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Title: Induced seismicity in geologic carbon storage

Abstract

Geologic carbon storage, as well as other geo-energy applications, such as geothermal energy, seasonal natural gas storage and subsurface energy storage imply fluid injection and/or extraction that causes changes in rock stress field and may induce (micro)seismicity. If felt, seismicity has a negative effect on public perception and may jeopardize wellbore stability and damage infrastructure. Thus, induced earthquakes should be minimized to successfully deploy geo-energies. However, numerous processes may trigger induced seismicity, which contribute to making it complex and translates into a limited forecast ability of current predictive models. We review the triggering mechanisms of induced seismicity. Specifically, we analyze (1) the impact of pore pressure evolution and the effect that properties of the injected fluid have on fracture and/or fault stability; (2) non-isothermal effects caused by the fact that the injected fluid usually reaches the injection formation at a lower temperature than that of the rock, inducing rock contraction, thermal stress reduction and stress redistribution around the cooled region; (3) local stress changes induced when low-permeability faults cross the injection formation, which may reduce their stability and eventually cause fault reactivation; (4) stress transfer caused by seismic or aseismic slip; and (5) geochemical effects, which may be especially relevantmore » in carbonate-containing formations. We also review characterization techniques developed by the authors to reduce the uncertainty in rock properties and subsurface heterogeneity both for the screening of injection sites and for the operation of projects. Based on the review, we propose a methodology based on proper site characterization, monitoring and pressure management to minimize induced seismicity.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Spanish National Research Council (IDAEA-CSIC), Barcelona (Spain); Associated Unit: Hydrogeology Group UPC-CSIC, Barcelona (Spain)
  2. Technical Univ. of Catalonia (UPC-BarcelonaTech), Barcelona (Spain)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1580885
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Solid Earth (online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Solid Earth (online); Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1869-9529
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Vilarrasa, Víctor, Carrera, Jesus, Olivella, Sebastià, Rutqvist, Jonny, and Laloui, Lyesse. Induced seismicity in geologic carbon storage. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.5194/se-10-871-2019.
Vilarrasa, Víctor, Carrera, Jesus, Olivella, Sebastià, Rutqvist, Jonny, & Laloui, Lyesse. Induced seismicity in geologic carbon storage. United States. doi:10.5194/se-10-871-2019.
Vilarrasa, Víctor, Carrera, Jesus, Olivella, Sebastià, Rutqvist, Jonny, and Laloui, Lyesse. Wed . "Induced seismicity in geologic carbon storage". United States. doi:10.5194/se-10-871-2019. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1580885.
@article{osti_1580885,
title = {Induced seismicity in geologic carbon storage},
author = {Vilarrasa, Víctor and Carrera, Jesus and Olivella, Sebastià and Rutqvist, Jonny and Laloui, Lyesse},
abstractNote = {Geologic carbon storage, as well as other geo-energy applications, such as geothermal energy, seasonal natural gas storage and subsurface energy storage imply fluid injection and/or extraction that causes changes in rock stress field and may induce (micro)seismicity. If felt, seismicity has a negative effect on public perception and may jeopardize wellbore stability and damage infrastructure. Thus, induced earthquakes should be minimized to successfully deploy geo-energies. However, numerous processes may trigger induced seismicity, which contribute to making it complex and translates into a limited forecast ability of current predictive models. We review the triggering mechanisms of induced seismicity. Specifically, we analyze (1) the impact of pore pressure evolution and the effect that properties of the injected fluid have on fracture and/or fault stability; (2) non-isothermal effects caused by the fact that the injected fluid usually reaches the injection formation at a lower temperature than that of the rock, inducing rock contraction, thermal stress reduction and stress redistribution around the cooled region; (3) local stress changes induced when low-permeability faults cross the injection formation, which may reduce their stability and eventually cause fault reactivation; (4) stress transfer caused by seismic or aseismic slip; and (5) geochemical effects, which may be especially relevant in carbonate-containing formations. We also review characterization techniques developed by the authors to reduce the uncertainty in rock properties and subsurface heterogeneity both for the screening of injection sites and for the operation of projects. Based on the review, we propose a methodology based on proper site characterization, monitoring and pressure management to minimize induced seismicity.},
doi = {10.5194/se-10-871-2019},
journal = {Solid Earth (online)},
number = 3,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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  • International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 4, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2010.06.001

Geologic carbon storage is unlikely to trigger large earthquakes and reactivate faults through which CO 2 could leak
journal, April 2015

  • Vilarrasa, Victor; Carrera, Jesus
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1413284112

Potential fracture propagation into the caprock induced by cold <mml:math altimg="si36.gif" display="inline" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mstyle mathvariant="normal"><mml:mi>CO</mml:mi></mml:mstyle></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mn>2</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msub></mml:math> injection in normal faulting stress regimes
journal, July 2015


Impacts of Thermally Induced Stresses on Fracture Stability During Geological Storage of CO2
journal, January 2016


Caprock Integrity and Induced Seismicity from Laboratory and Numerical Experiments
journal, September 2017


Thermal effects on geologic carbon storage
journal, February 2017


Coupled hydromechanical modeling of CO2 sequestration in deep saline aquifers
journal, December 2010

  • Vilarrasa, Victor; Bolster, Diogo; Olivella, Sebastia
  • International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 4, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2010.06.006

Shear-Induced Flow Channels in a Single Rock Fracture and Their Effect on Solute Transport
journal, December 2010

  • Vilarrasa, Victor; Koyama, Tomofumi; Neretnieks, Ivars
  • Transport in Porous Media, Vol. 87, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11242-010-9698-1

Semianalytical Solution for $$\text{ CO}_{2}$$ Plume Shape and Pressure Evolution During $$\text{ CO}_{2}$$ Injection in Deep Saline Formations
journal, January 2013


Hydromechanical characterization of CO2 injection sites
journal, November 2013

  • Vilarrasa, Víctor; Carrera, Jesús; Olivella, Sebastià
  • International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 19
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2012.11.014

Liquid CO2 injection for geological storage in deep saline aquifers
journal, May 2013

  • Vilarrasa, Víctor; Silva, Orlando; Carrera, Jesús
  • International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 14
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2013.01.015

Long term impacts of cold CO2 injection on the caprock integrity
journal, May 2014

  • Vilarrasa, Víctor; Olivella, Sebastià; Carrera, Jesús
  • International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 24
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2014.02.016

Thermal and capillary effects on the caprock mechanical stability at In Salah, Algeria
journal, April 2015

  • Vilarrasa, Víctor; Rutqvist, Jonny; Rinaldi, Antonio Pio
  • Greenhouse Gases: Science and Technology, Vol. 5, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/ghg.1486

Geomechanical analysis of the influence of CO 2 injection location on fault stability
journal, December 2016

  • Vilarrasa, Victor; Makhnenko, Roman; Gheibi, Sohrab
  • Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jrmge.2016.06.006

A methodology to detect and locate low-permeability faults to reduce the risk of inducing seismicity of fluid injection operations in deep saline formations
journal, April 2017

  • Vilarrasa, Victor; Bustarret, Gil; Laloui, Lyesse
  • International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 59
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2017.02.010

Potential for Fault Reactivation Due to CO2 Injection in a Semi-Closed Saline Aquifer
journal, July 2017


Long-term thermal effects on injectivity evolution during CO 2 storage
journal, September 2017

  • Vilarrasa, Victor; Rinaldi, Antonio P.; Rutqvist, Jonny
  • International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 64
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2017.07.019

The 2012 Brawley swarm triggered by injection-induced aseismic slip
journal, July 2015

  • Wei, Shengji; Avouac, Jean-Philippe; Hudnut, Kenneth W.
  • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 422
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.03.054

Steady State Flow Passing Through a Cylinder of Permeability Different From the Surrounding Medium
journal, December 1985

  • Wheatcraft, Stephen W.; Winterberg, Friedwardt
  • Water Resources Research, Vol. 21, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1029/WR021i012p01923

Assessing induced seismicity risk at CO2 storage projects: Recent progress and remaining challenges
journal, June 2016


Data integration, reservoir response, and application
journal, November 2016


Effect of shear displacement on the aperture and permeability of a rock fracture
journal, December 1998

  • Yeo, I. W.; de Freitas, M. H.; Zimmerman, R. W.
  • International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 35, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0148-9062(98)00165-X

An experimental study of CO2–brine–rock interaction at in situ pressure–temperature reservoir conditions
journal, October 2012


Geomechanical Response of Fractured Reservoirs
journal, September 2018

  • Zareidarmiyan, Ahmad; Salarirad, Hossein; Vilarrasa, Victor
  • Fluids, Vol. 3, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.3390/fluids3040070

Monitoring above-zone temperature variations associated with CO2 and brine leakage from a storage aquifer
journal, February 2014

  • Zeidouni, Mehdi; Nicot, Jean-Philippe; Hovorka, Susan D.
  • Environmental Earth Sciences, Vol. 72, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1007/s12665-014-3077-0

A displacement-based back-analysis method for rock mass modulus and horizontal in situ stress in tunneling – Illustrated with a case study
journal, November 2006

  • Zhang, L. Q.; Yue, Z. Q.; Yang, Z. F.
  • Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, Vol. 21, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tust.2005.12.001

Long-term variations of CO2 trapped in different mechanisms in deep saline formations: A case study of the Songliao Basin, China
journal, March 2009


A method for quick assessment of CO2 storage capacity in closed and semi-closed saline formations
journal, October 2008

  • Zhou, Quanlin; Birkholzer, Jens T.; Tsang, Chin-Fu
  • International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2008.02.004