skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Arctic Soil Governs Whether Climate Change Drives Global Losses or Gains in Soil Carbon

 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Climate and Global Dynamics LaboratoryNational Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder CO USA, Institute of Arctic and Alpine ResearchUniversity of Colorado Boulder Boulder CO USA
  2. Climate Change Science Institute and Environmental Sciences DivisionOak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge TN USA
  3. Climate and Global Dynamics LaboratoryNational Center for Atmospheric Research Boulder CO USA, Natural Resource Ecology LaboratoryColorado State University Fort Collins CO USA
  4. Earth Sciences DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley CA USA
  5. School of Forestry and Environmental StudiesYale University New Haven CT USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1580128
Grant/Contract Number:  
DE‐AC05‐00OR22725; TES DE‐SC0014374; BSS DE‐SC0016364 RUBISCO SFA
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Geophysical Research Letters; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Wieder, William R., Sulman, Benjamin N., Hartman, Melannie D., Koven, Charles D., and Bradford, Mark A. Arctic Soil Governs Whether Climate Change Drives Global Losses or Gains in Soil Carbon. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2019GL085543.
Wieder, William R., Sulman, Benjamin N., Hartman, Melannie D., Koven, Charles D., & Bradford, Mark A. Arctic Soil Governs Whether Climate Change Drives Global Losses or Gains in Soil Carbon. United States. doi:10.1029/2019GL085543.
Wieder, William R., Sulman, Benjamin N., Hartman, Melannie D., Koven, Charles D., and Bradford, Mark A. Thu . "Arctic Soil Governs Whether Climate Change Drives Global Losses or Gains in Soil Carbon". United States. doi:10.1029/2019GL085543.
title = {Arctic Soil Governs Whether Climate Change Drives Global Losses or Gains in Soil Carbon},
author = {Wieder, William R. and Sulman, Benjamin N. and Hartman, Melannie D. and Koven, Charles D. and Bradford, Mark A.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1029/2019GL085543},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1029/2019GL085543

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Permafrost carbon−climate feedback is sensitive to deep soil carbon decomposability but not deep soil nitrogen dynamics
journal, March 2015

  • Koven, Charles D.; Lawrence, David M.; Riley, William J.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1415123112

Multiple models and experiments underscore large uncertainty in soil carbon dynamics
journal, October 2018

  • Sulman, Benjamin N.; Moore, Jessica A. M.; Abramoff, Rose
  • Biogeochemistry, Vol. 141, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10533-018-0509-z

Temperature and soil organic matter decomposition rates - synthesis of current knowledge and a way forward
journal, August 2011

Stabilization of Soil Organic Matter: Association with Minerals or Chemical Recalcitrance?
journal, January 2006

Carbon dioxide sources from Alaska driven by increasing early winter respiration from Arctic tundra
journal, May 2017

  • Commane, Róisín; Lindaas, Jakob; Benmergui, Joshua
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1618567114

Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback
journal, April 2015

  • Schuur, E. A. G.; McGuire, A. D.; Schädel, C.
  • Nature, Vol. 520, Issue 7546
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14338

Mineral protection of soil carbon counteracted by root exudates
journal, March 2015

  • Keiluweit, Marco; Bougoure, Jeremy J.; Nico, Peter S.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 5, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2580

A global model of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycles for the terrestrial biosphere
journal, January 2010

Bacterial and Fungal Contributions to Carbon Sequestration in Agroecosystems
journal, January 2006

  • Six, J.; Frey, S. D.; Thiet, R. K.
  • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 70, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2004.0347

Dependence of the evolution of carbon dynamics in the northern permafrost region on the trajectory of climate change
journal, March 2018

  • McGuire, A. David; Lawrence, David M.; Koven, Charles
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 115, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1719903115

Feedbacks between plant N demand and rhizosphere priming depend on type of mycorrhizal association
journal, July 2017

  • Sulman, Benjamin N.; Brzostek, Edward R.; Medici, Chiara
  • Ecology Letters, Vol. 20, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1111/ele.12802

Predicting soil carbon loss with warming
journal, February 2018

  • van Gestel, Natasja; Shi, Zheng; van Groenigen, Kees Jan
  • Nature, Vol. 554, Issue 7693
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature25745

Soil carbon cycling proxies: Understanding their critical role in predicting climate change feedbacks
journal, November 2017

  • Bailey, Vanessa L.; Bond‐Lamberty, Ben; DeAngelis, Kristen
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13926

Calcium-mediated stabilisation of soil organic carbon
journal, December 2017

  • Rowley, Mike C.; Grand, Stéphanie; Verrecchia, Éric P.
  • Biogeochemistry, Vol. 137, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10533-017-0410-1

Surface exposure to sunlight stimulates CO 2 release from permafrost soil carbon in the Arctic
journal, February 2013

  • Cory, Rose M.; Crump, Byron C.; Dobkowski, Jason A.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1214104110

Quantifying global soil carbon losses in response to warming
journal, November 2016

  • Crowther, T. W.; Todd-Brown, K. E. O.; Rowe, C. W.
  • Nature, Vol. 540, Issue 7631
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature20150

Direct evidence for microbial-derived soil organic matter formation and its ecophysiological controls
journal, November 2016

  • Kallenbach, Cynthia M.; Frey, Serita D.; Grandy, A. Stuart
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13630

Higher climatological temperature sensitivity of soil carbon in cold than warm climates
journal, October 2017

  • Koven, Charles D.; Hugelius, Gustaf; Lawrence, David M.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 7, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3421

Global covariation of carbon turnover times with climate in terrestrial ecosystems
journal, September 2014

  • Carvalhais, Nuno; Forkel, Matthias; Khomik, Myroslava
  • Nature, Vol. 514, Issue 7521
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13731

Minerals in the rhizosphere: overlooked mediators of soil nitrogen availability to plants and microbes
journal, June 2018

  • Jilling, Andrea; Keiluweit, Marco; Contosta, Alexandra R.
  • Biogeochemistry, Vol. 139, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10533-018-0459-5

Metabolic Activity of Permafrost Bacteria below the Freezing Point
journal, August 2000

Persistence of soil organic matter as an ecosystem property
journal, October 2011

  • Schmidt, Michael W. I.; Torn, Margaret S.; Abiven, Samuel
  • Nature, Vol. 478, Issue 7367
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10386

Managing uncertainty in soil carbon feedbacks to climate change
journal, July 2016

  • Bradford, Mark A.; Wieder, William R.; Bonan, Gordon B.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3071

Contribution of sorption, DOC transport and microbial interactions to the 14C age of a soil organic carbon profile: Insights from a calibrated process model
journal, September 2015

Reducing uncertainty in projections of terrestrial carbon uptake
journal, April 2017

  • Lovenduski, Nicole S.; Bonan, Gordon B.
  • Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa66b8

Changes in soil organic carbon storage predicted by Earth system models during the 21st century
journal, January 2014

  • Todd-Brown, K. E. O.; Randerson, J. T.; Hopkins, F.
  • Biogeosciences, Vol. 11, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.5194/bg-11-2341-2014

Direct observation of permafrost degradation and rapid soil carbon loss in tundra
journal, July 2019

A moisture function of soil heterotrophic respiration that incorporates microscale processes
journal, July 2018

  • Yan, Zhifeng; Bond-Lamberty, Ben; Todd-Brown, Katherine E.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04971-6

Soil organic matter turnover is governed by accessibility not recalcitrance
journal, March 2012

Small-scale spatial patterns of soil organic carbon and nitrogen stocks in permafrost-affected soils of northern Siberia
journal, November 2018

Global soil carbon projections are improved by modelling microbial processes
journal, July 2013

  • Wieder, William R.; Bonan, Gordon B.; Allison, Steven D.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 3, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1951

Estimated stocks of circumpolar permafrost carbon with quantified uncertainty ranges and identified data gaps
journal, January 2014

The chemistry of pedogenic thresholds
journal, May 2001

Beyond clay: towards an improved set of variables for predicting soil organic matter content
journal, February 2018

Representing life in the Earth system with soil microbial functional traits in the MIMICS model
journal, January 2015

  • Wieder, W. R.; Grandy, A. S.; Kallenbach, C. M.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-8-1789-2015

A Procedure for Isolating Soil Organic Matter Fractions Suitable for Modeling
journal, January 2001

  • Sohi, Saran P.; Mahieu, Nathalie; Arah, Jonathan R. M.
  • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 65, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2001.6541121x

Hydrologic Impacts of Thawing Permafrost—A Review
journal, January 2016

Substrate limitations for heterotrophs: Implications for models that estimate the seasonal cycle of atmospheric CO 2
journal, December 1996

  • Randerson, James T.; Thompson, Matthew V.; Malmstrom, Carolyn M.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/96GB01981

Climate-driven thresholds in reactive mineral retention of soil carbon at the global scale
journal, November 2018

Uncertainties in CMIP5 Climate Projections due to Carbon Cycle Feedbacks
journal, January 2014

  • Friedlingstein, Pierre; Meinshausen, Malte; Arora, Vivek K.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 27, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00579.1

Sources of Uncertainty in Future Projections of the Carbon Cycle
journal, October 2016

  • Hewitt, Alan J.; Booth, Ben B. B.; Jones, Chris D.
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 29, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0161.1

Diagnosing Present and Future Permafrost from Climate Models
journal, August 2013

The contentious nature of soil organic matter
journal, November 2015

The Millennial model: in search of measurable pools and transformations for modeling soil carbon in the new century
journal, December 2017

Integrating microbial physiology and physio-chemical principles in soils with the MIcrobial-MIneral Carbon Stabilization (MIMICS) model
journal, January 2014

Causes of variation in soil carbon simulations from CMIP5 Earth system models and comparison with observations
journal, January 2013

  • Todd-Brown, K. E. O.; Randerson, J. T.; Post, W. M.
  • Biogeosciences, Vol. 10, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/bg-10-1717-2013

Temperature response of permafrost soil carbon is attenuated by mineral protection
journal, June 2018

  • Gentsch, Norman; Wild, Birgit; Mikutta, Robert
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 24, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.14316

Robustness and uncertainties in the new CMIP5 climate model projections
journal, October 2012

Microbial control over carbon cycling in soil
journal, January 2012

Permafrost soils and carbon cycling
journal, January 2015

Microbe-driven turnover offsets mineral-mediated storage of soil carbon under elevated CO2
journal, November 2014

  • Sulman, Benjamin N.; Phillips, Richard P.; Oishi, A. Christopher
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2436

Old soil carbon losses increase with ecosystem respiration in experimentally thawed tundra
journal, October 2015

  • Hicks Pries, Caitlin E.; Schuur, Edward A. G.; Natali, Susan M.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2830

The effect of vertically resolved soil biogeochemistry and alternate soil C and N models on C dynamics of CLM4
journal, January 2013

Terrestrial ecosystem production: A process model based on global satellite and surface data
journal, December 1993

  • Potter, Christopher S.; Randerson, James T.; Field, Christopher B.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 7, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/93GB02725

Controls on terrestrial carbon feedbacks by productivity versus turnover in the CMIP5 Earth System Models
journal, January 2015

Evaluating soil biogeochemistry parameterizations in Earth system models with observations: Soil Biogeochemistry in ESMs
journal, March 2014

  • Wieder, William R.; Boehnert, Jennifer; Bonan, Gordon B.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 28, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013GB004665

Changing permafrost in a warming world and feedbacks to the Earth system
journal, March 2016

Temperature controls of microbial respiration in arctic tundra soils above and below freezing
journal, November 2002

Radiocarbon and Soil Carbon Dynamics
journal, May 2009

SOM genesis: microbial biomass as a significant source
journal, October 2011

  • Miltner, Anja; Bombach, Petra; Schmidt-Brücken, Burkhard
  • Biogeochemistry, Vol. 111, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10533-011-9658-z

Molecular C dynamics downstream: The biochemical decomposition sequence and its impact on soil organic matter structure and function
journal, October 2008

Carbon cycle confidence and uncertainty: Exploring variation among soil biogeochemical models
journal, November 2017

  • Wieder, William R.; Hartman, Melannie D.; Sulman, Benjamin N.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 24, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13979