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Title: P2-type Na 2/3 Ni 1/3 Mn 2/3 O 2 Cathode Material with Excellent Rate and Cycling Performance for Sodium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

P2-type Na2/3Ni1/3Mn2/3O2 is an air-stable cathode material for sodium-ion batteries. However, it suffers irreversible P2-O2 phase transition in 4.2-V plateau and shows poor cycling stability and rate capability within this plateau. To evaluate the practicability of this material in 2.3–4.1 V voltage range, single-crystal micro-sized P2-type Na2/3Ni1/3Mn2/3O2 with high rate capability and cycling stability is synthesized via polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-combustion method. The electrochemical performance is evaluated by galvanostatic charge-discharge tests. The kinetics of Na+ intercalation/deintercalation is studied detailly with potential intermittent titration technique (PITT), galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The discharge capacity at 0.1 C in 2.3–4.1 V is 87.6 mAh g-1. It can deliver 91.5% capacity at 40 C rate and keep 89% after 650 cycles at 5C. The calculated theoretical energy density of full cell with hard carbon anode is 210 Wh kg-1. The moderate energy density associated with high power density and long cycle life is acceptable for load adjustment of new-energy power, showing the prospect of practical application.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Scientific User Facilities Division; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1576698
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1601199
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; 001802003
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society Journal Volume: 166 Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
IOP Publishing - The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Mao, Jing, Liu, Xin, Liu, Jianwen, Jiang, Heyang, Zhang, Tao, Shao, Guosheng, Ai, Guo, Mao, Wenfeng, Feng, Yan, Yang, Wanli, Liu, Gao, and Dai, Kehua. P2-type Na 2/3 Ni 1/3 Mn 2/3 O 2 Cathode Material with Excellent Rate and Cycling Performance for Sodium-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0211916jes.
Mao, Jing, Liu, Xin, Liu, Jianwen, Jiang, Heyang, Zhang, Tao, Shao, Guosheng, Ai, Guo, Mao, Wenfeng, Feng, Yan, Yang, Wanli, Liu, Gao, & Dai, Kehua. P2-type Na 2/3 Ni 1/3 Mn 2/3 O 2 Cathode Material with Excellent Rate and Cycling Performance for Sodium-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0211916jes.
Mao, Jing, Liu, Xin, Liu, Jianwen, Jiang, Heyang, Zhang, Tao, Shao, Guosheng, Ai, Guo, Mao, Wenfeng, Feng, Yan, Yang, Wanli, Liu, Gao, and Dai, Kehua. Mon . "P2-type Na 2/3 Ni 1/3 Mn 2/3 O 2 Cathode Material with Excellent Rate and Cycling Performance for Sodium-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0211916jes.
@article{osti_1576698,
title = {P2-type Na 2/3 Ni 1/3 Mn 2/3 O 2 Cathode Material with Excellent Rate and Cycling Performance for Sodium-Ion Batteries},
author = {Mao, Jing and Liu, Xin and Liu, Jianwen and Jiang, Heyang and Zhang, Tao and Shao, Guosheng and Ai, Guo and Mao, Wenfeng and Feng, Yan and Yang, Wanli and Liu, Gao and Dai, Kehua},
abstractNote = {P2-type Na2/3Ni1/3Mn2/3O2 is an air-stable cathode material for sodium-ion batteries. However, it suffers irreversible P2-O2 phase transition in 4.2-V plateau and shows poor cycling stability and rate capability within this plateau. To evaluate the practicability of this material in 2.3–4.1 V voltage range, single-crystal micro-sized P2-type Na2/3Ni1/3Mn2/3O2 with high rate capability and cycling stability is synthesized via polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-combustion method. The electrochemical performance is evaluated by galvanostatic charge-discharge tests. The kinetics of Na+ intercalation/deintercalation is studied detailly with potential intermittent titration technique (PITT), galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The discharge capacity at 0.1 C in 2.3–4.1 V is 87.6 mAh g-1. It can deliver 91.5% capacity at 40 C rate and keep 89% after 650 cycles at 5C. The calculated theoretical energy density of full cell with hard carbon anode is 210 Wh kg-1. The moderate energy density associated with high power density and long cycle life is acceptable for load adjustment of new-energy power, showing the prospect of practical application.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0211916jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 16,
volume = 166,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1149/2.0211916jes

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