skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Vacancy-Driven Noncubic Local Structure and Magnetic Anisotropy Tailoring in Fe x O Fe 3 δ O 4 Nanocrystals

ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1573471; OSTI ID: 1668642
Report Number(s):
BNL-212282-2019-JAAM; BNL-219866-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308; PRXHAE; 041044
Grant/Contract Number:  
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. X
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review. X Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States

Citation Formats

Lappas, Alexandros, Antonaropoulos, George, Brintakis, Konstantinos, Vasilakaki, Marianna, Trohidou, Kalliopi N., Iannotti, Vincenzo, Ausanio, Giovanni, Kostopoulou, Athanasia, Abeykoon, Milinda, Robinson, Ian K., and Bozin, Emil S. Vacancy-Driven Noncubic Local Structure and Magnetic Anisotropy Tailoring in Fe x O − Fe 3 − δ O 4 Nanocrystals. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevX.9.041044.
Lappas, Alexandros, Antonaropoulos, George, Brintakis, Konstantinos, Vasilakaki, Marianna, Trohidou, Kalliopi N., Iannotti, Vincenzo, Ausanio, Giovanni, Kostopoulou, Athanasia, Abeykoon, Milinda, Robinson, Ian K., & Bozin, Emil S. Vacancy-Driven Noncubic Local Structure and Magnetic Anisotropy Tailoring in Fe x O − Fe 3 − δ O 4 Nanocrystals. United States. doi:
Lappas, Alexandros, Antonaropoulos, George, Brintakis, Konstantinos, Vasilakaki, Marianna, Trohidou, Kalliopi N., Iannotti, Vincenzo, Ausanio, Giovanni, Kostopoulou, Athanasia, Abeykoon, Milinda, Robinson, Ian K., and Bozin, Emil S. Wed . "Vacancy-Driven Noncubic Local Structure and Magnetic Anisotropy Tailoring in Fe x O − Fe 3 − δ O 4 Nanocrystals". United States. doi:
title = {Vacancy-Driven Noncubic Local Structure and Magnetic Anisotropy Tailoring in Fe x O − Fe 3 − δ O 4 Nanocrystals},
author = {Lappas, Alexandros and Antonaropoulos, George and Brintakis, Konstantinos and Vasilakaki, Marianna and Trohidou, Kalliopi N. and Iannotti, Vincenzo and Ausanio, Giovanni and Kostopoulou, Athanasia and Abeykoon, Milinda and Robinson, Ian K. and Bozin, Emil S.},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevX.9.041044},
journal = {Physical Review. X},
number = 4,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The Verwey transition - a topical review
journal, March 2002

Exchange bias of singly inverted FeO / Fe 3 O 4 core-shell nanocrystals
journal, November 2008

Influence of Iron Oleate Complex Structure on Iron Oxide Nanoparticle Formation
journal, July 2007

  • Bronstein, Lyudmila M.; Huang, Xinlei; Retrum, John
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 19, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm062948j

A New Superstructure in Gamma-Ferric Oxide
journal, January 1958

  • Van Oosterhout, G. W.; Rooijmans, C. J. M.
  • Nature, Vol. 181, Issue 4601
  • DOI: 10.1038/181044a0

Heating magnetic fluid with alternating magnetic field
journal, November 2002

Susceptibility losses in heating of magnetic core/shell nanoparticles for hyperthermia: a Monte Carlo study of shape and size effects
journal, January 2015

  • Vasilakaki, M.; Binns, C.; Trohidou, K. N.
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 7, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4NR07576E

The Problem with Determining Atomic Structure at the Nanoscale
journal, April 2007

High-Performance Ferrite Nanoparticles through Nonaqueous Redox Phase Tuning
journal, January 2016

Structures and Crystal Chemistry of Ordered Spinels: LiFe5O8, LiZnNbO4, and Zn2TiO4
journal, December 1994

  • Marin, S. J.; O'Keeffe, M.; Partin, D. E.
  • Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 113, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1006/jssc.1994.1389

Exchange-Coupled Bimagnetic Wüstite/Metal Ferrite Core/Shell Nanocrystals: Size, Shape, and Compositional Control
journal, October 2009

  • Bodnarchuk, Maryna I.; Kovalenko, Maksym V.; Groiss, Heiko
  • Small, Vol. 5, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1002/smll.200900635

Biotransformations of magnetic nanoparticles in the body
journal, June 2016

Atomic-scale structure and properties of highly stable antiphase boundary defects in Fe3O4
journal, December 2014

  • McKenna, Keith P.; Hofer, Florian; Gilks, Daniel
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6740

Controlled Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of Bimagnetic Spinel Ferrite CoFe 2 O 4 and MnFe 2 O 4 Nanocrystals with Core–Shell Architecture
journal, June 2012

  • Song, Qing; Zhang, Z. John
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja302856z

Exchange-coupled magnetic nanoparticles for efficient heat induction
journal, June 2011

  • Lee, Jae-Hyun; Jang, Jung-tak; Choi, Jin-sil
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 6, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2011.95

Coupling of the local defect and magnetic structure of wüstite Fe 1 x O
journal, October 2013

Size, Shape, and Internal Atomic Ordering of Nanocrystals by Atomic Pair Distribution Functions: A Comparative Study of γ-Fe 2 O 3 Nanosized Spheres and Tetrapods
journal, October 2009

  • Petkov, Valeri; Cozzoli, P. Davide; Buonsanti, Raffaella
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 131, Issue 40
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja9067589

Wasp-waisted hysteresis loops: Mineral magnetic characteristics and discrimination of components in mixed magnetic systems
journal, September 1995

  • Roberts, Andrew P.; Cui, Yulong; Verosub, Kenneth L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 100, Issue B9
  • DOI: 10.1029/95JB00672

Charge order and three-site distortions in the Verwey structure of magnetite
journal, December 2011

  • Senn, Mark S.; Wright, Jon P.; Attfield, J. Paul
  • Nature, Vol. 481, Issue 7380
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10704

Tuning Exchange Bias in Core/Shell FeO/Fe 3 O 4 Nanoparticles
journal, December 2011

  • Sun, Xiaolian; Frey Huls, Natalie; Sigdel, Aruna
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl2034514

An integrated study of thermal treatment effects on the microstructure and magnetic properties of Zn–ferrite nanoparticles
journal, January 2013

  • Antic, Bratislav; Perovic, Marija; Kremenovic, Aleksandar
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 25, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/25/8/086001

Applications of magnetic nanoparticles in biomedicine
journal, June 2003

  • Pankhurst, Q. A.; Connolly, J.; Jones, S. K.
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 36, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/36/13/201

Applications of exchange coupled bi-magnetic hard/soft and soft/hard magnetic core/shell nanoparticles
journal, February 2015

Antiphase boundaries induced exchange coupling in epitaxial Fe3O4 thin films
journal, February 2005

Colloidal Anisotropic ZnO–Fe@Fe x O y Nanoarchitectures with Interface-Mediated Exchange-Bias and Band-Edge Ultraviolet Fluorescence
journal, July 2012

  • Kostopoulou, Athanasia; Thétiot, Franck; Tsiaoussis, Ioannis
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm3008182

Calculations of defect clustering in Fe 1-x O
journal, October 1975

The Iron Oxides Strike Back: From Biomedical Applications to Energy Storage Devices and Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting
journal, July 2011

  • Tartaj, Pedro; Morales, Maria P.; Gonzalez-Carreño, Teresita
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201101368

Mechanism and controlled growth of shape and size variant core/shell FeO/Fe3O4 nanoparticles
journal, January 2013

  • Khurshid, Hafsa; Li, Wanfeng; Chandra, Sayan
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 5, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3nr02596a

Validity limits of the Néel relaxation model of magnetic nanoparticles for hyperthermia
journal, November 2009

Hard/soft magnetic heterostructures: model exchange-spring magnets
journal, October 1999

  • Fullerton, Eric E.; Jiang, J. S.; Bader, S. D.
  • Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol. 200, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0304-8853(99)00376-5

NIH Image to ImageJ: 25 years of image analysis
journal, June 2012

  • Schneider, Caroline A.; Rasband, Wayne S.; Eliceiri, Kevin W.
  • Nature Methods, Vol. 9, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmeth.2089

Synthesis process, size and composition effects of spherical Fe 3 O 4 and FeO@Fe 3 O 4 core/shell nanoparticles
journal, January 2017

  • Tancredi, Pablo; Rojas, Patricia C. Rivas; Moscoso-Londoño, Oscar
  • New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 41, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02558K

Synthesis of monodisperse iron oxide nanocrystals by thermal decomposition of iron carboxylate salts
journal, January 2004

  • Yu, William W.; Falkner, Joshua C.; Yavuz, Cafer T.
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1039/b409601k

The effects of pressure and temperature on nonstoichiometric wüstite, FexO: The iron-rich phase boundary
journal, February 1984

  • McCammon, C. A.; Liu, Lin-gun
  • Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 10, Issue 3, p. 106-113
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00309644

Origin of the large dispersion of magnetic properties in nanostructured oxides: Fe x O/Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles as a case study
journal, January 2015

  • Estrader, Marta; López-Ortega, Alberto; Golosovsky, Igor V.
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 7, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4NR06351A

Wüstite (Fe 1-x O): A review of its defect structure and physical properties
journal, January 1984

Size-Sorted Anionic Iron Oxide Nanomagnets as Colloidal Mediators for Magnetic Hyperthermia
journal, March 2007

  • Fortin, Jean-Paul; Wilhelm, Claire; Servais, Jacques
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 129, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja067457e

Affinement de la structure des formes ordonnée et désordonnée de l'octaoxopentaferrate de lithium, LiFe5O8
journal, December 1983

  • Tomas, A.; Laruelle, P.; Dormann, J. L.
  • Acta Crystallographica Section C Crystal Structure Communications, Vol. 39, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1107/S0108270183009488

A powder neutron diffraction investigation of vacancy ordering and covalence in γ-Fe2O3
journal, October 1983

A Simple Chemical Route toward Monodisperse Iron Carbide Nanoparticles Displaying Tunable Magnetic and Unprecedented Hyperthermia Properties
journal, January 2012

  • Meffre, Anca; Mehdaoui, Boubker; Kelsen, Vinciane
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl302160d

Characterization of Monodisperse Wüstite Nanoparticles following Partial Oxidation
journal, March 2010

  • Chen, Chih-Jung; Chiang, Ray-Kuang; Lai, Hsin-Yi
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 114, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp908153y

Origin of the Anomalous Magnetic Behavior in Single Crystal Fe 3 O 4 Films
journal, December 1997

Enhanced Magnetic Properties in Antiferromagnetic-Core/Ferrimagnetic-Shell Nanoparticles
journal, April 2015

  • Vasilakaki, Marianna; Trohidou, Kalliopi N.; Nogués, Josep
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep09609

Evaluation of iron-cobalt/ferrite core-shell nanoparticles for cancer thermotherapy
journal, April 2008

  • Habib, A. H.; Ondeck, C. L.; Chaudhary, P.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 103, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2830975

Mechanisms of hyperthermia in magnetic nanoparticles
journal, July 2013

Magnetic resonance of ferrite nanoparticles:
journal, July 1998

Tailoring magnetic properties of core∕shell nanoparticles
journal, August 2004

  • Zeng, Hao; Sun, Shouheng; Li, J.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 85, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1776632

Mössbauer study of ferric ions in the tetrahedral and octahedral sites of a spinel
journal, November 1966

Local order in wüstite using a pair distribution function (PDF) approach
journal, April 2014

Measurement of the displacement field of dislocations to 0.03 Å by electron microscopy
journal, May 2003

  • Hÿtch, Martin J.; Putaux, Jean-Luc; Pénisson, Jean-Michel
  • Nature, Vol. 423, Issue 6937
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature01638

Magnetic, Electronic, and Structural Characterization of Nonstoichiometric Iron Oxides at the Nanoscale
journal, November 2004

  • Redl, Franz X.; Black, Charles T.; Papaefthymiou, Georgia C.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 126, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja046808r

Jahn-Teller distortion driven magnetic polarons in magnetite
journal, June 2017

  • Huang, H. Y.; Chen, Z. Y.; Wang, R. -P.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15929

PDFfit2 and PDFgui: computer programs for studying nanostructure in crystals
journal, July 2007

Origin of reduced magnetization and domain formation in small magnetite nanoparticles
journal, April 2017

  • Nedelkoski, Zlatko; Kepaptsoglou, Demie; Lari, Leonardo
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep45997

Magnetically Triggered Dual Functional Nanoparticles for Resistance-Free Apoptotic Hyperthermia
journal, November 2013

  • Yoo, Dongwon; Jeong, Heeyeong; Noh, Seung-Hyun
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 52, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201306557

Static and dynamic magnetic properties of spherical magnetite nanoparticles
journal, September 2003

  • Goya, G. F.; Berquó, T. S.; Fonseca, F. C.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 94, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1599959

Exchange bias
journal, February 1999

Correlating Magneto-Structural Properties to Hyperthermia Performance of Highly Monodisperse Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Prepared by a Seeded-Growth Route
journal, September 2011

  • Levy, Michael; Quarta, Alessandra; Espinosa, Ana
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm201078f

Patterned Media: Nanofabrication Challenges of Future Disk Drives
journal, November 2008

Mastering the Shape and Composition of Dendronized Iron Oxide Nanoparticles To Tailor Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Hyperthermia
journal, September 2014

  • Walter, Aurélie; Billotey, Claire; Garofalo, Antonio
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 26, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm5019025

Surface and Internal Spin Canting in γ-Fe 2 O 3 Nanoparticles
journal, November 1999

  • Morales, M. P.; Veintemillas-Verdaguer, S.; Montero, M. I.
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm991018f

Nanoscale Magnetism Control via Surface and Exchange Anisotropy for Optimized Ferrimagnetic Hysteresis
journal, June 2012

  • Noh, Seung-hyun; Na, Wonjun; Jang, Jung-tak
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 12, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl301499u

Bimagnetic CoO Core/CoFe 2 O 4 Shell Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Magnetic Properties
journal, December 2011

  • Lima, Enio; Winkler, Elin L.; Tobia, Dina
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm2028959

Microstructural and Magnetic Investigations of Wüstite-Spinel Core-Shell Cubic-Shaped Nanoparticles
journal, June 2011

  • Pichon, Benoit P.; Gerber, Olivier; Lefevre, Christophe
  • Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/cm2003319

Theranostic Magnetic Nanoparticles
journal, October 2011

  • Yoo, Dongwon; Lee, Jae-Hyun; Shin, Tae-Hyun
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 44, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar200085c

Magnetic Structure and Vacancy Distribution in γ - Fe 2 O 3 by Neutron Diffraction
journal, November 1958

XXX. The structure of the spinel group of crystals
journal, August 1915

  • Bragg, W. H.
  • The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, Vol. 30, Issue 176
  • DOI: 10.1080/14786440808635400

Nanoparticle magnetism
journal, October 2009

Ultra-large-scale syntheses of monodisperse nanocrystals
journal, November 2004

  • Park, Jongnam; An, Kwangjin; Hwang, Yosun
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1251

Magnetically Triggered Dual Functional Nanoparticles for Resistance-Free Apoptotic Hyperthermia
journal, November 2013

  • Yoo, Dongwon; Jeong, Heeyeong; Noh, Seung-Hyun
  • Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 125, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1002/ange.201306557