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Title: Explosion hazards from lithium-ion battery vent gas

Abstract

Lithium-ion battery technology is rapidly being adopted in transportation applications and energy storage industries. Safety concerns, in particular, fire and explosion hazards, are threatening widespread adoption. In some failure events, lithium-ion cells can undergo thermal runaway, which can result in the release of flammable gases that pose fire and explosion hazards for the compartment housing the cells. However, there is little available information characterizing the flammability properties of the gases released after cell thermal runaway. In this study, analytical and modeling methods to estimate explosion characteristics, such as lower flammability limit, laminar flame speed, and maximum over-pressure are evaluated for use in quantifying the effect of cell chemistry, state-of-charge and other parameters on the overall explosion hazard potential for confined cells.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering; Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Building Fire & Safety Dept.
  2. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1574807
Report Number(s):
SAND2019-6428J
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753; 676113
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 446; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Baird, Austin R., Archibald, Erik J., Marr, Kevin C., and Ezekoye, Ofodike A. Explosion hazards from lithium-ion battery vent gas. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227257.
Baird, Austin R., Archibald, Erik J., Marr, Kevin C., & Ezekoye, Ofodike A. Explosion hazards from lithium-ion battery vent gas. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227257.
Baird, Austin R., Archibald, Erik J., Marr, Kevin C., and Ezekoye, Ofodike A. Wed . "Explosion hazards from lithium-ion battery vent gas". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227257.
@article{osti_1574807,
title = {Explosion hazards from lithium-ion battery vent gas},
author = {Baird, Austin R. and Archibald, Erik J. and Marr, Kevin C. and Ezekoye, Ofodike A.},
abstractNote = {Lithium-ion battery technology is rapidly being adopted in transportation applications and energy storage industries. Safety concerns, in particular, fire and explosion hazards, are threatening widespread adoption. In some failure events, lithium-ion cells can undergo thermal runaway, which can result in the release of flammable gases that pose fire and explosion hazards for the compartment housing the cells. However, there is little available information characterizing the flammability properties of the gases released after cell thermal runaway. In this study, analytical and modeling methods to estimate explosion characteristics, such as lower flammability limit, laminar flame speed, and maximum over-pressure are evaluated for use in quantifying the effect of cell chemistry, state-of-charge and other parameters on the overall explosion hazard potential for confined cells.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.227257},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 446,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on January 15, 2021
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