skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power

Abstract

Since the introduction of bolometers more than a century ago, they have been used in various applications ranging from chemical sensors, consumer electronics, and security to particle physics and astronomy. However, faster bolometers with lower noise are of great interest from the fundamental point of view and to find new use-cases for this versatile concept. We demonstrate a nanobolometer that exhibits roughly an order of magnitude lower noise equivalent power, 20 zW / $$\sqrt{Hz}$$, than previously reported for any bolometer. Importantly, it is more than an order of magnitude faster than other low-noise bolometers, with a time con- stant of 30 μs at 60 zW / $$\sqrt{Hz}$$. These results suggest a calorimetric energy resolution of 0.3 zJ = h × 0.4 THz with a time constant of 30 μs. Further development of this nanobolometer may render it a promising candidate for future applications requiring extremely low noise and high speed such as those in quantum technology and terahertz photon counting.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2];  [4]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Aalto Univ. (Finland)
  2. Aalto Univ. (Finland); VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, QTF Centre of Excellence (Finland)
  3. Aalto Univ. (Finland); National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, CO (United States)
  4. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (SC-21); European Research Council (ERC); European Commission (EC); Academy of Finland Centers of Excellence Program; Vilho, Yrjö, and Kalle Väisälä Foundation; Technology Industries of Finland Centennial Foundation; Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation; Finnish Cultural Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1580262
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1601337
Report Number(s):
BNL-212425-2019-JAAM; BNL-212424-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2399-3650
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; 681311; 727305; 766853; 820505; 314447; 314449; 276528; 305237; 308161; 314302
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Communications Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2399-3650
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Kokkoniemi, Roope, Govenius, Joonas, Vesterinen, Visa, Lake, Russell E., Gunyhó, András M., Tan, Kuan Y., Simbierowicz, Slawomir, Grönberg, Leif, Lehtinen, Janne, Prunnila, Mika, Hassel, Juha, Lamminen, Antti, Saira, Olli-Pentti, and Möttönen, Mikko. Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s42005-019-0225-6.
Kokkoniemi, Roope, Govenius, Joonas, Vesterinen, Visa, Lake, Russell E., Gunyhó, András M., Tan, Kuan Y., Simbierowicz, Slawomir, Grönberg, Leif, Lehtinen, Janne, Prunnila, Mika, Hassel, Juha, Lamminen, Antti, Saira, Olli-Pentti, & Möttönen, Mikko. Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power. United States. doi:10.1038/s42005-019-0225-6.
Kokkoniemi, Roope, Govenius, Joonas, Vesterinen, Visa, Lake, Russell E., Gunyhó, András M., Tan, Kuan Y., Simbierowicz, Slawomir, Grönberg, Leif, Lehtinen, Janne, Prunnila, Mika, Hassel, Juha, Lamminen, Antti, Saira, Olli-Pentti, and Möttönen, Mikko. Fri . "Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power". United States. doi:10.1038/s42005-019-0225-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1580262.
@article{osti_1580262,
title = {Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power},
author = {Kokkoniemi, Roope and Govenius, Joonas and Vesterinen, Visa and Lake, Russell E. and Gunyhó, András M. and Tan, Kuan Y. and Simbierowicz, Slawomir and Grönberg, Leif and Lehtinen, Janne and Prunnila, Mika and Hassel, Juha and Lamminen, Antti and Saira, Olli-Pentti and Möttönen, Mikko},
abstractNote = {Since the introduction of bolometers more than a century ago, they have been used in various applications ranging from chemical sensors, consumer electronics, and security to particle physics and astronomy. However, faster bolometers with lower noise are of great interest from the fundamental point of view and to find new use-cases for this versatile concept. We demonstrate a nanobolometer that exhibits roughly an order of magnitude lower noise equivalent power, 20 zW / $\sqrt{Hz}$, than previously reported for any bolometer. Importantly, it is more than an order of magnitude faster than other low-noise bolometers, with a time con- stant of 30 μs at 60 zW / $\sqrt{Hz}$. These results suggest a calorimetric energy resolution of 0.3 zJ = h × 0.4 THz with a time constant of 30 μs. Further development of this nanobolometer may render it a promising candidate for future applications requiring extremely low noise and high speed such as those in quantum technology and terahertz photon counting.},
doi = {10.1038/s42005-019-0225-6},
journal = {Communications Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The Bolometer and Radiant Energy
journal, January 1880

  • Langley, S. P.
  • Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 16
  • DOI: 10.2307/25138616

Photon-noise-limited direct detector based on disorder-controlled electron heating
journal, May 2000

  • Karasik, Boris S.; McGrath, William R.; Gershenson, Michael E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 87, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.373026

Nonequilibrium theory of a hot-electron bolometer with normal metal-insulator-superconductor tunnel junction
journal, June 2001

  • Golubev, Dmitri; Kuzmin, Leonid
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 89, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1351002

Ultrasensitive‐hot‐electron microbolometer
journal, November 1993

  • Nahum, M.; Martinis, John M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 63, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.110237

Strong coupling of a single photon to a superconducting qubit using circuit quantum electrodynamics
journal, September 2004

  • Wallraff, A.; Schuster, D. I.; Blais, A.
  • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7005
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02851

Coherent Josephson Qubit Suitable for Scalable Quantum Integrated Circuits
journal, August 2013


A near-quantum-limited Josephson traveling-wave parametric amplifier
journal, September 2015


High-fidelity qubit measurement with a microwave-photon counter
journal, December 2014


Microwave attenuators for use with quantum devices below 100 mK
journal, June 2017

  • Yeh, Jen-Hao; LeFebvre, Jay; Premaratne, Shavindra
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4984894

Josephson junction microwave modulators for qubit control
journal, February 2017

  • Naaman, O.; Strong, J. A.; Ferguson, D. G.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4976809

Superconducting Switch for Fast On-Chip Routing of Quantum Microwave Fields
journal, August 2016


Gyrator Operation Using Josephson Mixers
journal, September 2017


Flux-tunable phase shifter for microwaves
journal, November 2017


Measurement of a superconducting qubit with a microwave photon counter
journal, September 2018


HERSCHEL—PACS Bolometer Arrays for Submillimeter Ground-Based Telescopes
journal, January 2008

  • Revéret, Vincent; André, Philippe; Talvard, Michel
  • Journal of Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 151, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10909-007-9705-2

The SPICA-SAFARI Detector System: TES Detector Arrays With Frequency-Division Multiplexed SQUID Readout
journal, January 2012

  • Jackson, B. D.; de Korte, P. A. J.; van der Kuur, J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TTHZ.2011.2177705

Nanobolometers for THz Photon Detection
journal, September 2011

  • Karasik, Boris S.; Sergeev, Andrei V.; Prober, Daniel E.
  • IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/TTHZ.2011.2159560

NIKA: A millimeter-wave kinetic inductance camera
journal, October 2010


A kilo-pixel imaging system for future space based far-infrared observatories using microwave kinetic inductance detectors
journal, May 2017


Detecting ultralight bosonic dark matter via absorption in superconductors
journal, July 2016


Calculations for cosmic axion detection
journal, October 1985


Ultrasensitive hot-electron nanobolometers for terahertz astrophysics
journal, July 2008

  • Wei, Jian; Olaya, David; Karasik, Boris S.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 3, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2008.173

Detection of Zeptojoule Microwave Pulses Using Electrothermal Feedback in Proximity-Induced Josephson Junctions
journal, July 2016


Demonstration of high optical sensitivity in far-infrared hot-electron bolometer
journal, May 2011

  • Karasik, Boris S.; Cantor, Robin
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 98, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3589367

Performance of SAFARI Short-Wavelength-Band Transition Edge Sensors (TES) Fabricated by Deep Reactive Ion Etching
journal, March 2014

  • Suzuki, T.; Khosropanah, P.; Hijmering, R. A.
  • IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, Vol. 4, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/TTHZ.2014.2298376

Review of superconducting transition-edge sensors for x-ray and gamma-ray spectroscopy
journal, July 2015


Search for Invisible Axion Dark Matter with the Axion Dark Matter Experiment
journal, April 2018


Fluctuations in the electron system of a superconductor exposed to a photon flux
journal, February 2014

  • de Visser, P. J.; Baselmans, J. J. A.; Bueno, J.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4130

Single photon detection of 1.5 THz radiation with the quantum capacitance detector
journal, November 2017


Photon shot noise limited detection of terahertz radiation using a quantum capacitance detector
journal, July 2013

  • Echternach, P. M.; Stone, K. J.; Bradford, C. M.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4817585

A single-photon detector in the far-infrared range
journal, January 2000

  • Komiyama, S.; Astafiev, O.; Antonov, V.
  • Nature, Vol. 403, Issue 6768
  • DOI: 10.1038/35000166

Single-Photon Detectors in the Terahertz Range
journal, January 2011


Microwave nanobolometer based on proximity Josephson junctions
journal, August 2014


Lumped-element Josephson parametric amplifier at 650 MHz for nano-calorimeter readout
journal, June 2017

  • Vesterinen, Visa; Saira, Olli-Pentti; Räisänen, Ilmo
  • Superconductor Science and Technology, Vol. 30, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6668/aa73ed

Microwave Admittance of Gold-Palladium Nanowires with Proximity-Induced Superconductivity
journal, March 2017

  • Lake, Russell E.; Govenius, Joonas; Kokkoniemi, Roope
  • Advanced Electronic Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/aelm.201600227

Ultrasensitive proximity Josephson sensor with kinetic inductance readout
journal, April 2008

  • Giazotto, Francesco; Heikkilä, Tero T.; Pepe, Giovanni Piero
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2908922

A flux-driven Josephson parametric amplifier for sub-GHz frequencies fabricated with side-wall passivated spacer junction technology
journal, August 2018

  • Simbierowicz, Slawomir; Vesterinen, Visa; Grönberg, Leif
  • Superconductor Science and Technology, Vol. 31, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6668/aad4f2

Readout-power heating and hysteretic switching between thermal quasiparticle states in kinetic inductance detectors
journal, December 2010

  • de Visser, P. J.; Withington, S.; Goldie, D. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 108, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3517152

Thermal detectors as x‐ray spectrometers
journal, September 1984

  • Moseley, S. H.; Mather, J. C.; McCammon, D.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 56, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.334129

Double-slot antennas on extended hemispherical and elliptical silicon dielectric lenses
journal, January 1993

  • Filipovic, D. F.; Gearhart, S. S.; Rebeiz, G. M.
  • IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol. 41, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1109/22.247919

Passive three-colour submillimetre-wave video camera
conference, May 2013

  • Luukanen, Arttu; Kiuru, Tero; Leivo, Mikko M.
  • SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.2018038

A review of metal mesh filters
conference, June 2006

  • Ade, Peter A. R.; Pisano, Giampaolo; Tucker, Carole
  • SPIE Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.673162

Single microwave-photon detector using an artificial Λ-type three-level system
journal, July 2016

  • Inomata, Kunihiro; Lin, Zhirong; Koshino, Kazuki
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12303

Quantum non-demolition detection of an itinerant microwave photon
journal, March 2018


A broadband superconducting detector suitable for use in large arrays
journal, October 2003

  • Day, Peter K.; LeDuc, Henry G.; Mazin, Benjamin A.
  • Nature, Vol. 425, Issue 6960
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02037

Frequency multiplexed superconducting quantum interference device readout of large bolometer arrays for cosmic microwave background measurements
journal, July 2012

  • Dobbs, M. A.; Lueker, M.; Aird, K. A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4737629

Opportunities for mesoscopics in thermometry and refrigeration: Physics and applications
journal, March 2006

  • Giazotto, Francesco; Heikkilä, Tero T.; Luukanen, Arttu
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 78, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.78.217