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Title: The potential for battery energy storage to provide peaking capacity in the United States

Abstract

Providing peaking capacity could be a significant U.S. market for energy storage. Of particular focus are batteries with 4-h duration due to rules in several regions along with these batteries' potential to achieve life-cycle cost parity with combustion turbines compared to longer-duration batteries. However, whether 4-h energy storage can provide peak capacity depends largely on the shape of electricity demand. Under historical grid conditions, beyond about 28 GW nationally the ability of 4-h batteries to provide peak capacity begins to fall. We find that the addition of renewable generation can significantly increase storage's potential by changing the shape of net demand patterns; for example, beyond about 10% penetration of solar photovoltaics, the national practical potential for 4-h storage to provide peak capacity doubles. Furthermore, the impact of wind generation is less clear and likely requires more detailed study considering the exchange of wind power across multiple regions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Strategic Programs, Policy and Analysis Office (EE-61P); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Wind and Water Technologies Office (EE-4W)
OSTI Identifier:
1580099
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-6A20-72649
Journal ID: ISSN 0960-1481
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Renewable Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Renewable Energy; Journal ID: ISSN 0960-1481
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; energy storage; peaking capacity; capacity credit; solar; wind; renewable energy; WMA

Citation Formats

Denholm, Paul, Nunemaker, Jacob, Gagnon, Pieter J., and Cole, Wesley J. The potential for battery energy storage to provide peaking capacity in the United States. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2019.11.117.
Denholm, Paul, Nunemaker, Jacob, Gagnon, Pieter J., & Cole, Wesley J. The potential for battery energy storage to provide peaking capacity in the United States. United States. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2019.11.117.
Denholm, Paul, Nunemaker, Jacob, Gagnon, Pieter J., and Cole, Wesley J. Mon . "The potential for battery energy storage to provide peaking capacity in the United States". United States. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2019.11.117.
@article{osti_1580099,
title = {The potential for battery energy storage to provide peaking capacity in the United States},
author = {Denholm, Paul and Nunemaker, Jacob and Gagnon, Pieter J. and Cole, Wesley J.},
abstractNote = {Providing peaking capacity could be a significant U.S. market for energy storage. Of particular focus are batteries with 4-h duration due to rules in several regions along with these batteries' potential to achieve life-cycle cost parity with combustion turbines compared to longer-duration batteries. However, whether 4-h energy storage can provide peak capacity depends largely on the shape of electricity demand. Under historical grid conditions, beyond about 28 GW nationally the ability of 4-h batteries to provide peak capacity begins to fall. We find that the addition of renewable generation can significantly increase storage's potential by changing the shape of net demand patterns; for example, beyond about 10% penetration of solar photovoltaics, the national practical potential for 4-h storage to provide peak capacity doubles. Furthermore, the impact of wind generation is less clear and likely requires more detailed study considering the exchange of wind power across multiple regions.},
doi = {10.1016/j.renene.2019.11.117},
journal = {Renewable Energy},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
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This content will become publicly available on November 25, 2020
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