and Soukoulis, Costas M. Wed . "Dark-State-Based Low-Loss Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Electric and Magnetic Resonant Response". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.9b01480. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1582410.
@article{osti_1582410,
title = {Dark-State-Based Low-Loss Metasurfaces with Simultaneous Electric and Magnetic Resonant Response},
author = {Jain, Aditya and James, Anthony R. and Nogan, John and Luk, Ting S. and Subramania, Ganapathi and Liu, Sheng and Brener, Igal and Shen, Nian-Hai and Koschny, Thomas and Soukoulis, Costas M.},
abstractNote = {The realization of metamaterials or metasurfaces with simultaneous electric and magnetic response and low loss is generally very difficult at optical frequencies. Traditional approaches using nanoresonators made of noble metals, while suitable for the microwave and terahertz regimes, fail at frequencies above the near-infrared, due to prohibitive high dissipative losses and the breakdown of scaling resulting from the electron mass contribution (kinetic inductance) to the effective reactance of these plasmonic meta-atoms. The alternative route based on Mie resonances of high-index dielectric particles normally leads to structure sizes that tend to break the effective-medium approximation. Here, we propose a subwavelength dark-state-based metasurface, which enables configurable simultaneous electric and magnetic responses with low loss. Proof-of-concept metasurface samples, specifically designed around telecommunication wavelengths (i.e., λ ≈ 1.5 μm), were fabricated and investigated experimentally to validate our theoretical concept. Because the electromagnetic field energy is localized and stored predominantly inside a dark resonant dielectric bound state, the proposed metasurfaces can overcome the loss issue associated with plasmonic resonators made of noble metals and enable scaling to very high operation frequency without suffering from saturation of the resonance frequency due to the kinetic inductance of the electrons},
doi = {10.1021/acsphotonics.9b01480},
journal = {ACS Photonics},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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