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Title: Is the dark-matter halo spin a predictor of galaxy spin and size?

Abstract

The similarity between the distributions of spins for galaxies (λ gal) and for dark-matter haloes (λ halo), indicated both by simulations and observations, is naively interpreted as a one-to-one correlation between the spins of a galaxy and its host halo. This is used to predict galaxy sizes in semi-analytic models via R e ≃ f jλ haloR vir, where R e is the half-mass radius of the galaxy, f j is the angular momentum retention factor, and R vir is the halo radius. Using two suites of zoom-in cosmological simulations, we find that λ gal and the λ halo of its host halo are in fact barely correlated, especially at z ≥ 1, in line with previous indications. Since the spins of baryons and dark matter are correlated at accretion into Rvir, the null correlation in the end reflects an anticorrelation between f j and λ halo, which can arise from mergers and a ‘wet compaction’ phase that many high-redshift galaxies undergo. It may also reflect that unrepresentative small fractions of baryons are tapped to the galaxies. The galaxy spin is better correlated with the spin of the inner halo, but this largely reflects the effect of the baryons onmore » the halo. While λ halo is not a useful predictor for R e, our simulations reproduce a general relation of the form of R e = AR vir, in agreement with observational estimates. Finally, we find that the relation becomes tighter with A = 0.02(c/10) -0.7, where c is the halo concentration, which in turn introduces a dependence on mass and redshift.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [8]
  1. The Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem (Israel)
  2. The Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem (Israel); Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. Heidelberg, Heidelberg (Germany)
  4. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  5. New York Univ., Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Max Planck Inst. für Astronomie, Heidelberg (Germany)
  6. New York Univ., Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)
  7. Flatiron Inst., New York, NY (United States); Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  8. Flatiron Inst., New York, NY (United States); The State Univ. of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1577798
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1564358
Grant/Contract Number:  
[ISF 124/12; PBC/ISF 1829/12; BSF 2014-273; PICS 2015-18; NSF AST-1405962; HST-AR-14578.001-A]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 488; Journal Issue: 4]; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; astronomy & astrophysics; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: formation; galaxies: haloes; dark matter

Citation Formats

Jiang, Fangzhou, Dekel, Avishai, Kneller, Omer, Lapiner, Sharon, Ceverino, Daniel, Primack, Joel R., Faber, Sandra M., Macciò, Andrea V., Dutton, Aaron A., Genel, Shy, and Somerville, Rachel S. Is the dark-matter halo spin a predictor of galaxy spin and size?. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1952.
Jiang, Fangzhou, Dekel, Avishai, Kneller, Omer, Lapiner, Sharon, Ceverino, Daniel, Primack, Joel R., Faber, Sandra M., Macciò, Andrea V., Dutton, Aaron A., Genel, Shy, & Somerville, Rachel S. Is the dark-matter halo spin a predictor of galaxy spin and size?. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1952.
Jiang, Fangzhou, Dekel, Avishai, Kneller, Omer, Lapiner, Sharon, Ceverino, Daniel, Primack, Joel R., Faber, Sandra M., Macciò, Andrea V., Dutton, Aaron A., Genel, Shy, and Somerville, Rachel S. Sat . "Is the dark-matter halo spin a predictor of galaxy spin and size?". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1952.
@article{osti_1577798,
title = {Is the dark-matter halo spin a predictor of galaxy spin and size?},
author = {Jiang, Fangzhou and Dekel, Avishai and Kneller, Omer and Lapiner, Sharon and Ceverino, Daniel and Primack, Joel R. and Faber, Sandra M. and Macciò, Andrea V. and Dutton, Aaron A. and Genel, Shy and Somerville, Rachel S.},
abstractNote = {The similarity between the distributions of spins for galaxies (λgal) and for dark-matter haloes (λhalo), indicated both by simulations and observations, is naively interpreted as a one-to-one correlation between the spins of a galaxy and its host halo. This is used to predict galaxy sizes in semi-analytic models via Re ≃ fjλhaloRvir, where Re is the half-mass radius of the galaxy, fj is the angular momentum retention factor, and Rvir is the halo radius. Using two suites of zoom-in cosmological simulations, we find that λgal and the λhalo of its host halo are in fact barely correlated, especially at z ≥ 1, in line with previous indications. Since the spins of baryons and dark matter are correlated at accretion into Rvir, the null correlation in the end reflects an anticorrelation between fj and λhalo, which can arise from mergers and a ‘wet compaction’ phase that many high-redshift galaxies undergo. It may also reflect that unrepresentative small fractions of baryons are tapped to the galaxies. The galaxy spin is better correlated with the spin of the inner halo, but this largely reflects the effect of the baryons on the halo. While λhalo is not a useful predictor for Re, our simulations reproduce a general relation of the form of Re = ARvir, in agreement with observational estimates. Finally, we find that the relation becomes tighter with A = 0.02(c/10)-0.7, where c is the halo concentration, which in turn introduces a dependence on mass and redshift.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stz1952},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = [4],
volume = [488],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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