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Title: Synthesis and crystal growth of the europium doped BaF2 - BaCl2 system

Abstract

Mixed halide systems possess attractive optical properties that make these materials applicable to radiation detection, imaging, optical data storage and fundamental science. Our report investigates the synthesis of BaFCl:Eu2+ using flux growth and radio-frequency heated vertical Bridgman growth. Flux growth produced crystals up to 0.5 × 0.5 × 0.5 mm3 in size while vertical Bridgman growth yielded single crystals up to 1 × 2 × 4 mm3 in size. The luminescence, scintillation, and X-ray diffraction properties of the resulting BaFCl:Eu2+ samples are reported. A lower bound of the light yield was measured to be approximately 883 photons/MeV. The successful control of the mixed halide compositional space enables the rapid development of barium-based scintillating single crystals.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1581282
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-29807
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-0248; TRN: US2100878
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Crystal Growth
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 533; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-0248
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; scintillator; halide; single crystal; europium

Citation Formats

Wiggins, Brenden, Richards, Cameron, Volpi, Azzurra, Williams, Darrick, Iliev, Metodi, and Hehlen, Markus P. Synthesis and crystal growth of the europium doped BaF2 - BaCl2 system. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2019.125431.
Wiggins, Brenden, Richards, Cameron, Volpi, Azzurra, Williams, Darrick, Iliev, Metodi, & Hehlen, Markus P. Synthesis and crystal growth of the europium doped BaF2 - BaCl2 system. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2019.125431
Wiggins, Brenden, Richards, Cameron, Volpi, Azzurra, Williams, Darrick, Iliev, Metodi, and Hehlen, Markus P. Sun . "Synthesis and crystal growth of the europium doped BaF2 - BaCl2 system". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2019.125431. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1581282.
@article{osti_1581282,
title = {Synthesis and crystal growth of the europium doped BaF2 - BaCl2 system},
author = {Wiggins, Brenden and Richards, Cameron and Volpi, Azzurra and Williams, Darrick and Iliev, Metodi and Hehlen, Markus P.},
abstractNote = {Mixed halide systems possess attractive optical properties that make these materials applicable to radiation detection, imaging, optical data storage and fundamental science. Our report investigates the synthesis of BaFCl:Eu2+ using flux growth and radio-frequency heated vertical Bridgman growth. Flux growth produced crystals up to 0.5 × 0.5 × 0.5 mm3 in size while vertical Bridgman growth yielded single crystals up to 1 × 2 × 4 mm3 in size. The luminescence, scintillation, and X-ray diffraction properties of the resulting BaFCl:Eu2+ samples are reported. A lower bound of the light yield was measured to be approximately 883 photons/MeV. The successful control of the mixed halide compositional space enables the rapid development of barium-based scintillating single crystals.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2019.125431},
journal = {Journal of Crystal Growth},
number = C,
volume = 533,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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