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Title: Imaging stress and magnetism at high pressures using a nanoscale quantum sensor

Abstract

Pressure alters the physical, chemical, and electronic properties of matter. The diamond anvil cell enables tabletop experiments to investigate a diverse landscape of high-pressure phenomena. Here, we introduce and use a nanoscale sensing platform that integrates nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers directly into the culet of diamond anvils. We demonstrate the versatility of this platform by performing diffraction-limited imaging of both stress fields and magnetism as a function of pressure and temperature. We quantify all normal and shear stress components and demonstrate vector magnetic field imaging, enabling measurement of the pressure-driven α ϵ phase transition in iron and the complex pressure-temperature phase diagram of gadolinium. A complementary NV-sensing modality using noise spectroscopy enables the characterization of phase transitions even in the absence of static magnetic signatures.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1579407
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Science Journal Volume: 366 Journal Issue: 6471; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Hsieh, S., Bhattacharyya, P., Zu, C., Mittiga, T., Smart, T. J., Machado, F., Kobrin, B., Höhn, T. O., Rui, N. Z., Kamrani, M., Chatterjee, S., Choi, S., Zaletel, M., Struzhkin, V. V., Moore, J. E., Levitas, V. I., Jeanloz, R., and Yao, N. Y. Imaging stress and magnetism at high pressures using a nanoscale quantum sensor. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aaw4352.
Hsieh, S., Bhattacharyya, P., Zu, C., Mittiga, T., Smart, T. J., Machado, F., Kobrin, B., Höhn, T. O., Rui, N. Z., Kamrani, M., Chatterjee, S., Choi, S., Zaletel, M., Struzhkin, V. V., Moore, J. E., Levitas, V. I., Jeanloz, R., & Yao, N. Y. Imaging stress and magnetism at high pressures using a nanoscale quantum sensor. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aaw4352.
Hsieh, S., Bhattacharyya, P., Zu, C., Mittiga, T., Smart, T. J., Machado, F., Kobrin, B., Höhn, T. O., Rui, N. Z., Kamrani, M., Chatterjee, S., Choi, S., Zaletel, M., Struzhkin, V. V., Moore, J. E., Levitas, V. I., Jeanloz, R., and Yao, N. Y. Thu . "Imaging stress and magnetism at high pressures using a nanoscale quantum sensor". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aaw4352.
@article{osti_1579407,
title = {Imaging stress and magnetism at high pressures using a nanoscale quantum sensor},
author = {Hsieh, S. and Bhattacharyya, P. and Zu, C. and Mittiga, T. and Smart, T. J. and Machado, F. and Kobrin, B. and Höhn, T. O. and Rui, N. Z. and Kamrani, M. and Chatterjee, S. and Choi, S. and Zaletel, M. and Struzhkin, V. V. and Moore, J. E. and Levitas, V. I. and Jeanloz, R. and Yao, N. Y.},
abstractNote = {Pressure alters the physical, chemical, and electronic properties of matter. The diamond anvil cell enables tabletop experiments to investigate a diverse landscape of high-pressure phenomena. Here, we introduce and use a nanoscale sensing platform that integrates nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color centers directly into the culet of diamond anvils. We demonstrate the versatility of this platform by performing diffraction-limited imaging of both stress fields and magnetism as a function of pressure and temperature. We quantify all normal and shear stress components and demonstrate vector magnetic field imaging, enabling measurement of the pressure-driven α ↔ ϵ phase transition in iron and the complex pressure-temperature phase diagram of gadolinium. A complementary NV-sensing modality using noise spectroscopy enables the characterization of phase transitions even in the absence of static magnetic signatures.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aaw4352},
journal = {Science},
number = 6471,
volume = 366,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw4352

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