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Title: Fundamentals and Applications of Hybrid LWFA-PWFA

Abstract

Fundamental similarities and differences between laser-driven plasma wakefield acceleration (LWFA) and particle-driven plasma wakefield acceleration (PWFA) are discussed. The complementary features enable the conception and development of novel hybrid plasma accelerators, which allow previously not accessible compact solutions for high quality electron bunch generation and arising applications. Very high energy gains can be realized by electron beam drivers even in single stages because PWFA is practically dephasing-free and not diffraction-limited. These electron driver beams for PWFA in turn can be produced in compact LWFA stages. In various hybrid approaches, these PWFA systems can be spiked with ionizing laser pulses to realize tunable and high-quality electron sources via optical density downramp injection (also known as plasma torch) or plasma photocathodes (also known as Trojan Horse) and via wakefield-induced injection (also known as WII). These hybrids can act as beam energy, brightness and quality transformers, and partially have built-in stabilizing features. They thus offer compact pathways towards beams with unprecedented emittance and brightness, which may have transformative impact for light sources and photon science applications. Furthermore, they allow the study of PWFA-specific challenges in compact setups in addition to large linac-based facilities, such as fundamental beam–plasma interaction physics, to develop novel diagnostics,more » and to develop contributions such as ultralow emittance test beams or other building blocks and schemes which support future plasma-based collider concepts.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4];  [1];  [2];  [5];  [4];  [2];  [6]; ORCiD logo [1];  [6];  [7]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [5];  [8]
  1. Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Cockcroft Inst., Cheshire (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Cockcroft Inst., Cheshire (United Kingdom); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  3. Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France)
  4. Ludwig Maximilian Univ., Munich (Germany); Max Planck Society, Garching (Germany). Max Planck Inst. of Quantum Optics
  5. Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB), (Germany)
  6. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  7. Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Cockcroft Inst., Cheshire (United Kingdom); Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB), (Germany)
  8. Univ. of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United Kingdom); Cockcroft Inst., Cheshire (United Kingdom); Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Oxford (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); Univ. of California, Oakland, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1577713
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-05CH11231]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 13]; Journal ID: ISSN 2076-3417
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Chemistry; Materials Science; Physics

Citation Formats

Hidding, Bernhard, Beaton, Andrew, Boulton, Lewis, Corde, Sebastién, Doepp, Andreas, Habib, Fahim Ahmad, Heinemann, Thomas, Irman, Arie, Karsch, Stefan, Kirwan, Gavin, Knetsch, Alexander, Manahan, Grace Gloria, Martinez de la Ossa, Alberto, Nutter, Alastair, Scherkl, Paul, Schramm, Ulrich, and Ullmann, Daniel. Fundamentals and Applications of Hybrid LWFA-PWFA. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/app9132626.
Hidding, Bernhard, Beaton, Andrew, Boulton, Lewis, Corde, Sebastién, Doepp, Andreas, Habib, Fahim Ahmad, Heinemann, Thomas, Irman, Arie, Karsch, Stefan, Kirwan, Gavin, Knetsch, Alexander, Manahan, Grace Gloria, Martinez de la Ossa, Alberto, Nutter, Alastair, Scherkl, Paul, Schramm, Ulrich, & Ullmann, Daniel. Fundamentals and Applications of Hybrid LWFA-PWFA. United States. doi:10.3390/app9132626.
Hidding, Bernhard, Beaton, Andrew, Boulton, Lewis, Corde, Sebastién, Doepp, Andreas, Habib, Fahim Ahmad, Heinemann, Thomas, Irman, Arie, Karsch, Stefan, Kirwan, Gavin, Knetsch, Alexander, Manahan, Grace Gloria, Martinez de la Ossa, Alberto, Nutter, Alastair, Scherkl, Paul, Schramm, Ulrich, and Ullmann, Daniel. Fri . "Fundamentals and Applications of Hybrid LWFA-PWFA". United States. doi:10.3390/app9132626. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1577713.
@article{osti_1577713,
title = {Fundamentals and Applications of Hybrid LWFA-PWFA},
author = {Hidding, Bernhard and Beaton, Andrew and Boulton, Lewis and Corde, Sebastién and Doepp, Andreas and Habib, Fahim Ahmad and Heinemann, Thomas and Irman, Arie and Karsch, Stefan and Kirwan, Gavin and Knetsch, Alexander and Manahan, Grace Gloria and Martinez de la Ossa, Alberto and Nutter, Alastair and Scherkl, Paul and Schramm, Ulrich and Ullmann, Daniel},
abstractNote = {Fundamental similarities and differences between laser-driven plasma wakefield acceleration (LWFA) and particle-driven plasma wakefield acceleration (PWFA) are discussed. The complementary features enable the conception and development of novel hybrid plasma accelerators, which allow previously not accessible compact solutions for high quality electron bunch generation and arising applications. Very high energy gains can be realized by electron beam drivers even in single stages because PWFA is practically dephasing-free and not diffraction-limited. These electron driver beams for PWFA in turn can be produced in compact LWFA stages. In various hybrid approaches, these PWFA systems can be spiked with ionizing laser pulses to realize tunable and high-quality electron sources via optical density downramp injection (also known as plasma torch) or plasma photocathodes (also known as Trojan Horse) and via wakefield-induced injection (also known as WII). These hybrids can act as beam energy, brightness and quality transformers, and partially have built-in stabilizing features. They thus offer compact pathways towards beams with unprecedented emittance and brightness, which may have transformative impact for light sources and photon science applications. Furthermore, they allow the study of PWFA-specific challenges in compact setups in addition to large linac-based facilities, such as fundamental beam–plasma interaction physics, to develop novel diagnostics, and to develop contributions such as ultralow emittance test beams or other building blocks and schemes which support future plasma-based collider concepts.},
doi = {10.3390/app9132626},
journal = {Applied Sciences},
number = [13],
volume = [9],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    VORPAL: a versatile plasma simulation code
    journal, May 2004


    Electron beam manipulation, injection and acceleration in plasma wakefield accelerators by optically generated plasma density spikes
    journal, September 2016

    • Wittig, Georg; Karger, Oliver S.; Knetsch, Alexander
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 829
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2016.02.027

    Single-stage plasma-based correlated energy spread compensation for ultrahigh 6D brightness electron beams
    journal, June 2017

    • Manahan, G. G.; Habib, A. F.; Scherkl, P.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15705

    Few femtosecond, few kiloampere electron bunch produced by a laser–plasma accelerator
    journal, January 2011

    • Lundh, O.; Lim, J.; Rechatin, C.
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1872

    Demonstration of a beam loaded nanocoulomb-class laser wakefield accelerator
    journal, September 2017


    Self-mode-transition from laser wakefield accelerator to plasma wakefield accelerator of laser-driven plasma-based electron acceleration
    journal, December 2010

    • Pae, K. H.; Choi, I. W.; Lee, J.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 17, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3522757

    Beyond injection: Trojan horse underdense photocathode plasma wakefield acceleration
    conference, January 2013

    • Hidding, B.; Rosenzweig, J. B.; Xi, Y.
    • ADVANCED ACCELERATOR CONCEPTS: 15th Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop, AIP Conference Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4773760

    Giga-electronvolt electrons due to a transition from laser wakefield acceleration to plasma wakefield acceleration
    journal, December 2014

    • Masson-Laborde, P. E.; Mo, M. Z.; Ali, A.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 21, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4903851

    Wakefield-induced ionization injection in beam-driven plasma accelerators
    journal, September 2015

    • Martinez de la Ossa, A.; Mehrling, T. J.; Schaper, L.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 22, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4929921

    High quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator
    journal, November 2010


    Ultrahigh brightness bunches from hybrid plasma accelerators as drivers of 5th generation light sources
    journal, November 2014

    • Hidding, B.; Manahan, G. G.; Karger, O.
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 47, Issue 23
    • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/47/23/234010

    Fundamentals and Applications of Hybrid LWFA-PWFA
    text, January 2019

    • Hidding, Bernhard; Beaton, Andrew; Boulton, Lewis
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2019-04617