skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on November 28, 2020

Title: Visualizing quantum phenomena at complex oxide interfaces: An atomic view from scanning transmission electron microscopy

Abstract

Complex oxide interfaces have been one of the central focuses in condensed matter physics and material science. Over the past decade, aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and spectroscopy has proven to be invaluable to visualize and understand the emerging quantum phenomena at an interface. In this paper, we briefly review some recent progress in the utilization of electron microscopy to probe interfaces. Furthermore, we discuss several important challenges for electron microscopy to advance our understanding on interface phenomena, from the perspective of variable temperature, magnetism, electron energy loss spectroscopy analysis, electronic symmetry, and defects probing.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [2];  [2]
  1. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China)
  2. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)
  3. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1580241
Report Number(s):
BNL-212471-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2095-0462
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; 19ZR1402800; 18JC1411400
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers of Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 15; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2095-0462
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; complex oxide interfaces; scanning transmission electron microscopy; electron energy loss spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Guo, Hangwen, Saghayezhian, Mohammad, Wang, Zhen, Zhu, Yimei, Zhang, Jiandi, and Plummer, Ward. Visualizing quantum phenomena at complex oxide interfaces: An atomic view from scanning transmission electron microscopy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s11467-019-0942-z.
Guo, Hangwen, Saghayezhian, Mohammad, Wang, Zhen, Zhu, Yimei, Zhang, Jiandi, & Plummer, Ward. Visualizing quantum phenomena at complex oxide interfaces: An atomic view from scanning transmission electron microscopy. United States. doi:10.1007/s11467-019-0942-z.
Guo, Hangwen, Saghayezhian, Mohammad, Wang, Zhen, Zhu, Yimei, Zhang, Jiandi, and Plummer, Ward. Thu . "Visualizing quantum phenomena at complex oxide interfaces: An atomic view from scanning transmission electron microscopy". United States. doi:10.1007/s11467-019-0942-z.
@article{osti_1580241,
title = {Visualizing quantum phenomena at complex oxide interfaces: An atomic view from scanning transmission electron microscopy},
author = {Guo, Hangwen and Saghayezhian, Mohammad and Wang, Zhen and Zhu, Yimei and Zhang, Jiandi and Plummer, Ward},
abstractNote = {Complex oxide interfaces have been one of the central focuses in condensed matter physics and material science. Over the past decade, aberration corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy and spectroscopy has proven to be invaluable to visualize and understand the emerging quantum phenomena at an interface. In this paper, we briefly review some recent progress in the utilization of electron microscopy to probe interfaces. Furthermore, we discuss several important challenges for electron microscopy to advance our understanding on interface phenomena, from the perspective of variable temperature, magnetism, electron energy loss spectroscopy analysis, electronic symmetry, and defects probing.},
doi = {10.1007/s11467-019-0942-z},
journal = {Frontiers of Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 15,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on November 28, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Emergent phenomena at oxide interfaces
journal, January 2012

  • Hwang, H. Y.; Iwasa, Y.; Kawasaki, M.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3223

Whither the oxide interface
journal, January 2012

  • Chakhalian, J.; Millis, A. J.; Rondinelli, J.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3225

Oxide Interfaces--An Opportunity for Electronics
journal, March 2010


Ultrathin oxide films and interfaces for electronics and spintronics
journal, February 2011


Interface Physics in Complex Oxide Heterostructures
journal, March 2011


Ultrathin Limit of Exchange Bias Coupling at Oxide Multiferroic/Ferromagnetic Interfaces
journal, July 2013


Reversible electric control of exchange bias in a multiferroic field-effect device
journal, July 2010

  • Wu, S. M.; Cybart, Shane A.; Yu, P.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2803

Exchange bias in LaNiO3–LaMnO3 superlattices
journal, January 2012

  • Gibert, Marta; Zubko, Pavlo; Scherwitzl, Raoul
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3224

Oxide Nanoelectronics on Demand
journal, February 2009


A high-mobility electron gas at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterointerface
journal, January 2004


Tunable Quasi-Two-Dimensional Electron Gases in Oxide Heterostructures
journal, September 2006


Superconducting Interfaces Between Insulating Oxides
journal, August 2007


Orbital Reconstruction and the Two-Dimensional Electron Gas at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 Interface
journal, April 2009


Orbital Reconstruction and Covalent Bonding at an Oxide Interface
journal, November 2007


Magnetoelectric Effects in Complex Oxides with Competing Ground States
journal, September 2009

  • Molegraaf, Hajo J. A.; Hoffman, Jason; Vaz, Carlos A. F.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 21, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200900278

Magnetoelectric Coupling Effects in Multiferroic Complex Oxide Composite Structures
journal, April 2010

  • Vaz, Carlos A. F.; Hoffman, Jason; Ahn, Charles H.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 22, Issue 26-27
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.200904326

Multiferroic and magnetoelectric materials
journal, August 2006

  • Eerenstein, W.; Mathur, N. D.; Scott, J. F.
  • Nature, Vol. 442, Issue 7104
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature05023

Multiferroic materials and magnetoelectric physics: symmetry, entanglement, excitation, and topology
journal, November 2015


Nobel Lecture: Quasielectric fields and band offsets: teaching electrons new tricks
journal, October 2001


Deposition of complex multielemental thin films
journal, October 2004


Growth diagram of La 0.7 Sr 0.3 MnO 3 thin films using pulsed laser deposition
journal, June 2013

  • Guo, Hangwen; Sun, Dali; Wang, Wenbin
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4811187

Materials Characterization in the Aberration-Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope
journal, August 2005


Electron energy-loss spectroscopy in the TEM
journal, December 2008


Fundamentals of electron energy-loss spectroscopy
journal, February 2016


Engineered Mott ground state in a LaTiO3+δ/LaNiO3 heterostructure
journal, January 2016

  • Cao, Yanwei; Liu, Xiaoran; Kareev, M.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10418

Insight into spin transport in oxide heterostructures from interface-resolved magnetic mapping
journal, February 2015

  • Bruno, F. Y.; Grisolia, M. N.; Visani, C.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7306

Correlating interfacial octahedral rotations with magnetism in (LaMnO3+δ)N/(SrTiO3)N superlattices
journal, July 2014

  • Zhai, Xiaofang; Cheng, Long; Liu, Yang
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5283

Polar asymmetry of La (1− δ ) Al (1+ δ ) O 3 /SrTiO 3 heterostructures probed by optical second harmonic generation
journal, September 2015

  • Rubano, Andrea; De Luca, Gabriele; Schubert, Jürgen
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 107, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4930881

Polarity compensation in ultra-thin films of complex oxides: The case of a perovskite nickelate
journal, October 2014

  • Middey, S.; Rivero, P.; Meyers, D.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep06819

Aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy: from atomic imaging and analysis to solving energy problems
journal, September 2009

  • Pennycook, S. J.; Chisholm, M. F.; Lupini, A. R.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 367, Issue 1903
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2009.0112

Study of strain fields at a-Si/c-Si interface
journal, April 2004

  • Yu, Zhiheng; Muller, David A.; Silcox, John
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 95, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1649463

Atomic-resolution defect contrast in low angle annular dark-field STEM
journal, May 2012


Sub-Ångstrom electric field measurements on a universal detector in a scanning transmission electron microscope
journal, August 2018

  • Hachtel, Jordan A.; Idrobo, Juan Carlos; Chi, Miaofang
  • Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1186/s40679-018-0059-4

Observation of room-temperature polar skyrmions
journal, April 2019


The physics of manganites: Structure and transport
journal, August 2001


Structure, physical properties, and applications of SrRuO 3 thin films
journal, March 2012


Large nonlinear dielectric properties of artificial BaTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices
journal, May 2002

  • Kim, Juho; Kim, Youngnam; Kim, Young Sung
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 80, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1477934

Tolerance Factor and Cation-Anion Orbital Interactions Differentiating the Polar and Antiferrodistortive Structures of Perovskite Oxides AB O 3 : The Polar and Antiferrodistortive Structures of Perovskite Oxides
journal, April 2015

  • Whangbo, Myung-Hwan; Gordon, Elijah E.; Bettis, Jerry L.
  • Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Vol. 641, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/zaac.201500058

Competing Structural Instabilities in Cubic Perovskites
journal, March 1995


Control of octahedral connectivity in perovskite oxide heterostructures: An emerging route to multifunctional materials discovery
journal, March 2012

  • Rondinelli, James M.; May, Steven J.; Freeland, John W.
  • MRS Bulletin, Vol. 37, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1557/mrs.2012.49

A strong ferroelectric ferromagnet created by means of spin–lattice coupling
journal, August 2010

  • Lee, June Hyuk; Fang, Lei; Vlahos, Eftihia
  • Nature, Vol. 466, Issue 7309
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09331

Controlled lateral anisotropy in correlated manganite heterostructures by interface-engineered oxygen octahedral coupling
journal, March 2016

  • Liao, Z.; Huijben, M.; Zhong, Z.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4579

Chemical ordering suppresses large-scale electronic phase separation in doped manganites
journal, April 2016

  • Zhu, Yinyan; Du, Kai; Niu, Jiebin
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11260

Atomically engineered ferroic layers yield a room-temperature magnetoelectric multiferroic
journal, September 2016

  • Mundy, Julia A.; Brooks, Charles M.; Holtz, Megan E.
  • Nature, Vol. 537, Issue 7621
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature19343

Artificial two-dimensional polar metal at room temperature
journal, April 2018


Why some interfaces cannot be sharp
journal, January 2006

  • Nakagawa, Naoyuki; Hwang, Harold Y.; Muller, David A.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 3, p. 204-209
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1569

Visualizing the interfacial evolution from charge compensation to metallic screening across the manganite metal–insulator transition
journal, March 2014

  • Mundy, Julia A.; Hikita, Yasuyuki; Hidaka, Takeaki
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4464

Interfacial Control of Magnetic Properties at LaMnO 3 /LaNiO 3 Interfaces
journal, October 2015


Polarization screening-induced magnetic phase gradients at complex oxide interfaces
journal, April 2015

  • Spurgeon, Steven R.; Balachandran, Prasanna V.; Kepaptsoglou, Despoina M.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7735

Dynamic layer rearrangement during growth of layered oxide films by molecular beam epitaxy
journal, August 2014

  • Lee, J. H.; Luo, G.; Tung, I. C.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4039

Asymmetric interface profiles in LaVO3∕SrTiO3 heterostructures grown by pulsed laser deposition
journal, October 2007

  • Kourkoutis, L. Fitting; Muller, D. A.; Hotta, Y.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 91, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2798060

LaAlO3 stoichiometry is key to electron liquid formation at LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces
journal, August 2013

  • Warusawithana, M. P.; Richter, C.; Mundy, J. A.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3351

Profiling the Interface Electron Gas of LaAlO 3 / SrTiO 3 Heterostructures with Hard X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy
journal, April 2009


Direct imaging of the coexistence of ferromagnetism and superconductivity at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interface
journal, September 2011

  • Bert, Julie A.; Kalisky, Beena; Bell, Christopher
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 10, p. 767-771
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2079

Polarity-induced oxygen vacancies at LaAlO 3 SrTiO 3 interfaces
journal, October 2010


Ultrathin limit and dead-layer effects in local polarization switching of BiFeO 3
journal, January 2012


Critical thickness for itinerant ferromagnetism in ultrathin films of SrRuO 3
journal, April 2009


Critical thickness and orbital ordering in ultrathin La 0.7 Sr 0.3 MnO 3 films
journal, September 2008


Critical thickness for ferroelectricity in perovskite ultrathin films
journal, April 2003

  • Junquera, Javier; Ghosez, Philippe
  • Nature, Vol. 422, Issue 6931, p. 506-509
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature01501

Origin of the metal-insulator transition in ultrathin films of L a 2 / 3 S r 2 / 3 Mn O 3
journal, September 2015


Superconductivity above 100 K in single-layer FeSe films on doped SrTiO3
journal, November 2014

  • Ge, Jian-Feng; Liu, Zhi-Long; Liu, Canhua
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4153

Direct imaging of electron transfer and its influence on superconducting pairing at FeSe/SrTiO 3 interface
journal, March 2018


Direct observation of ferroelectric field effect and vacancy-controlled screening at the BiFeO3/LaxSr1−xMnO3 interface
journal, August 2014

  • Kim, Young-Min; Morozovska, Anna; Eliseev, Eugene
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 13, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4058

Hybridization-controlled charge transfer and induced magnetism at correlated oxide interfaces
journal, January 2016

  • Grisolia, M. N.; Varignon, J.; Sanchez-Santolino, G.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3627

Insulator-metal transition induced by interlayer coupling in La 0.6 Sr 0.4 MnO 3 / SrTiO 3 superlattices
journal, July 2001


Microscopic model for the ferroelectric field effect in oxide heterostructures
journal, October 2011


Tunneling Electroresistance Induced by Interfacial Phase Transitions in Ultrathin Oxide Heterostructures
journal, November 2013

  • Jiang, Lu; Choi, Woo Seok; Jeen, Hyoungjeen
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 13, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl4025598

Isostructural metal-insulator transition in VO 2
journal, November 2018


Aberration-Corrected STEM/EELS at Cryogenic Temperatures
journal, July 2017

  • Kourkoutis, Lena F.; El Baggari, Ismail; Savitzky, Benjamin H.
  • Microscopy and Microanalysis, Vol. 23, Issue S1
  • DOI: 10.1017/S1431927617002823

Nature and evolution of incommensurate charge order in manganites visualized with cryogenic scanning transmission electron microscopy
journal, January 2018

  • El Baggari, Ismail; Savitzky, Benjamin H.; Admasu, Alemayehu S.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 115, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1714901115

Direct Electron Detection for Atomic Resolution in situ EELS
journal, August 2018

  • Goodge, Berit H.; Baek, David J.; Kourkoutis, Lena F.
  • Microscopy and Microanalysis, Vol. 24, Issue S1
  • DOI: 10.1017/S1431927618009704

Magnetic effects at the interface between non-magnetic oxides
journal, June 2007

  • Brinkman, A.; Huijben, M.; van Zalk, M.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 7, p. 493-496
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1931

Ferroelectrically tunable magnetic skyrmions in ultrathin oxide heterostructures
journal, November 2018


Interface-driven topological Hall effect in SrRuO 3 -SrIrO 3 bilayer
journal, July 2016


Interface-induced phenomena in magnetism
journal, June 2017


Direct Determination of Atomic Structure and Magnetic Coupling of Magnetite Twin Boundaries
journal, February 2018


Quantitative experimental determination of site-specific magnetic structures by transmitted electrons
journal, January 2013

  • Wang, Z. Q.; Zhong, X. Y.; Yu, R.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2323

Detection of magnetic circular dichroism using a transmission electron microscope
journal, May 2006

  • Schattschneider, P.; Rubino, S.; Hébert, C.
  • Nature, Vol. 441, Issue 7092
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04778

Atomic scale imaging of magnetic circular dichroism by achromatic electron microscopy
journal, February 2018


Real-space observation of a two-dimensional skyrmion crystal
journal, June 2010


Synthesis of freestanding single-crystal perovskite films and heterostructures by etching of sacrificial water-soluble layers
journal, September 2016

  • Lu, Di; Baek, David J.; Hong, Seung Sae
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4749

Atomic-resolution imaging of oxidation states in manganites
journal, February 2009


Orbital-Occupancy versus Charge Ordering and the Strength of Electron Correlations in Electron-Doped CaMnO 3
journal, July 2007


Charge, orbital, and magnetic ordering in La 0.5 Ca 0.5 MnO 3 s
journal, February 1997


Influence of oxygen content on the structural, magnetotransport, and magnetic properties of LaMnO 3 + δ
journal, October 1997


Atomic-scale determination of spontaneous magnetic reversal in oxide heterostructures
journal, May 2019

  • Saghayezhian, M.; Kouser, Summayya; Wang, Zhen
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 116, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1819570116

Structural “ δ Doping” to Control Local Magnetization in Isovalent Oxide Heterostructures
journal, November 2017


Misfit strain accommodation in epitaxial A B O 3 perovskites: Lattice rotations and lattice modulations
journal, February 2011


Grain boundaries in high-Tc superconductors
journal, May 2002


Functional Ion Defects in Transition Metal Oxides
journal, August 2013


Morphology, structure, and nucleation of out-of-phase boundaries (OPBs) in epitaxial films of layered oxides
journal, June 2007

  • Zurbuchen, M. A.; Tian, W.; Pan, X. Q.
  • Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 22, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1557/JMR.2007.0198

Characterization of anti-phase boundaries in epitaxial magnetite films
journal, November 2003

  • Celotto, S.; Eerenstein, W.; Hibma, T.
  • The European Physical Journal B - Condensed Matter, Vol. 36, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2003-00344-7

Magnetism and magnetotransport in symmetry matched spinels: Fe 3 O 4 /MgAl 2 O 4
journal, May 2013

  • Gilks, D.; Lari, L.; Cai, Z.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4800690

A New Line Defect in NdTiO 3 Perovskite
journal, October 2016


Probing oxygen vacancy concentration and homogeneity in solid-oxide fuel-cell cathode materials on the subunit-cell level
journal, August 2012

  • Kim, Young-Min; He, Jun; Biegalski, Michael D.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3393

Grain-boundary constraint and oxygen deficiency in YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7−δ : Application of the coincidence site lattice model to a non-cubic system
journal, December 1994


Atomic-scale imaging of nanoengineered oxygen vacancy profiles in SrTiO3
journal, August 2004

  • Muller, David A.; Nakagawa, Naoyuki; Ohtomo, Akira
  • Nature, Vol. 430, Issue 7000
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02756

Towards sub-10 meV energy resolution STEM-EELS
journal, June 2014