skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Plasmonic Metamaterial Gels with Spatially Patterned Orientational Order via 3D Printing

Abstract

Optical properties can be programmed on mesoscopic scales by patterning host materials while ordering their nanoparticle inclusions. While liquid crystals are often used to define the ordering of nanoparticles dispersed within them, this approach is typically limited to liquid crystals confined in classic geometries. In this work, the orientational order that liquid crystalline colloidal hosts impose on anisotropic nanoparticle inclusions is combined with an additive manufacturing method that enables engineered, macroscopic three-dimensional (3D) patterns of co-aligned gold nanorods and cellulose nanocrystals. These gels exhibit polarization-dependent plasmonic properties that emerge from the unique interaction between the host medium’s anisotropic optical properties defined by orientationally ordered cellulose nanocrystals, from the liquid crystal’s gold nanorod inclusions, and from the complexity of spatial patterns accessed with 3D printing. The gels’ optical properties that are defined by the interplay of these effects are tuned by controlling the gels’ order, which is tuned by adjusting the gels’ cellulose nanocrystal concentrations. Lithe optical responsiveness of these composite gels to polarized radiation may enable unique technological applications like polarization-sensitive optical elements.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Department of Physics, 390 UCB, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, United States
  2. Materials Science and Engineering, 027 UCB, Sustainability, Energy & Environment Community, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80303, United States
  3. Department of Physics, 390 UCB, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80309, United States, Materials Science and Engineering, 027 UCB, Sustainability, Energy & Environment Community, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado 80303, United States, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute, National Renewable Energy Laboratory and University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309, United States
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
OSTI Identifier:
1577909
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1577970
Grant/Contract Number:  
AR0000743
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
ACS Omega
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ACS Omega Journal Volume: 4 Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-1343
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Hess, Andrew J., Funk, Andrew J., Liu, Qingkun, De La Cruz, Joshua A., Sheetah, Ghadah H., Fleury, Blaise, and Smalyukh, Ivan I. Plasmonic Metamaterial Gels with Spatially Patterned Orientational Order via 3D Printing. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1021/acsomega.9b02418.
Hess, Andrew J., Funk, Andrew J., Liu, Qingkun, De La Cruz, Joshua A., Sheetah, Ghadah H., Fleury, Blaise, & Smalyukh, Ivan I. Plasmonic Metamaterial Gels with Spatially Patterned Orientational Order via 3D Printing. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b02418
Hess, Andrew J., Funk, Andrew J., Liu, Qingkun, De La Cruz, Joshua A., Sheetah, Ghadah H., Fleury, Blaise, and Smalyukh, Ivan I. Fri . "Plasmonic Metamaterial Gels with Spatially Patterned Orientational Order via 3D Printing". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b02418.
@article{osti_1577909,
title = {Plasmonic Metamaterial Gels with Spatially Patterned Orientational Order via 3D Printing},
author = {Hess, Andrew J. and Funk, Andrew J. and Liu, Qingkun and De La Cruz, Joshua A. and Sheetah, Ghadah H. and Fleury, Blaise and Smalyukh, Ivan I.},
abstractNote = {Optical properties can be programmed on mesoscopic scales by patterning host materials while ordering their nanoparticle inclusions. While liquid crystals are often used to define the ordering of nanoparticles dispersed within them, this approach is typically limited to liquid crystals confined in classic geometries. In this work, the orientational order that liquid crystalline colloidal hosts impose on anisotropic nanoparticle inclusions is combined with an additive manufacturing method that enables engineered, macroscopic three-dimensional (3D) patterns of co-aligned gold nanorods and cellulose nanocrystals. These gels exhibit polarization-dependent plasmonic properties that emerge from the unique interaction between the host medium’s anisotropic optical properties defined by orientationally ordered cellulose nanocrystals, from the liquid crystal’s gold nanorod inclusions, and from the complexity of spatial patterns accessed with 3D printing. The gels’ optical properties that are defined by the interplay of these effects are tuned by controlling the gels’ order, which is tuned by adjusting the gels’ cellulose nanocrystal concentrations. Lithe optical responsiveness of these composite gels to polarized radiation may enable unique technological applications like polarization-sensitive optical elements.},
doi = {10.1021/acsomega.9b02418},
journal = {ACS Omega},
number = 24,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.9b02418

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Photoinduced Deformation of Rigid Azobenzene-Containing Polymer Networks
journal, January 2013

  • Hosono, Nobuhiko; Yoshikawa, Mayumi; Furukawa, Hidemitsu
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 46, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma302157u

Three-dimensional printed electronics
journal, February 2015

  • Lewis, Jennifer A.; Ahn, Bok Y.
  • Nature, Vol. 518, Issue 7537
  • DOI: 10.1038/518042a

Functional Materials from Cellulose-Derived Liquid-Crystal Templates
journal, December 2014

  • Giese, Michael; Blusch, Lina K.; Khan, Mostofa K.
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201407141

Nanoparticle-Hydrogel Composites: Concept, Design, and Applications of These Promising, Multi-Functional Materials
journal, January 2015

  • Thoniyot, Praveen; Tan, Mein Jin; Karim, Anis Abdul
  • Advanced Science, Vol. 2, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1002/advs.201400010

4D bioprinting: the next-generation technology for biofabrication enabled by stimuli-responsive materials
journal, December 2016


Plasmon–Exciton Interactions Probed Using Spatial Coentrapment of Nanoparticles by Topological Singularities
journal, October 2015


Biomimetic 4D printing
journal, January 2016

  • Sydney Gladman, A.; Matsumoto, Elisabetta A.; Nuzzo, Ralph G.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 15, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4544

Cellulose-Based Reflective Liquid Crystal Films as Optical Filters and Solar Gain Regulators
journal, April 2018


Colloidal Plasmonic Nanocomposites: From Fabrication to Optical Function
journal, February 2018


Flexible transparent aerogels as window retrofitting films and optical elements with tunable birefringence
journal, June 2018


Mechanical and Viscoelastic Properties of Cellulose Nanocrystals Reinforced Poly(ethylene glycol) Nanocomposite Hydrogels
journal, January 2013

  • Yang, Jun; Han, Chun-Rui; Duan, Jiu-Fang
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 5, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/am4001997

EPR Study of Backbiting in the Aqueous-Solution Polymerization of Acrylamide
journal, October 2015

  • Kattner, Hendrik; Buback, Michael
  • Macromolecular Rapid Communications, Vol. 36, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1002/marc.201500479

3D Printed Terahertz Diffraction Gratings And Lenses
journal, November 2014

  • Squires, A. D.; Constable, E.; Lewis, R. A.
  • Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, Vol. 36, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10762-014-0122-8

Reversible gold nanorod alignment in mechano-responsive elastomers
journal, June 2015


Atomic Force Microscopy Characterization of Cellulose Nanocrystals
journal, March 2010

  • Lahiji, Roya R.; Xu, Xin; Reifenberger, Ronald
  • Langmuir, Vol. 26, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1021/la903111j

Self-assembly of predesigned optical materials in nematic codispersions of plasmonic nanorods
journal, January 2016

  • Sheetah, Ghadah H.; Liu, Qingkun; Smalyukh, Ivan I.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.41.004899

3D-printed eagle eye: Compound microlens system for foveated imaging
journal, February 2017

  • Thiele, Simon; Arzenbacher, Kathrin; Gissibl, Timo
  • Science Advances, Vol. 3, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1602655

Advances in 4D Printing: Materials and Applications
journal, November 2018

  • Kuang, Xiao; Roach, Devin J.; Wu, Jiangtao
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201805290

The Effects of Shape on the Interaction of Colloidal Particles
journal, May 1949


Reinforcement with cellulose nanocrystals of poly(vinyl alcohol) hydrogels prepared by cyclic freezing and thawing
journal, January 2011

  • Abitbol, Tiffany; Johnstone, Timothy; Quinn, Thomas M.
  • Soft Matter, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0sm01172j

Three-dimensional complex-shaped photopolymerized microparticles at liquid crystal interfaces
journal, January 2012

  • Martinez, Angel; Lee, Taewoo; Asavei, Theodor
  • Soft Matter, Vol. 8, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2sm07125h

Programmable and adaptive mechanics with liquid crystal polymer networks and elastomers
journal, October 2015

  • White, Timothy J.; Broer, Dirk J.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 14, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat4433

Additive manufacturing (3D printing): A review of materials, methods, applications and challenges
journal, June 2018


Printed Paper Photovoltaic Cells
journal, September 2011

  • Hübler, Arved; Trnovec, Bystrik; Zillger, Tino
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 6, p. 1018-1022
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201100394

Real-time monitoring by proton relaxometry of radical polymerization reactions of acrylamide in aqueous solution: Real-time monitoring of radical polymerizations
journal, March 2018

  • Rodrigues, Elton Jorge da Rocha; Neto, Roberto Pinto Cucinelli; Sebastião, Pedro José Oliveira
  • Polymer International, Vol. 67, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/pi.5546

Mechanically Robust Hybrid Hydrogels for Photovoltaic Applications
journal, November 2016

  • Das, Sujoy; Chakraborty, Priyadarshi; Nandi, Arun K.
  • Macromolecular Symposia, Vol. 369, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/masy.201600046

Orientationally Ordered Colloidal Co-Dispersions of Gold Nanorods and Cellulose Nanocrystals
journal, August 2014

  • Liu, Qingkun; Campbell, Michael G.; Evans, Julian S.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 42
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201402699

Local Refractive Index Dependence of Plasmon Resonance Spectra from Individual Nanoparticles
journal, April 2003

  • Mock, Jack J.; Smith, David R.; Schultz, Sheldon
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl0340475

Self-assembled nematic colloidal motors powered by light
journal, November 2018


Injectable Polysaccharide Hydrogels Reinforced with Cellulose Nanocrystals: Morphology, Rheology, Degradation, and Cytotoxicity
journal, November 2013

  • Yang, Xuan; Bakaic, Emilia; Hoare, Todd
  • Biomacromolecules, Vol. 14, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/bm401364z

3d printing technologies applied for food design: Status and prospects
journal, June 2016


Distributed Bilayer Photovoltaics Based on Nematic Liquid Crystal Polymer Networks
journal, November 2007

  • Tsoi, Wing C.; O'Neill, Mary; Aldred, Matthew P.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 19, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm071727q

Near-infrared-responsive gold nanorod/liquid crystalline elastomer composites prepared by sequential thiol-click chemistry
journal, January 2015

  • Yang, Hong; Liu, Jian-Jian; Wang, Zhi-Fei
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 51, Issue 60
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5CC02599K

Electrically and Optically Tunable Plasmonic Guest–Host Liquid Crystals with Long-Range Ordered Nanoparticles
journal, June 2014

  • Liu, Qingkun; Yuan, Ye; Smalyukh, Ivan I.
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl501581y

Stability of radicals in cured composite materials
journal, July 1993


3D printing of polymer matrix composites: A review and prospective
journal, February 2017


Metal Additive Manufacturing: A Review
journal, April 2014


Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing
journal, June 2011

  • Chanda, Debashis; Shigeta, Kazuki; Gupta, Sidhartha
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 6, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2011.82

3D Printing of Transparent and Conductive Heterogeneous Hydrogel-Elastomer Systems
journal, January 2017

  • Tian, Kevin; Bae, Jinhye; Bakarich, Shannon E.
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 29, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201604827

Plasmonic Complex Fluids of Nematiclike and Helicoidal Self-Assemblies of Gold Nanorods with a Negative Order Parameter
journal, August 2012