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Title: Voltage-gated optics and plasmonics enabled by solid-state proton pumping

Abstract

Devices with locally-addressable and dynamically tunable optical properties underpin emerging technologies such as high-resolution reflective displays and dynamic holography. The optical properties of metals such as Y and Mg can be reversibly switched by hydrogen loading, and hydrogen-switched mirrors and plasmonic devices have been realized, but challenges remain to achieve electrical, localized and reversible control. Here we report a nanoscale solid-state proton switch that allows for electrical control of optical properties through electrochemical hydrogen gating. We demonstrate the generality and versatility of this approach by realizing tunability of a range of device characteristics including transmittance, interference color, and plasmonic resonance. We further discover and exploit a giant modulation of the effective refractive index of the gate dielectric. The simple gate structure permits device thickness down to ~20 nanometers, which can enable device scaling into the deep subwavelength regime, and has potential applications in addressable plasmonic devices and reconfigurable metamaterials.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Singapore Univ. of Technology and Design (Singapore)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  5. Boston Univ., MA (United States)
  6. Singapore Univ. of Technology and Design (Singapore); A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research) (Singapore)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1579485
Report Number(s):
BNL-212373-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; DMR-1419807
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Huang, Mantao, Jun Tan, Aik, Büttner, Felix, Liu, Hailong, Ruan, Qifeng, Hu, Wen, Mazzoli, Claudio, Wilkins, Stuart, Duan, Chuanhua, Yang, Joel K. W., and Beach, Geoffrey S. D. Voltage-gated optics and plasmonics enabled by solid-state proton pumping. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13131-3.
Huang, Mantao, Jun Tan, Aik, Büttner, Felix, Liu, Hailong, Ruan, Qifeng, Hu, Wen, Mazzoli, Claudio, Wilkins, Stuart, Duan, Chuanhua, Yang, Joel K. W., & Beach, Geoffrey S. D. Voltage-gated optics and plasmonics enabled by solid-state proton pumping. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13131-3.
Huang, Mantao, Jun Tan, Aik, Büttner, Felix, Liu, Hailong, Ruan, Qifeng, Hu, Wen, Mazzoli, Claudio, Wilkins, Stuart, Duan, Chuanhua, Yang, Joel K. W., and Beach, Geoffrey S. D. Wed . "Voltage-gated optics and plasmonics enabled by solid-state proton pumping". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-13131-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1579485.
@article{osti_1579485,
title = {Voltage-gated optics and plasmonics enabled by solid-state proton pumping},
author = {Huang, Mantao and Jun Tan, Aik and Büttner, Felix and Liu, Hailong and Ruan, Qifeng and Hu, Wen and Mazzoli, Claudio and Wilkins, Stuart and Duan, Chuanhua and Yang, Joel K. W. and Beach, Geoffrey S. D.},
abstractNote = {Devices with locally-addressable and dynamically tunable optical properties underpin emerging technologies such as high-resolution reflective displays and dynamic holography. The optical properties of metals such as Y and Mg can be reversibly switched by hydrogen loading, and hydrogen-switched mirrors and plasmonic devices have been realized, but challenges remain to achieve electrical, localized and reversible control. Here we report a nanoscale solid-state proton switch that allows for electrical control of optical properties through electrochemical hydrogen gating. We demonstrate the generality and versatility of this approach by realizing tunability of a range of device characteristics including transmittance, interference color, and plasmonic resonance. We further discover and exploit a giant modulation of the effective refractive index of the gate dielectric. The simple gate structure permits device thickness down to ~20 nanometers, which can enable device scaling into the deep subwavelength regime, and has potential applications in addressable plasmonic devices and reconfigurable metamaterials.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-13131-3},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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