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Title: Dust Radiative Effects on Climate by Glaciating Mixed-Phase Clouds

Abstract

Mineral dust plays an important role in the primary formation of ice crystals in mixed-phase clouds by acting as ice nucleating particles (INPs). It can influence the cloud phase transition and radiative forcing of mixed-phase clouds, both of which are crucial to global energy budget and climate. In this study, we investigate the dust indirect effects on mixed-phase clouds through heterogeneous ice nucleation with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM). Dust and INP concentrations simulated from two versions of E3SM with three ice nucleation parameterizations were evaluated against observations in the Northern Hemisphere. Constrained by these observations, E3SM shows that dust INPs induce a global mean net cloud radiative effect of 0.05 to 0.26 W/m 2 with the predominant warming appearing in the Northern Hemisphere midlatitudes. However, a cooling effect is found in the Arctic due to reduced longwave cloud forcing.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC); Univ. of Wyoming, Laramie, WY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1577549
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1526074
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-05CH11231; SC0014239; SC0016304; SC0018926; DE‐SC0014239; DE‐SC0018926; DE‐SC0016304]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 46; Journal Issue: 11]; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Geology; dust indirect effects; ice nucleation; mixed‐phase clouds

Citation Formats

Shi, Yang, and Liu, Xiaohong. Dust Radiative Effects on Climate by Glaciating Mixed-Phase Clouds. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2019gl082504.
Shi, Yang, & Liu, Xiaohong. Dust Radiative Effects on Climate by Glaciating Mixed-Phase Clouds. United States. doi:10.1029/2019gl082504.
Shi, Yang, and Liu, Xiaohong. Fri . "Dust Radiative Effects on Climate by Glaciating Mixed-Phase Clouds". United States. doi:10.1029/2019gl082504.
@article{osti_1577549,
title = {Dust Radiative Effects on Climate by Glaciating Mixed-Phase Clouds},
author = {Shi, Yang and Liu, Xiaohong},
abstractNote = {Mineral dust plays an important role in the primary formation of ice crystals in mixed-phase clouds by acting as ice nucleating particles (INPs). It can influence the cloud phase transition and radiative forcing of mixed-phase clouds, both of which are crucial to global energy budget and climate. In this study, we investigate the dust indirect effects on mixed-phase clouds through heterogeneous ice nucleation with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM). Dust and INP concentrations simulated from two versions of E3SM with three ice nucleation parameterizations were evaluated against observations in the Northern Hemisphere. Constrained by these observations, E3SM shows that dust INPs induce a global mean net cloud radiative effect of 0.05 to 0.26 W/m2 with the predominant warming appearing in the Northern Hemisphere midlatitudes. However, a cooling effect is found in the Arctic due to reduced longwave cloud forcing.},
doi = {10.1029/2019gl082504},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = [11],
volume = [46],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

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