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Title: Fatigue-resistant high-performance elastocaloric materials made by additive manufacturing

Abstract

Elastocaloric cooling, a solid-state cooling technology, displays the latent heat released and absorbed by stress-induced phase transformations. Hysteresis associated with transformation, however, is detrimental to efficient energy conversion and functional durability. Here, we have created thermodynamically efficient, low-hysteresis elastocaloric cooling materials by means of additive manufacturing of nickel-titanium. The utilization of a localized molten environment and near-eutectic mixing of elemental powders has led to the formation of nanocomposite microstructures composed of a nickel-rich intermetallic compound interspersed among a binary alloy matrix. The microstructure allowed extremely small hysteresis in quasi-linear stress-strain behaviors—enhancing the materials efficiency by a factor of four to seven—and repeatable elastocaloric performance over 1 million cycles. Implementing additive manufacturing to elastocaloric cooling materials enables distinct microstructure control of high-performance metallic refrigerants with long fatigue life.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Beihang Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  3. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  4. Xi’an Jiaotong Univ. (China)
  5. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  6. Ames Lab., and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E); National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1577117
Report Number(s):
IS-J-10073; IS-J-10102
Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Grant/Contract Number:  
CMMI-1454668; AC02-07CH11358; AR0000131; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 366; Journal Issue: 6469; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Hou, Huilong, Simsek, Emrah, Ma, Tao, Johnson, Nathan S., Qian, Suxin, Cissé, Cheikh, Stasak, Drew, Al Hasan, Naila, Zhou, Lin, Hwang, Yunho, Radermacher, Reinhard, Levitas, Valery I., Kramer, Matthew J., Zaeem, Mohsen Asle, Stebner, Aaron P., Ott, Ryan T., Cui, Jun, and Takeuchi, Ichiro. Fatigue-resistant high-performance elastocaloric materials made by additive manufacturing. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aax7616.
Hou, Huilong, Simsek, Emrah, Ma, Tao, Johnson, Nathan S., Qian, Suxin, Cissé, Cheikh, Stasak, Drew, Al Hasan, Naila, Zhou, Lin, Hwang, Yunho, Radermacher, Reinhard, Levitas, Valery I., Kramer, Matthew J., Zaeem, Mohsen Asle, Stebner, Aaron P., Ott, Ryan T., Cui, Jun, & Takeuchi, Ichiro. Fatigue-resistant high-performance elastocaloric materials made by additive manufacturing. United States. doi:10.1126/science.aax7616.
Hou, Huilong, Simsek, Emrah, Ma, Tao, Johnson, Nathan S., Qian, Suxin, Cissé, Cheikh, Stasak, Drew, Al Hasan, Naila, Zhou, Lin, Hwang, Yunho, Radermacher, Reinhard, Levitas, Valery I., Kramer, Matthew J., Zaeem, Mohsen Asle, Stebner, Aaron P., Ott, Ryan T., Cui, Jun, and Takeuchi, Ichiro. Fri . "Fatigue-resistant high-performance elastocaloric materials made by additive manufacturing". United States. doi:10.1126/science.aax7616.
@article{osti_1577117,
title = {Fatigue-resistant high-performance elastocaloric materials made by additive manufacturing},
author = {Hou, Huilong and Simsek, Emrah and Ma, Tao and Johnson, Nathan S. and Qian, Suxin and Cissé, Cheikh and Stasak, Drew and Al Hasan, Naila and Zhou, Lin and Hwang, Yunho and Radermacher, Reinhard and Levitas, Valery I. and Kramer, Matthew J. and Zaeem, Mohsen Asle and Stebner, Aaron P. and Ott, Ryan T. and Cui, Jun and Takeuchi, Ichiro},
abstractNote = {Elastocaloric cooling, a solid-state cooling technology, displays the latent heat released and absorbed by stress-induced phase transformations. Hysteresis associated with transformation, however, is detrimental to efficient energy conversion and functional durability. Here, we have created thermodynamically efficient, low-hysteresis elastocaloric cooling materials by means of additive manufacturing of nickel-titanium. The utilization of a localized molten environment and near-eutectic mixing of elemental powders has led to the formation of nanocomposite microstructures composed of a nickel-rich intermetallic compound interspersed among a binary alloy matrix. The microstructure allowed extremely small hysteresis in quasi-linear stress-strain behaviors—enhancing the materials efficiency by a factor of four to seven—and repeatable elastocaloric performance over 1 million cycles. Implementing additive manufacturing to elastocaloric cooling materials enables distinct microstructure control of high-performance metallic refrigerants with long fatigue life.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aax7616},
journal = {Science},
number = 6469,
volume = 366,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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