skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Salt Mediated Self-Assembly of Poly(ethylene glycol)-Functionalized Gold Nanorods

Abstract

Although challenging, assembling and orienting non-spherical nanomaterials into two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) ordered arrays can facilitate versatile collective properties by virtue of their shape-dependent properties that cannot be realized with their spherical counterparts. Here, we report on the self-assembly of gold nanorods (AuNRs) into 2D films at the vapor/liquid interface facilitated by grafting them with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Using surface sensitive synchrotron grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) and specular X-ray reflectivity (XRR), we show that PEG-AuNRs in aqueous suspensions migrate to the vapor/liquid interface in the presence of salt, forming a uniform monolayer with planar-to-surface orientation. Furthermore, the 2D assembled PEG functionalized AuNRs exhibit short range order into rectangular symmetry with side-by-side and tail-to-tail nearest-neighbor packing. The effect of PEG chain length and salt concentration on the 2D assembly are also reported.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Ames Lab., and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Scientific User Facilities Division
OSTI Identifier:
1581593
Report Number(s):
IS-J 10039
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358; NSF/CHE-1834750; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Kim, Hyeong Jin, Wang, Wenjie, Bu, Wei, Hossen, Md Mir, Londoño-Calderon, Alejandra, Hillier, Andrew C., Prozorov, Tanya, Mallapragada, Surya, and Vaknin, David. Salt Mediated Self-Assembly of Poly(ethylene glycol)-Functionalized Gold Nanorods. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-56730-2.
Kim, Hyeong Jin, Wang, Wenjie, Bu, Wei, Hossen, Md Mir, Londoño-Calderon, Alejandra, Hillier, Andrew C., Prozorov, Tanya, Mallapragada, Surya, & Vaknin, David. Salt Mediated Self-Assembly of Poly(ethylene glycol)-Functionalized Gold Nanorods. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-56730-2.
Kim, Hyeong Jin, Wang, Wenjie, Bu, Wei, Hossen, Md Mir, Londoño-Calderon, Alejandra, Hillier, Andrew C., Prozorov, Tanya, Mallapragada, Surya, and Vaknin, David. Mon . "Salt Mediated Self-Assembly of Poly(ethylene glycol)-Functionalized Gold Nanorods". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-56730-2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1581593.
@article{osti_1581593,
title = {Salt Mediated Self-Assembly of Poly(ethylene glycol)-Functionalized Gold Nanorods},
author = {Kim, Hyeong Jin and Wang, Wenjie and Bu, Wei and Hossen, Md Mir and Londoño-Calderon, Alejandra and Hillier, Andrew C. and Prozorov, Tanya and Mallapragada, Surya and Vaknin, David},
abstractNote = {Although challenging, assembling and orienting non-spherical nanomaterials into two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) ordered arrays can facilitate versatile collective properties by virtue of their shape-dependent properties that cannot be realized with their spherical counterparts. Here, we report on the self-assembly of gold nanorods (AuNRs) into 2D films at the vapor/liquid interface facilitated by grafting them with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Using surface sensitive synchrotron grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) and specular X-ray reflectivity (XRR), we show that PEG-AuNRs in aqueous suspensions migrate to the vapor/liquid interface in the presence of salt, forming a uniform monolayer with planar-to-surface orientation. Furthermore, the 2D assembled PEG functionalized AuNRs exhibit short range order into rectangular symmetry with side-by-side and tail-to-tail nearest-neighbor packing. The effect of PEG chain length and salt concentration on the 2D assembly are also reported.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-019-56730-2},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Optical properties of gold nanocluster composites formed by deep ion implantation in silica
journal, April 1993

  • Magruder, R. H.; Yang, Li; Haglund, R. F.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 62, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.109588

Self-Assembly of Gold Nanorods
journal, September 2000

  • Nikoobakht, B.; Wang, Z. L.; El-Sayed, M. A.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 104, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp001287p

Electronic Energy Transfer in CdSe Quantum Dot Solids
journal, February 1996


Self-Organization of CdSe Nanocrystallites into Three-Dimensional Quantum Dot Superlattices
journal, November 1995


Evaporative Self-Assembly of Gold Nanorods into Macroscopic 3D Plasmonic Superlattice Arrays
journal, January 2016


Morphological Transformations in the Magnetite Biomineralizing Protein Mms6 in Iron Solutions: A Small-Angle X-ray Scattering Study
journal, February 2015

  • Zhang, Honghu; Liu, Xunpei; Feng, Shuren
  • Langmuir, Vol. 31, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/la5044377

Seeded Growth Synthesis of Gold Nanotriangles: Size Control, SAXS Analysis, and SERS Performance
journal, March 2018

  • Kuttner, Christian; Mayer, Martin; Dulle, Martin
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 10, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b19081

Two-Dimensional Binary and Ternary Nanocrystal Superlattices: The Case of Monolayers and Bilayers
journal, April 2011

  • Dong, Angang; Ye, Xingchen; Chen, Jun
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 11, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl200468p

Tunable Nanoparticle Arrays at Charged Interfaces
journal, September 2014

  • Srivastava, Sunita; Nykypanchuk, Dmytro; Fukuto, Masafumi
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn5042416

DNA Directed Self-Assembly of Anisotropic Plasmonic Nanostructures
journal, November 2011

  • Pal, Suchetan; Deng, Zhengtao; Wang, Haining
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja207898r

Self-Organization into 2D and 3D Superlattices of Nanosized Particles Differing by Their Size
journal, January 1997

  • Motte, L.; Billoudet, F.; Lacaze, E.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 101, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp962398k

Contact line deposits in an evaporating drop
journal, July 2000

  • Deegan, Robert D.; Bakajin, Olgica; Dupont, Todd F.
  • Physical Review E, Vol. 62, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.62.756

Dynamic light scattering for gold nanorod size characterization and study of nanorod–protein interactions
journal, September 2012


Synergism in binary nanocrystal superlattices leads to enhanced p-type conductivity in self-assembled PbTe/Ag2Te thin films
journal, January 2007

  • Urban, Jeffrey J.; Talapin, Dmitri V.; Shevchenko, Elena V.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 2, p. 115-121
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1826

Assembling and ordering polymer-grafted nanoparticles in three dimensions
journal, January 2017

  • Zhang, Honghu; Wang, Wenjie; Akinc, Mufit
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 9, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7NR00787F

Phase Diagram Data for Several PEG + Salt Aqueous Biphasic Systems at 25 °C
journal, September 2003

  • Huddleston, Jonathan G.; Willauer, Heather D.; Rogers, Robin D.
  • Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, Vol. 48, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/je034042p

Macroscopic and tunable nanoparticle superlattices
journal, January 2017

  • Zhang, Honghu; Wang, Wenjie; Mallapragada, Surya
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6NR07136H

Ion-Specific Interfacial Crystallization of Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticles
journal, July 2017

  • Zhang, Honghu; Wang, Wenjie; Mallapragada, Surya
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 121, Issue 28
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b02549

Hierarchical Assembly of Ultranarrow Alkylamine-Coated ZnS Nanorods: A Synchrotron Surface X-Ray Diffraction Study
journal, November 2008

  • Belman, Nataly; Acharya, Somobrata; Konovalov, Oleg
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl802287h

Langmuir−Blodgett Silver Nanowire Monolayers for Molecular Sensing Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy
journal, September 2003

  • Tao, Andrea; Kim, Franklin; Hess, Christian
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 9, p. 1229-1233
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl0344209

Shape separation of gold nanorods using centrifugation
journal, March 2009

  • Sharma, V.; Park, K.; Srinivasarao, M.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue 13, p. 4981-4985
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0800599106

2D-Arrays of Nanoparticles as Model Catalysts
journal, November 2014


Synthesis of monodisperse cobalt nanocrystals and their assembly into magnetic superlattices (invited)
journal, April 1999

  • Sun, Shouheng; Murray, C. B.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 85, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.370357

Highly Oriented Molecular Ag Nanocrystal Arrays
journal, January 1996

  • Harfenist, Steven A.; Wang, Z. L.; Alvarez, Marcos M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry, Vol. 100, Issue 33
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp961764x

Oriented Gold Nanorod Arrays: Self-Assembly and Optoelectronic Applications
journal, June 2019

  • Wei, Wenbo; Bai, Feng; Fan, Hongyou
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 58, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201902620

Controlling the orientations of gold nanorods inside highly packed 2D arrays
journal, January 2014


Two-Dimensional Crystallization of Poly( N -isopropylacrylamide)-Capped Gold Nanoparticles
journal, June 2018


Large-Scale Hierarchical Organization of Nanowire Arrays for Integrated Nanosystems
journal, September 2003

  • Whang, Dongmok; Jin, Song; Wu, Yue
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 9, p. 1255-1259
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl0345062

Wires on water
journal, September 2003


Preparation and Growth Mechanism of Gold Nanorods (NRs) Using Seed-Mediated Growth Method
journal, May 2003

  • Nikoobakht, Babak; El-Sayed, Mostafa A.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm020732l

Nanocrystal bilayer for tandem catalysis
journal, April 2011

  • Yamada, Yusuke; Tsung, Chia-Kuang; Huang, Wenyu
  • Nature Chemistry, Vol. 3, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1018

Self-Assembled Colloidal Superparticles from Nanorods
journal, October 2012


Vibrational coherence of self-organized silver nanocrystals in f.c.c. supra-crystals
journal, April 2005

  • Courty, A.; Mermet, A.; Albouy, P. A.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 5, p. 395-398
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1366

Creating metamaterial building blocks with directed photochemical metallization of silver onto DNA origami templates
journal, June 2018


Solute Partitioning in Aqueous Biphasic Systems Composed of Polyethylene Glycol and Salt:  The Partitioning of Small Neutral Organic Species
journal, April 2002

  • Willauer, Heather D.; Huddleston, Jonathan G.; Rogers, Robin D.
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 41, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie010598z

Bifacial DNA Origami-Directed Discrete, Three-Dimensional, Anisotropic Plasmonic Nanoarchitectures with Tailored Optical Chirality
journal, July 2013

  • Lan, Xiang; Chen, Zhong; Dai, Gaole
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja404354c

Semiconductor Nanorod Liquid Crystals
journal, June 2002

  • Li, Liang-shi; Walda, Joost; Manna, Liberato
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 2, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl0255146

On the measurement of gold nanoparticle sizes by the dynamic light scattering method
journal, February 2011


Prospects of Colloidal Nanocrystals for Electronic and Optoelectronic Applications
journal, January 2010

  • Talapin, Dmitri V.; Lee, Jong-Soo; Kovalenko, Maksym V.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 110, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr900137k

Controlled Synthesis of Monodisperse Silver Nanocubes in Water
journal, October 2004

  • Yu, Dabin; Yam, Vivian Wing-Wah
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 126, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja046037r

Dynamic Light Scattering of Short Au Rods with Low Aspect Ratios
journal, April 2007

  • Rodríguez-Fernández, Jessica; Pérez−Juste, Jorge; Liz−Marzán, Luis M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 111, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp067049x

Properties and emerging applications of self-assembled structures made from inorganic nanoparticles
journal, December 2009

  • Nie, Zhihong; Petukhova, Alla; Kumacheva, Eugenia
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2009.453

Bundling and Interdigitation of Adsorbed Thiolate Groups in Self-Assembled Nanocrystal Superlattices
journal, April 1998

  • Wang, Z. L.; Harfenist, S. A.; Whetten, R. L.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 102, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp980864v

Self-Assembly of Colloidal Nanocrystals: From Intricate Structures to Functional Materials
journal, August 2016


Gold Nanorods: From Synthesis and Properties to Biological and Biomedical Applications
journal, July 2009

  • Huang, Xiaohua; Neretina, Svetlana; El-Sayed, Mostafa A.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 48, p. 4880-4910
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200802789

Spin-Dependent Tunneling in Self-Assembled Cobalt-Nanocrystal Superlattices
journal, November 2000


Gold nanorods and their plasmonic properties
journal, January 2013

  • Chen, Huanjun; Shao, Lei; Li, Qian
  • Chem. Soc. Rev., Vol. 42, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C2CS35367A

Assembling Bare Au Nanoparticles at Positively Charged Templates
journal, May 2016

  • Wang, Wenjie; Zhang, Honghu; Kuzmenko, Ivan
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep26462

DNA-driven self-assembly of gold nanorods
journal, January 2001

  • Dujardin, Erik; Mann, Stephen; Hsin, Long-Bao
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1039/b102319p