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Title: Rapid luminosity decline and subsequent reformation of the innermost dust distribution in the changing-look AGN Mrk 590

Abstract

ABSTRACT We examine the long-term optical/near-infrared (NIR) flux variability of a ‘changing-look’ active galactic nucleus (AGN) Mrk 590 between 1998 and 2007. Multiband multi-epoch optical/NIR photometry data from the SDSS Stripe 82 data base and the Multicolor Active Galactic Nuclei Monitoring (MAGNUM) project reveal that Mrk 590 experienced a sudden luminosity decrease during the period from 2000 to 2001. Detection of dust reverberation lag signals between V- and K-band light curves obtained by the MAGNUM project during the faint state in 2003–2007 suggests that the dust torus innermost radius Rdust of Mrk 590 had become very small [Rdust ≃ 32 light-days (lt-days)] by the year 2004 according to the aforementioned significant decrease in AGN luminosity. The Rdust in the faint state is comparable to the H β broad-line region (BLR) radius of RH β, BLR ≃ 26 lt-days measured by previous reverberation mapping observations during the bright state of Mrk 590 in 1990–1996. These observations indicate that the innermost radius of the dust torus in Mrk 590 decreased rapidly after the AGN ultraviolet-optical luminosity drop, and that the replenishment time-scale of the innermost dust distribution is less than 4 yr, which is much shorter than the free fall time-scale of BLR gas or dust clouds. We suggest that rapid replenishmentmore » of the innermost dust distribution can be accomplished either by new dust formation in radiatively cooled BLR gas clouds or by new dust formation in the disc atmosphere and subsequent vertical wind from the dusty disc as a result of radiation pressure.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]
  1. Astronomical Institute, Tohoku University, 6-3 Aramak-Aza-Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578, Japan
  2. Institute of Astronomy, the University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015, Japan
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1579775
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Journal Volume: 491 Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Kokubo, Mitsuru, and Minezaki, Takeo. Rapid luminosity decline and subsequent reformation of the innermost dust distribution in the changing-look AGN Mrk 590. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz3397.
Kokubo, Mitsuru, & Minezaki, Takeo. Rapid luminosity decline and subsequent reformation of the innermost dust distribution in the changing-look AGN Mrk 590. United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz3397.
Kokubo, Mitsuru, and Minezaki, Takeo. Wed . "Rapid luminosity decline and subsequent reformation of the innermost dust distribution in the changing-look AGN Mrk 590". United Kingdom. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz3397.
@article{osti_1579775,
title = {Rapid luminosity decline and subsequent reformation of the innermost dust distribution in the changing-look AGN Mrk 590},
author = {Kokubo, Mitsuru and Minezaki, Takeo},
abstractNote = {ABSTRACT We examine the long-term optical/near-infrared (NIR) flux variability of a ‘changing-look’ active galactic nucleus (AGN) Mrk 590 between 1998 and 2007. Multiband multi-epoch optical/NIR photometry data from the SDSS Stripe 82 data base and the Multicolor Active Galactic Nuclei Monitoring (MAGNUM) project reveal that Mrk 590 experienced a sudden luminosity decrease during the period from 2000 to 2001. Detection of dust reverberation lag signals between V- and K-band light curves obtained by the MAGNUM project during the faint state in 2003–2007 suggests that the dust torus innermost radius Rdust of Mrk 590 had become very small [Rdust ≃ 32 light-days (lt-days)] by the year 2004 according to the aforementioned significant decrease in AGN luminosity. The Rdust in the faint state is comparable to the H β broad-line region (BLR) radius of RH β, BLR ≃ 26 lt-days measured by previous reverberation mapping observations during the bright state of Mrk 590 in 1990–1996. These observations indicate that the innermost radius of the dust torus in Mrk 590 decreased rapidly after the AGN ultraviolet-optical luminosity drop, and that the replenishment time-scale of the innermost dust distribution is less than 4 yr, which is much shorter than the free fall time-scale of BLR gas or dust clouds. We suggest that rapid replenishment of the innermost dust distribution can be accomplished either by new dust formation in radiatively cooled BLR gas clouds or by new dust formation in the disc atmosphere and subsequent vertical wind from the dusty disc as a result of radiation pressure.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz3397},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 4,
volume = 491,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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Central Masses and Broad‐Line Region Sizes of Active Galactic Nuclei. II. A Homogeneous Analysis of a Large Reverberation‐Mapping Database
journal, October 2004

  • Peterson, B. M.; Ferrarese, L.; Gilbert, K. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 613, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/423269

The Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-II Supernova Survey
journal, May 2018

  • Sako, Masao; Bassett, Bruce; Becker, Andrew C.
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 130, Issue 988
  • DOI: 10.1088/1538-3873/aab4e0

Light and motion in SDSS Stripe 82: the catalogues
journal, May 2008


Failed Radiatively Accelerated Dusty Outflow Model of the Broad Line Region in Active Galactic Nuclei. I. Analytical Solution
journal, September 2017