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Title: Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerosol Observing Systems (AOS) for Surface-Based In Situ Atmospheric Aerosol and Trace Gas Measurements

Abstract

Aerosols alter Earth’s radiative budget both directly and indirectly through interaction with clouds. Continuous observations are required to reduce the uncertainties in climate models associated with atmospheric processing and the interactions between aerosols and clouds. Field observations of aerosols are a central component of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Facility’s global measurements. The ARM mission goal is to “provide the climate research community with strategically located in situ and remote sensing observatories designed to improve the understanding and representation, in climate and earth system models, of clouds and aerosols as well as their interactions and coupling with the Earth’s surface.” Since 1996, ARM has met this goal by operating Aerosol Observing Systems (AOS) for in situ measurement of aerosols. Currently the five ARM AOSs are the most comprehensive field deployable aerosol systems in the United States. The AOS suite includes seven measurement classes: number concentration, size distribution, chemical composition, radiative and optical properties, hygroscopicity, trace gases, and supporting meteorological conditions. AOSs are designed as standardized measurement platforms to enable intercomparison across the ARM Facility for regional process studies within a global context. The instrumentation and measurement capabilities of the ARM AOSs, along with a history of their design and fieldmore » deployments are presented here.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1];  [1]
  1. Environmental and Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York
  2. Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico
  3. Atmospheric Sciences and Global Change Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington
  4. Environmental and Climate Sciences Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York, Center for Aerosol Science and Engineering, Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER); USDOE Office of Science (SC). Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1577919
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1571399; OSTI ID: 1597764; OSTI ID: 1608683
Report Number(s):
BNL-212216-2019-JAAM; LA-UR-19-29684; PNNL-SA-149245
Journal ID: ISSN 0739-0572
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; 89233218CNA000001; AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology Journal Volume: 36 Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0739-0572
Publisher:
American Meteorological Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Earth Sciences; aerosol chemistry, black carbon, ambient, field, organic aerosol, optical properties

Citation Formats

Uin, Janek, Aiken, Allison C., Dubey, Manvendra K., Kuang, Chongai, Pekour, Mikhail, Salwen, Cynthia, Sedlacek, Arthur J., Senum, Gunnar, Smith, Scott, Wang, Jian, Watson, Thomas B., and Springston, Stephen R. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerosol Observing Systems (AOS) for Surface-Based In Situ Atmospheric Aerosol and Trace Gas Measurements. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-19-0077.1.
Uin, Janek, Aiken, Allison C., Dubey, Manvendra K., Kuang, Chongai, Pekour, Mikhail, Salwen, Cynthia, Sedlacek, Arthur J., Senum, Gunnar, Smith, Scott, Wang, Jian, Watson, Thomas B., & Springston, Stephen R. Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerosol Observing Systems (AOS) for Surface-Based In Situ Atmospheric Aerosol and Trace Gas Measurements. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-19-0077.1
Uin, Janek, Aiken, Allison C., Dubey, Manvendra K., Kuang, Chongai, Pekour, Mikhail, Salwen, Cynthia, Sedlacek, Arthur J., Senum, Gunnar, Smith, Scott, Wang, Jian, Watson, Thomas B., and Springston, Stephen R. Sun . "Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerosol Observing Systems (AOS) for Surface-Based In Situ Atmospheric Aerosol and Trace Gas Measurements". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-19-0077.1.
@article{osti_1577919,
title = {Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerosol Observing Systems (AOS) for Surface-Based In Situ Atmospheric Aerosol and Trace Gas Measurements},
author = {Uin, Janek and Aiken, Allison C. and Dubey, Manvendra K. and Kuang, Chongai and Pekour, Mikhail and Salwen, Cynthia and Sedlacek, Arthur J. and Senum, Gunnar and Smith, Scott and Wang, Jian and Watson, Thomas B. and Springston, Stephen R.},
abstractNote = {Aerosols alter Earth’s radiative budget both directly and indirectly through interaction with clouds. Continuous observations are required to reduce the uncertainties in climate models associated with atmospheric processing and the interactions between aerosols and clouds. Field observations of aerosols are a central component of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Facility’s global measurements. The ARM mission goal is to “provide the climate research community with strategically located in situ and remote sensing observatories designed to improve the understanding and representation, in climate and earth system models, of clouds and aerosols as well as their interactions and coupling with the Earth’s surface.” Since 1996, ARM has met this goal by operating Aerosol Observing Systems (AOS) for in situ measurement of aerosols. Currently the five ARM AOSs are the most comprehensive field deployable aerosol systems in the United States. The AOS suite includes seven measurement classes: number concentration, size distribution, chemical composition, radiative and optical properties, hygroscopicity, trace gases, and supporting meteorological conditions. AOSs are designed as standardized measurement platforms to enable intercomparison across the ARM Facility for regional process studies within a global context. The instrumentation and measurement capabilities of the ARM AOSs, along with a history of their design and field deployments are presented here.},
doi = {10.1175/JTECH-D-19-0077.1},
journal = {Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology},
number = 12,
volume = 36,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-19-0077.1

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Cited by: 1 work
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