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Title: Quantum frequency combs and Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometry: the role of spectral phase coherence

Abstract

The Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometer is a versatile tool for analyzing the joint properties of photon pairs, relying on a truly quantum interference effect between two-photon probability amplitudes. While the theory behind this form of two-photon interferometry is well established, the development of advanced photon sources and exotic two-photon states has highlighted the importance of quantifying precisely what information can and cannot be inferred from features in a Hong–Ou–Mandel interference trace. Here we examine Hong–Ou–Mandel interference with regard to a particular class of states, so-called quantum frequency combs, and place special emphasis on the role spectral phase plays in these measurements. We find that this form of two-photon interferometry is insensitive to the relative phase between different comb line pairs. This is true even when different comb line pairs are mutually coherent at the input of a Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometer and the fringe patterns display sharp temporal features. Consequently, Hong–Ou–Mandel interference cannot speak to the presence of high-dimensional frequency-bin entanglement in two-photon quantum frequency combs.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States). School of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Purdue Quantum Science and Engineering Inst.
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1580144
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1606874
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Optics Express
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 26; Journal ID: ISSN 1094-4087
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Lingaraju, Navin B., Lu, Hsuan-Hao, Seshadri, Suparna, Imany, Poolad, Leaird, Daniel E., Lukens, Joseph M., and Weiner, Andrew M. Quantum frequency combs and Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometry: the role of spectral phase coherence. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1364/OE.379749.
Lingaraju, Navin B., Lu, Hsuan-Hao, Seshadri, Suparna, Imany, Poolad, Leaird, Daniel E., Lukens, Joseph M., & Weiner, Andrew M. Quantum frequency combs and Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometry: the role of spectral phase coherence. United States. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.379749
Lingaraju, Navin B., Lu, Hsuan-Hao, Seshadri, Suparna, Imany, Poolad, Leaird, Daniel E., Lukens, Joseph M., and Weiner, Andrew M. Fri . "Quantum frequency combs and Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometry: the role of spectral phase coherence". United States. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.379749.
@article{osti_1580144,
title = {Quantum frequency combs and Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometry: the role of spectral phase coherence},
author = {Lingaraju, Navin B. and Lu, Hsuan-Hao and Seshadri, Suparna and Imany, Poolad and Leaird, Daniel E. and Lukens, Joseph M. and Weiner, Andrew M.},
abstractNote = {The Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometer is a versatile tool for analyzing the joint properties of photon pairs, relying on a truly quantum interference effect between two-photon probability amplitudes. While the theory behind this form of two-photon interferometry is well established, the development of advanced photon sources and exotic two-photon states has highlighted the importance of quantifying precisely what information can and cannot be inferred from features in a Hong–Ou–Mandel interference trace. Here we examine Hong–Ou–Mandel interference with regard to a particular class of states, so-called quantum frequency combs, and place special emphasis on the role spectral phase plays in these measurements. We find that this form of two-photon interferometry is insensitive to the relative phase between different comb line pairs. This is true even when different comb line pairs are mutually coherent at the input of a Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometer and the fringe patterns display sharp temporal features. Consequently, Hong–Ou–Mandel interference cannot speak to the presence of high-dimensional frequency-bin entanglement in two-photon quantum frequency combs.},
doi = {10.1364/OE.379749},
journal = {Optics Express},
number = 26,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.379749

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Cited by: 16 works
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