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Title: Investigation of Alkali-Ion (Li, Na, and K) Intercalation in K xVPO 4 F( x ~ 0) Cathode

Abstract

This work compares the intercalation of K, Na, and Li in K xVPO 4F (x~0). The K xVPO 4F (x~0) cathode delivers reversible capacities of ≈90-100 mAh g -1 in K, Na, and Li cells, at an average voltage of ≈4.33 V for K, ≈3.98 V for Na, and ≈3.96 V for Li. This is so far the highest average voltage known for a K-intercalation cathode. The lower voltage of Li insertion compared to Na is attributable to undercoordinated Li ions in the K xVPO 4F (x~0) framework. While the material shows high rate capability for all the alkali ions, Li migration in K xVPO 4F (x~0) is more difficult than with Na and K. Here, this work suggests that a large cavity is not always good for insertion of alkali ions and cathode materials need to be suitably tailored to each intercalating ion species.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Kyushu Univ., Kasuga, Fukuoka (Japan)
  3. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); Battery Innovative Contest (BIC); Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
OSTI Identifier:
1580938
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1528650; OSTI ID: 1580900
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-05CH11231; 20181787]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 29; Journal Issue: 34]; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Potassium; Sodium; Lithium; Batteries; Cathodes

Citation Formats

Kim, Haegyeom, Ishado, Yuji, Tian, Yaosen, and Ceder, Gerbrand. Investigation of Alkali-Ion (Li, Na, and K) Intercalation in KxVPO4 F(x ~ 0) Cathode. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/adfm.201902392.
Kim, Haegyeom, Ishado, Yuji, Tian, Yaosen, & Ceder, Gerbrand. Investigation of Alkali-Ion (Li, Na, and K) Intercalation in KxVPO4 F(x ~ 0) Cathode. United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201902392.
Kim, Haegyeom, Ishado, Yuji, Tian, Yaosen, and Ceder, Gerbrand. Thu . "Investigation of Alkali-Ion (Li, Na, and K) Intercalation in KxVPO4 F(x ~ 0) Cathode". United States. doi:10.1002/adfm.201902392.
@article{osti_1580938,
title = {Investigation of Alkali-Ion (Li, Na, and K) Intercalation in KxVPO4 F(x ~ 0) Cathode},
author = {Kim, Haegyeom and Ishado, Yuji and Tian, Yaosen and Ceder, Gerbrand},
abstractNote = {This work compares the intercalation of K, Na, and Li in KxVPO4F (x~0). The KxVPO4F (x~0) cathode delivers reversible capacities of ≈90-100 mAh g-1 in K, Na, and Li cells, at an average voltage of ≈4.33 V for K, ≈3.98 V for Na, and ≈3.96 V for Li. This is so far the highest average voltage known for a K-intercalation cathode. The lower voltage of Li insertion compared to Na is attributable to undercoordinated Li ions in the KxVPO4F (x~0) framework. While the material shows high rate capability for all the alkali ions, Li migration in KxVPO4F (x~0) is more difficult than with Na and K. Here, this work suggests that a large cavity is not always good for insertion of alkali ions and cathode materials need to be suitably tailored to each intercalating ion species.},
doi = {10.1002/adfm.201902392},
journal = {Advanced Functional Materials},
number = [34],
volume = [29],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
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