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Title: Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power

Abstract

Since the introduction of bolometers more than a century ago, they have been used in various applications ranging from chemical sensors, consumer electronics, and security to particle physics and astronomy. However, faster bolometers with lower noise are of great interest from the fundamental point of view and to find new use-cases for this versatile concept. We demonstrate a nanobolometer that exhibits roughly an order of magnitude lower noise equivalent power, 20 zW / $$\sqrt{Hz}$$, than previously reported for any bolometer. Importantly, it is more than an order of magnitude faster than other low-noise bolometers, with a time con- stant of 30 μs at 60 zW / $$\sqrt{Hz}$$. These results suggest a calorimetric energy resolution of 0.3 zJ = h × 0.4 THz with a time constant of 30 μs. Further development of this nanobolometer may render it a promising candidate for future applications requiring extremely low noise and high speed such as those in quantum technology and terahertz photon counting.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2];  [4]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Aalto Univ. (Finland)
  2. Aalto Univ. (Finland); VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, QTF Centre of Excellence (Finland)
  3. Aalto Univ. (Finland); National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, CO (United States)
  4. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (SC-21)
OSTI Identifier:
1580262
Report Number(s):
BNL-212425-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2399-3650
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Communications Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2399-3650
Publisher:
Springer Nature
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Kokkoniemi, Roope, Govenius, Joonas, Vesterinen, Visa, Lake, Russell E., Gunyhó, András M., Tan, Kuan Y., Simbierowicz, Slawomir, Grönberg, Leif, Lehtinen, Janne, Prunnila, Mika, Hassel, Juha, Lamminen, Antti, Saira, Olli-Pentti, and Möttönen, Mikko. Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s42005-019-0225-6.
Kokkoniemi, Roope, Govenius, Joonas, Vesterinen, Visa, Lake, Russell E., Gunyhó, András M., Tan, Kuan Y., Simbierowicz, Slawomir, Grönberg, Leif, Lehtinen, Janne, Prunnila, Mika, Hassel, Juha, Lamminen, Antti, Saira, Olli-Pentti, & Möttönen, Mikko. Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power. United States. doi:10.1038/s42005-019-0225-6.
Kokkoniemi, Roope, Govenius, Joonas, Vesterinen, Visa, Lake, Russell E., Gunyhó, András M., Tan, Kuan Y., Simbierowicz, Slawomir, Grönberg, Leif, Lehtinen, Janne, Prunnila, Mika, Hassel, Juha, Lamminen, Antti, Saira, Olli-Pentti, and Möttönen, Mikko. Fri . "Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power". United States. doi:10.1038/s42005-019-0225-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1580262.
@article{osti_1580262,
title = {Nanobolometer with ultralow noise equivalent power},
author = {Kokkoniemi, Roope and Govenius, Joonas and Vesterinen, Visa and Lake, Russell E. and Gunyhó, András M. and Tan, Kuan Y. and Simbierowicz, Slawomir and Grönberg, Leif and Lehtinen, Janne and Prunnila, Mika and Hassel, Juha and Lamminen, Antti and Saira, Olli-Pentti and Möttönen, Mikko},
abstractNote = {Since the introduction of bolometers more than a century ago, they have been used in various applications ranging from chemical sensors, consumer electronics, and security to particle physics and astronomy. However, faster bolometers with lower noise are of great interest from the fundamental point of view and to find new use-cases for this versatile concept. We demonstrate a nanobolometer that exhibits roughly an order of magnitude lower noise equivalent power, 20 zW / $\sqrt{Hz}$, than previously reported for any bolometer. Importantly, it is more than an order of magnitude faster than other low-noise bolometers, with a time con- stant of 30 μs at 60 zW / $\sqrt{Hz}$. These results suggest a calorimetric energy resolution of 0.3 zJ = h × 0.4 THz with a time constant of 30 μs. Further development of this nanobolometer may render it a promising candidate for future applications requiring extremely low noise and high speed such as those in quantum technology and terahertz photon counting.},
doi = {10.1038/s42005-019-0225-6},
journal = {Communications Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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