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Title: Intense vortex high-order harmonics generated from laser-ablated plume

Abstract

In this study, we demonstrate intense extreme-ultraviolet optical vortices generated using laser-ablation plume as the nonlinear medium. We used two types of plumes that are known to generate intense high-order harmonics for driving lasers with Gaussian beam profiles, but through different mechanisms, namely, carbon (diatomic carbon molecules) and tin (resonance with the autoionizing state). We find that the harmonic fluxes for diatomic carbon molecules are similar for Gaussian and vortex driving fields. However, for harmonics from the autoionizing state of tin (~26.3 eV), the enhancement factor of the resonant harmonic intensity decreases by ~50% when using the vortex driving field. We conclude the intense extreme-ultraviolet optical vortices demonstrated in this study will be useful for many applications including a material characterization technique known as optical angular momentum dichroism as well as the spectroscopy of spin-forbidden electronic transitions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Inst. National de la Recherche Scientifique—Centre Energie Matériaux Telécommunications, Québec (Canada)
  2. Inst. National de la Recherche Scientifique—Centre Energie Matériaux Telécommunications, Québec (Canada); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1582351
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-05CH11231]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 115; Journal Issue: 23]; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Singh, M., Fareed, M. A., Laramée, A., Isgandarov, E., and Ozaki, T. Intense vortex high-order harmonics generated from laser-ablated plume. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5131289.
Singh, M., Fareed, M. A., Laramée, A., Isgandarov, E., & Ozaki, T. Intense vortex high-order harmonics generated from laser-ablated plume. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5131289.
Singh, M., Fareed, M. A., Laramée, A., Isgandarov, E., and Ozaki, T. Wed . "Intense vortex high-order harmonics generated from laser-ablated plume". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5131289.
@article{osti_1582351,
title = {Intense vortex high-order harmonics generated from laser-ablated plume},
author = {Singh, M. and Fareed, M. A. and Laramée, A. and Isgandarov, E. and Ozaki, T.},
abstractNote = {In this study, we demonstrate intense extreme-ultraviolet optical vortices generated using laser-ablation plume as the nonlinear medium. We used two types of plumes that are known to generate intense high-order harmonics for driving lasers with Gaussian beam profiles, but through different mechanisms, namely, carbon (diatomic carbon molecules) and tin (resonance with the autoionizing state). We find that the harmonic fluxes for diatomic carbon molecules are similar for Gaussian and vortex driving fields. However, for harmonics from the autoionizing state of tin (~26.3 eV), the enhancement factor of the resonant harmonic intensity decreases by ~50% when using the vortex driving field. We conclude the intense extreme-ultraviolet optical vortices demonstrated in this study will be useful for many applications including a material characterization technique known as optical angular momentum dichroism as well as the spectroscopy of spin-forbidden electronic transitions.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5131289},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = [23],
volume = [115],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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