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Title: Regional techno‐economic and life‐cycle analysis of the pyrolysis‐bioenergy‐biochar platform for carbon‐negative energy

Abstract

This study investigates the sensitivity of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the minimum fuel selling price for a 2000 metric ton day –1 integrated pyrolysis–bioenergy–biochar platform with respect to the biorefinery location and biomass types. The regional techno–economic and life–cycle analysis is evaluated in three US counties using representative crops: rice in Glenn County (California), corn in Hamilton County (Iowa), and peanuts in Jackson County (Florida). We evaluate the biochar selling price considering crop yield increases of 0.6%, 2.9%, and 10% after biochar application over 20 years in Glenn County, Hamilton County, and Jackson County, respectively. The biochar prices are calculated under low and high commodity prices to determine upper and lower bounds. Jackson County has the most economically beneficial scenario with an average minimum fuel selling price (MFSP) of 1.55 gal –1 of biofuel produced whereas Hamilton County has the highest average MFSP of 3.82 gal –1. The life–cycle analysis shows that woody biomass has a strong potential to produce carbon–negative energy compared to grass and straw. As a result, of the 304 cases scenarios considered for this platform, 64% could produce biofuel with negative GHG emissions, which would meet the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) target for cellulosic biofuels.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Computational Engineering Div.
  2. Indiana Univ. Purdue Univ. Indianapolis, IN (United States). School of Public and Environmental Affairs
  3. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Agronomy
  4. Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Bioeconomy Inst. and Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1575869
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1564420
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-771037
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-104X; 962497
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; AC52‐07NA27344; LLNL‐JRNL‐771037
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-104X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; fast pyrolysis; regional techno-economic analysis; life cycle analysis; carbon-negative energy

Citation Formats

Li, Wenqin, Dumortier, Jerome, Dokoohaki, Hamze, Miguez, Fernando E., Brown, Robert C., Laird, David, and Wright, Mark M. Regional techno‐economic and life‐cycle analysis of the pyrolysis‐bioenergy‐biochar platform for carbon‐negative energy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/bbb.2043.
Li, Wenqin, Dumortier, Jerome, Dokoohaki, Hamze, Miguez, Fernando E., Brown, Robert C., Laird, David, & Wright, Mark M. Regional techno‐economic and life‐cycle analysis of the pyrolysis‐bioenergy‐biochar platform for carbon‐negative energy. United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.2043.
Li, Wenqin, Dumortier, Jerome, Dokoohaki, Hamze, Miguez, Fernando E., Brown, Robert C., Laird, David, and Wright, Mark M. Fri . "Regional techno‐economic and life‐cycle analysis of the pyrolysis‐bioenergy‐biochar platform for carbon‐negative energy". United States. doi:10.1002/bbb.2043.
@article{osti_1575869,
title = {Regional techno‐economic and life‐cycle analysis of the pyrolysis‐bioenergy‐biochar platform for carbon‐negative energy},
author = {Li, Wenqin and Dumortier, Jerome and Dokoohaki, Hamze and Miguez, Fernando E. and Brown, Robert C. and Laird, David and Wright, Mark M.},
abstractNote = {This study investigates the sensitivity of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the minimum fuel selling price for a 2000 metric ton day–1 integrated pyrolysis–bioenergy–biochar platform with respect to the biorefinery location and biomass types. The regional techno–economic and life–cycle analysis is evaluated in three US counties using representative crops: rice in Glenn County (California), corn in Hamilton County (Iowa), and peanuts in Jackson County (Florida). We evaluate the biochar selling price considering crop yield increases of 0.6%, 2.9%, and 10% after biochar application over 20 years in Glenn County, Hamilton County, and Jackson County, respectively. The biochar prices are calculated under low and high commodity prices to determine upper and lower bounds. Jackson County has the most economically beneficial scenario with an average minimum fuel selling price (MFSP) of 1.55 gal–1 of biofuel produced whereas Hamilton County has the highest average MFSP of 3.82 gal–1. The life–cycle analysis shows that woody biomass has a strong potential to produce carbon–negative energy compared to grass and straw. As a result, of the 304 cases scenarios considered for this platform, 64% could produce biofuel with negative GHG emissions, which would meet the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) target for cellulosic biofuels.},
doi = {10.1002/bbb.2043},
journal = {Biofuels, Bioproducts & Biorefining},
number = 6,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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