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Title: Electrostrictive Cavitation in Water Induced by a SnO 2 Nanoparticle

Abstract

Cavitation phenomenon in dielectric fluids has been a recent topic of interest in theory and experiment. We study a dielectric fluid–nanoparticle system subjected to an external electric field using molecular dynamics simulations. Electric fields ranging from 0.042 to 0.25 V/Å are applied to a water and tin dioxide system. Cavitation is observed in simulations with both SPC/E water and the hydrogen bonding polarizable model. The cavitation onset time displays a stretched exponential relaxation response with respect to the applied electric field with an exponent β = 0.423 ± 0.08. This is in accordance with the exact theoretical value for systems with long-ranged forces. Cavity growth rates are divided into two phases, a spherical growth phase and a cylindrical one. Both are reported as a function of the applied electric field. The structure of the electric field is analyzed both spatially and temporally.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Scientific User Facilities Division; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1579968
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1580691
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018195; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Omega
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ACS Omega Journal Volume: 4 Journal Issue: 27; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-1343
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Jackson, Shane, Nakano, Aiichiro, Vashishta, Priya, and Kalia, Rajiv K. Electrostrictive Cavitation in Water Induced by a SnO 2 Nanoparticle. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b00979.
Jackson, Shane, Nakano, Aiichiro, Vashishta, Priya, & Kalia, Rajiv K. Electrostrictive Cavitation in Water Induced by a SnO 2 Nanoparticle. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b00979
Jackson, Shane, Nakano, Aiichiro, Vashishta, Priya, and Kalia, Rajiv K. Wed . "Electrostrictive Cavitation in Water Induced by a SnO 2 Nanoparticle". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b00979.
@article{osti_1579968,
title = {Electrostrictive Cavitation in Water Induced by a SnO 2 Nanoparticle},
author = {Jackson, Shane and Nakano, Aiichiro and Vashishta, Priya and Kalia, Rajiv K.},
abstractNote = {Cavitation phenomenon in dielectric fluids has been a recent topic of interest in theory and experiment. We study a dielectric fluid–nanoparticle system subjected to an external electric field using molecular dynamics simulations. Electric fields ranging from 0.042 to 0.25 V/Å are applied to a water and tin dioxide system. Cavitation is observed in simulations with both SPC/E water and the hydrogen bonding polarizable model. The cavitation onset time displays a stretched exponential relaxation response with respect to the applied electric field with an exponent β = 0.423 ± 0.08. This is in accordance with the exact theoretical value for systems with long-ranged forces. Cavity growth rates are divided into two phases, a spherical growth phase and a cylindrical one. Both are reported as a function of the applied electric field. The structure of the electric field is analyzed both spatially and temporally.},
doi = {10.1021/acsomega.9b00979},
journal = {ACS Omega},
number = 27,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b00979

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