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Title: The Density Dependence of Edge-Localized-Mode Suppression and Pump-out by Resonant Magnetic Perturbations in the DIII-D Tokamak

Abstract

Here, the density dependence of edge-localized-mode (ELM) suppression and density pump-out (density reduction) by $n$ = 2 resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) is consistent with the effects of narrow well-separated magnetic islands at the top and bottom of the H-mode pedestal in DIII-D low-collisionality plasmas. Nonlinear two-fluid MHD simulations for DIII-D ITER Similar Shape (ISS) discharges show that, at low collisionality ($$v^*_e<0.5$$), low pedestal density is required for resonant field penetration at the pedestal top ($$n_{e,ped} ≈ 2.5x10^{19}$$ m -3 at $Ψ$N≈0.93), consistent with the ubiquitous low density requirement for ELM suppression in these DIII-D plasmas. The simulations predict a drop in the pedestal pressure due to parallel transport across these narrow width ($$Δ_{ΨN}≈0.02$$) magnetic islands at the top of the pedestal that is stabilizing to Peeling-Ballooning-Modes (PBMs), and comparable to the pedestal pressure reduction observed in experiment at the onset of ELM suppression. The simulations predict density pump-out at experimentally relevant levels ($$Δn_e/n_e≈-20%$$) at low pedestal collisionality (n*e≈0.1) due to very narrow ($$Δ_{ΨN}≈0.01-0.02$$) RMP driven magnetic islands at the pedestal foot at $Ψ$N$≈0.99$. The simulations show decreasing pump-out with increasing density, consistent with experiment, resulting from the inverse dependence of parallel particle transport on collisionality at the foot of the pedestal. The robust screening of resonant fields is implicated between the top and bottom of the pedestal during density pump-out and ELM suppression, consistent with the preservation of strong temperature gradients in the edge transport barrier as seen in experiment.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Max Planck Society, Garching (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
OSTI Identifier:
1575408
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1577917
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC02-04ER54698; SC0015878; AC02-09CH11466; FOA-0001386; DESC0015878
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Hu, Q.M., Nazikian, R., Grierson, B., Logan, N.C., Park, J-K, Paz-Soldan, C., and Yu, Q. The Density Dependence of Edge-Localized-Mode Suppression and Pump-out by Resonant Magnetic Perturbations in the DIII-D Tokamak. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5134767.
Hu, Q.M., Nazikian, R., Grierson, B., Logan, N.C., Park, J-K, Paz-Soldan, C., & Yu, Q. The Density Dependence of Edge-Localized-Mode Suppression and Pump-out by Resonant Magnetic Perturbations in the DIII-D Tokamak. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5134767.
Hu, Q.M., Nazikian, R., Grierson, B., Logan, N.C., Park, J-K, Paz-Soldan, C., and Yu, Q. Tue . "The Density Dependence of Edge-Localized-Mode Suppression and Pump-out by Resonant Magnetic Perturbations in the DIII-D Tokamak". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5134767.
@article{osti_1575408,
title = {The Density Dependence of Edge-Localized-Mode Suppression and Pump-out by Resonant Magnetic Perturbations in the DIII-D Tokamak},
author = {Hu, Q.M. and Nazikian, R. and Grierson, B. and Logan, N.C. and Park, J-K and Paz-Soldan, C. and Yu, Q.},
abstractNote = {Here, the density dependence of edge-localized-mode (ELM) suppression and density pump-out (density reduction) by $n$ = 2 resonant magnetic perturbations (RMPs) is consistent with the effects of narrow well-separated magnetic islands at the top and bottom of the H-mode pedestal in DIII-D low-collisionality plasmas. Nonlinear two-fluid MHD simulations for DIII-D ITER Similar Shape (ISS) discharges show that, at low collisionality ($v^*_e<0.5$), low pedestal density is required for resonant field penetration at the pedestal top ($n_{e,ped} ≈ 2.5x10^{19}$ m-3 at $Ψ$N≈0.93), consistent with the ubiquitous low density requirement for ELM suppression in these DIII-D plasmas. The simulations predict a drop in the pedestal pressure due to parallel transport across these narrow width ($Δ_{ΨN}≈0.02$) magnetic islands at the top of the pedestal that is stabilizing to Peeling-Ballooning-Modes (PBMs), and comparable to the pedestal pressure reduction observed in experiment at the onset of ELM suppression. The simulations predict density pump-out at experimentally relevant levels ($Δn_e/n_e≈-20%$) at low pedestal collisionality (n*e≈0.1) due to very narrow ($Δ_{ΨN}≈0.01-0.02$) RMP driven magnetic islands at the pedestal foot at $Ψ$N$≈0.99$. The simulations show decreasing pump-out with increasing density, consistent with experiment, resulting from the inverse dependence of parallel particle transport on collisionality at the foot of the pedestal. The robust screening of resonant fields is implicated between the top and bottom of the pedestal during density pump-out and ELM suppression, consistent with the preservation of strong temperature gradients in the edge transport barrier as seen in experiment.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5134767},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 12,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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