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Title: Is Contact Nucleation Caused by Pressure Perturbation?

Abstract

The reason why ice nucleation is more efficient by contact nucleation than by immersion nucleation has been elusive for over half a century. Six proposed mechanisms are summarized in this study. Among them, the pressure perturbation hypothesis, which arose from recent experiments, can qualitatively explain nearly all existing results relevant to contact nucleation. To explore the plausibility of this hypothesis in a more quantitative fashion and to guide future investigations, this study assessed the magnitude of pressure perturbation needed to cause contact nucleation and the associated spatial scales. The pressure perturbations needed were estimated using measured contact nucleation efficiencies for illite and kaolinite, obtained from previous experiments, and immersion freezing temperatures, obtained from well-established parameterizations. Pressure perturbations were obtained by assuming a constant pressure perturbation or a Gaussian distribution of the pressure perturbation. The magnitudes of the pressure perturbations needed were found to be physically reasonable, being achievable through possible mechanisms, including bubble formation and breakup, Laplace pressure arising from the distorted contact line, and shear. The pressure perturbation hypothesis provides a physically based and experimentally constrainable foundation for parameterizing contact nucleation that may be useful in future cloud-resolving models.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1580261
Report Number(s):
BNL-212423-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4433; ATMOCZ
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; SC0018931
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmosphere (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmosphere (Basel); Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-4433
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ice nucleation; contact nucleation; pressure perturbation

Citation Formats

Yang, Fan, Cantrell, Will H., Kostinski, Alexander B., Shaw, Raymond A., and Vogelmann, Andrew M. Is Contact Nucleation Caused by Pressure Perturbation?. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/atmos11010001.
Yang, Fan, Cantrell, Will H., Kostinski, Alexander B., Shaw, Raymond A., & Vogelmann, Andrew M. Is Contact Nucleation Caused by Pressure Perturbation?. United States. doi:10.3390/atmos11010001.
Yang, Fan, Cantrell, Will H., Kostinski, Alexander B., Shaw, Raymond A., and Vogelmann, Andrew M. Wed . "Is Contact Nucleation Caused by Pressure Perturbation?". United States. doi:10.3390/atmos11010001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1580261.
@article{osti_1580261,
title = {Is Contact Nucleation Caused by Pressure Perturbation?},
author = {Yang, Fan and Cantrell, Will H. and Kostinski, Alexander B. and Shaw, Raymond A. and Vogelmann, Andrew M.},
abstractNote = {The reason why ice nucleation is more efficient by contact nucleation than by immersion nucleation has been elusive for over half a century. Six proposed mechanisms are summarized in this study. Among them, the pressure perturbation hypothesis, which arose from recent experiments, can qualitatively explain nearly all existing results relevant to contact nucleation. To explore the plausibility of this hypothesis in a more quantitative fashion and to guide future investigations, this study assessed the magnitude of pressure perturbation needed to cause contact nucleation and the associated spatial scales. The pressure perturbations needed were estimated using measured contact nucleation efficiencies for illite and kaolinite, obtained from previous experiments, and immersion freezing temperatures, obtained from well-established parameterizations. Pressure perturbations were obtained by assuming a constant pressure perturbation or a Gaussian distribution of the pressure perturbation. The magnitudes of the pressure perturbations needed were found to be physically reasonable, being achievable through possible mechanisms, including bubble formation and breakup, Laplace pressure arising from the distorted contact line, and shear. The pressure perturbation hypothesis provides a physically based and experimentally constrainable foundation for parameterizing contact nucleation that may be useful in future cloud-resolving models.},
doi = {10.3390/atmos11010001},
journal = {Atmosphere (Basel)},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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