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Title: First constraint on coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering in argon

Abstract

Coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS) is calculated to be the dominant neutrino scattering channel for neutrinos of energy Eν < 100 MeV. We report a limit for this process from data collected in an engineering run of the 29 kg CENNS-10 liquid argon detector located 27.5 m from the pion decay-at-rest neutrino source at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) with 4.2 × 1022 protons on target. The dataset provided constraints on beam-related backgrounds critical for future measurements and yielded < 7.4 candidate CEvNS events which implies a cross section for the process, averaged over the SNS pion decay-at-rest flux, of < 3.4 × 10-39 cm2, a limit within twice the Standard Model prediction. This is the first limit on CEvNS from an argon nucleus and confirms the earlier CsI[Na] nonstandard neutrino interaction constraints from the collaboration. This run demonstrated the feasibility of the ongoing experimental effort to detect CEvNS with liquid argon.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP); USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
COHERENT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1577892
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1591638; OSTI ID: 1600647; OSTI ID: 1604046; OSTI ID: 1606930; OSTI ID: 1697987; OSTI ID: 1755597
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-28853; SAND-2019-11661J
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 115020
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; AC02-76SF00515; AC05-00OR22725; SC0020518; IBS-R017-G1-2019-a00; 17-02-01077 A; AC04-94AL85000; SC0010118
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 100 Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Atomic, Nuclear and Particle Physics; Neutrino interactions; Nucleus-neutrino interactions

Citation Formats

Akimov, D., Albert, J. B., An, P., Awe, C., Barbeau, P. S., Becker, B., Belov, V., Blackston, M. A., Bolozdynya, A., Cabrera-Palmer, B., Cervantes, M., Collar, J. I., Cooper, R. L., Daughhetee, J., del Valle Coello, M., Detwiler, J. A., D’Onofrio, M., Efremenko, Y., Erkela, E. M., Elliott, S. R., Fabris, L., Febbraro, M., Fox, W., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Green, M. P., Hansen, K. S., Heath, M. R., Hedges, S., Johnson, T., Kaemingk, M., Kaufman, L. J., Khromov, A., Konovalov, A., Kozlova, E., Kumpan, A., Li, L., Librande, J. T., Link, J. M., Liu, J., Mann, K., Markoff, D. M., Moreno, H., Mueller, P. E., Newby, J., Parno, D. S., Penttila, S., Pershey, D., Radford, D., Rapp, R., Ray, H., Raybern, J., Razuvaeva, O., Reyna, D., Rich, G. C., Rudik, D., Runge, J., Salvat, D. J., Scholberg, K., Shakirov, A., Simakov, G., Sinev, G., Snow, W. M., Sosnovtsev, V., Suh, B., Tayloe, R., Tellez-Giron-Flores, K., Thornton, R. T., Tolstukhin, I., Vanderwerp, J., Varner, R. L., Virtue, C. J., Visser, G., Wiseman, C., Wongjirad, T., Yang, J., Yen, Y. -R., Yoo, J., Yu, C. -H., and Zettlemoyer, J. First constraint on coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering in argon. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.115020.
Akimov, D., Albert, J. B., An, P., Awe, C., Barbeau, P. S., Becker, B., Belov, V., Blackston, M. A., Bolozdynya, A., Cabrera-Palmer, B., Cervantes, M., Collar, J. I., Cooper, R. L., Daughhetee, J., del Valle Coello, M., Detwiler, J. A., D’Onofrio, M., Efremenko, Y., Erkela, E. M., Elliott, S. R., Fabris, L., Febbraro, M., Fox, W., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Green, M. P., Hansen, K. S., Heath, M. R., Hedges, S., Johnson, T., Kaemingk, M., Kaufman, L. J., Khromov, A., Konovalov, A., Kozlova, E., Kumpan, A., Li, L., Librande, J. T., Link, J. M., Liu, J., Mann, K., Markoff, D. M., Moreno, H., Mueller, P. E., Newby, J., Parno, D. S., Penttila, S., Pershey, D., Radford, D., Rapp, R., Ray, H., Raybern, J., Razuvaeva, O., Reyna, D., Rich, G. C., Rudik, D., Runge, J., Salvat, D. J., Scholberg, K., Shakirov, A., Simakov, G., Sinev, G., Snow, W. M., Sosnovtsev, V., Suh, B., Tayloe, R., Tellez-Giron-Flores, K., Thornton, R. T., Tolstukhin, I., Vanderwerp, J., Varner, R. L., Virtue, C. J., Visser, G., Wiseman, C., Wongjirad, T., Yang, J., Yen, Y. -R., Yoo, J., Yu, C. -H., & Zettlemoyer, J. First constraint on coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering in argon. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.115020.
Akimov, D., Albert, J. B., An, P., Awe, C., Barbeau, P. S., Becker, B., Belov, V., Blackston, M. A., Bolozdynya, A., Cabrera-Palmer, B., Cervantes, M., Collar, J. I., Cooper, R. L., Daughhetee, J., del Valle Coello, M., Detwiler, J. A., D’Onofrio, M., Efremenko, Y., Erkela, E. M., Elliott, S. R., Fabris, L., Febbraro, M., Fox, W., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Green, M. P., Hansen, K. S., Heath, M. R., Hedges, S., Johnson, T., Kaemingk, M., Kaufman, L. J., Khromov, A., Konovalov, A., Kozlova, E., Kumpan, A., Li, L., Librande, J. T., Link, J. M., Liu, J., Mann, K., Markoff, D. M., Moreno, H., Mueller, P. E., Newby, J., Parno, D. S., Penttila, S., Pershey, D., Radford, D., Rapp, R., Ray, H., Raybern, J., Razuvaeva, O., Reyna, D., Rich, G. C., Rudik, D., Runge, J., Salvat, D. J., Scholberg, K., Shakirov, A., Simakov, G., Sinev, G., Snow, W. M., Sosnovtsev, V., Suh, B., Tayloe, R., Tellez-Giron-Flores, K., Thornton, R. T., Tolstukhin, I., Vanderwerp, J., Varner, R. L., Virtue, C. J., Visser, G., Wiseman, C., Wongjirad, T., Yang, J., Yen, Y. -R., Yoo, J., Yu, C. -H., and Zettlemoyer, J. Mon . "First constraint on coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering in argon". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.100.115020.
@article{osti_1577892,
title = {First constraint on coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering in argon},
author = {Akimov, D. and Albert, J. B. and An, P. and Awe, C. and Barbeau, P. S. and Becker, B. and Belov, V. and Blackston, M. A. and Bolozdynya, A. and Cabrera-Palmer, B. and Cervantes, M. and Collar, J. I. and Cooper, R. L. and Daughhetee, J. and del Valle Coello, M. and Detwiler, J. A. and D’Onofrio, M. and Efremenko, Y. and Erkela, E. M. and Elliott, S. R. and Fabris, L. and Febbraro, M. and Fox, W. and Galindo-Uribarri, A. and Green, M. P. and Hansen, K. S. and Heath, M. R. and Hedges, S. and Johnson, T. and Kaemingk, M. and Kaufman, L. J. and Khromov, A. and Konovalov, A. and Kozlova, E. and Kumpan, A. and Li, L. and Librande, J. T. and Link, J. M. and Liu, J. and Mann, K. and Markoff, D. M. and Moreno, H. and Mueller, P. E. and Newby, J. and Parno, D. S. and Penttila, S. and Pershey, D. and Radford, D. and Rapp, R. and Ray, H. and Raybern, J. and Razuvaeva, O. and Reyna, D. and Rich, G. C. and Rudik, D. and Runge, J. and Salvat, D. J. and Scholberg, K. and Shakirov, A. and Simakov, G. and Sinev, G. and Snow, W. M. and Sosnovtsev, V. and Suh, B. and Tayloe, R. and Tellez-Giron-Flores, K. and Thornton, R. T. and Tolstukhin, I. and Vanderwerp, J. and Varner, R. L. and Virtue, C. J. and Visser, G. and Wiseman, C. and Wongjirad, T. and Yang, J. and Yen, Y. -R. and Yoo, J. and Yu, C. -H. and Zettlemoyer, J.},
abstractNote = {Coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CEvNS) is calculated to be the dominant neutrino scattering channel for neutrinos of energy Eν < 100 MeV. We report a limit for this process from data collected in an engineering run of the 29 kg CENNS-10 liquid argon detector located 27.5 m from the pion decay-at-rest neutrino source at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) with 4.2 × 1022 protons on target. The dataset provided constraints on beam-related backgrounds critical for future measurements and yielded < 7.4 candidate CEvNS events which implies a cross section for the process, averaged over the SNS pion decay-at-rest flux, of < 3.4 × 10-39 cm2, a limit within twice the Standard Model prediction. This is the first limit on CEvNS from an argon nucleus and confirms the earlier CsI[Na] nonstandard neutrino interaction constraints from the collaboration. This run demonstrated the feasibility of the ongoing experimental effort to detect CEvNS with liquid argon.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.100.115020},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 11,
volume = 100,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.100.115020

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