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Title: Fast Charging of Li-Ion Cells: Part II. Nonlinear Contributions to Cell and Electrode Polarization

Abstract

In this series, Li/Cu microprobes are used to monitor potentials of individual electrodes in situ during high-rate charging of Li-ion cells. Here we focus on capacity-limited charging of these cells to 6C, and present a general treatment of polarization that allows for data reduction and accurate interpolation/extrapolation over a wide range of charge rates. We show that the anode impedance as measured both using this new treatment and the more established pulsed-current techniques is not significantly changed after high-rate aging of the cell, including the conditions under which Li plating has occurred. Our measurements suggest that the changes in cell and electrode polarization to a large extent occur through nonlinear effects that involve time-delayed processes. An electrochemical model that includes phase dynamics in lithiated graphite is shown to capture some but not all of the observed trends suggesting that important facets of the high-rate behavior need to be included in such models.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1574988
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 166; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; NCM523; electrochemical modeling; graphite; impedance; layered oxides; lithium plating; Batteries - Lithium; Electrochemical Engineering; Energy Storage

Citation Formats

Shkrob, Ilya A., Rodrigues, Marco-Tulio Fonseca, Dees, Dennis W., and Abraham, Daniel P. Fast Charging of Li-Ion Cells: Part II. Nonlinear Contributions to Cell and Electrode Polarization. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1149/2.0561914jes.
Shkrob, Ilya A., Rodrigues, Marco-Tulio Fonseca, Dees, Dennis W., & Abraham, Daniel P. Fast Charging of Li-Ion Cells: Part II. Nonlinear Contributions to Cell and Electrode Polarization. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0561914jes.
Shkrob, Ilya A., Rodrigues, Marco-Tulio Fonseca, Dees, Dennis W., and Abraham, Daniel P. Mon . "Fast Charging of Li-Ion Cells: Part II. Nonlinear Contributions to Cell and Electrode Polarization". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0561914jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1574988.
@article{osti_1574988,
title = {Fast Charging of Li-Ion Cells: Part II. Nonlinear Contributions to Cell and Electrode Polarization},
author = {Shkrob, Ilya A. and Rodrigues, Marco-Tulio Fonseca and Dees, Dennis W. and Abraham, Daniel P.},
abstractNote = {In this series, Li/Cu microprobes are used to monitor potentials of individual electrodes in situ during high-rate charging of Li-ion cells. Here we focus on capacity-limited charging of these cells to 6C, and present a general treatment of polarization that allows for data reduction and accurate interpolation/extrapolation over a wide range of charge rates. We show that the anode impedance as measured both using this new treatment and the more established pulsed-current techniques is not significantly changed after high-rate aging of the cell, including the conditions under which Li plating has occurred. Our measurements suggest that the changes in cell and electrode polarization to a large extent occur through nonlinear effects that involve time-delayed processes. An electrochemical model that includes phase dynamics in lithiated graphite is shown to capture some but not all of the observed trends suggesting that important facets of the high-rate behavior need to be included in such models.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0561914jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 14,
volume = 166,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

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