skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on November 4, 2020

Title: Energy storage design considerations for an MVDC power system

Abstract

The U.S. Navy is investing in the creation of new technologies that broaden warship capabilities and maintain U.S. naval superiority. Specifically, Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) is supporting the development of power systems technologies that enable the Navy to realise an all-electric warship. A concern to fielding an all-electric power system architecture includes minimising the size of energy storage systems (ESS) while maintaining the response times necessary to support potential pulsed loads. This work explores the trade-off between energy storage size requirements (i.e. mass) and performance (i.e. peak power, energy storage, and control bandwidth) in the context of a power system architecture that meets the needs of the U.S. Navy. In this work, the simulated time domain responses of a representative power system were evaluated under different loading conditions and control parameters, and the findings were considered in conjunction with sizing constraints of and estimated specific power and energy densities of various storage technologies. The simulation scenarios were based on representative operational vignettes, and a Ragone plot was used to illustrate the intersection of potential energy storage sizing with the energy and power density requirements of the system. Furthermore, the energy storage control bandwidth requirements were evaluated by simulation formore » different loading scenarios. Two approaches were taken to design an ESS: one based only on time domain power and energy requirements from simulation and another based on bandwidth (specific frequency) limitations of various technologies.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA), Washington, DC (United States)
  3. NAVSEA, Naval Sea Systems Command, Washington, DC, USA
  4. McCoy Consulting, Box Elder, ND (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1574454
Report Number(s):
SAND-2019-12562J
Journal ID: ISSN 2046-4177; 680447
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Marine Engineering & Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Marine Engineering & Technology; Journal ID: ISSN 2046-4177
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
energy storage; frequency response; control; integration; pulsed loads

Citation Formats

Rashkin, Lee J., Neely, Jason C., Wilson, David G., Glover, Steven F., Doerry, Norbert, Markle, Stephen, and McCoy, Timothy J. Energy storage design considerations for an MVDC power system. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1080/20464177.2019.1686329.
Rashkin, Lee J., Neely, Jason C., Wilson, David G., Glover, Steven F., Doerry, Norbert, Markle, Stephen, & McCoy, Timothy J. Energy storage design considerations for an MVDC power system. United States. doi:10.1080/20464177.2019.1686329.
Rashkin, Lee J., Neely, Jason C., Wilson, David G., Glover, Steven F., Doerry, Norbert, Markle, Stephen, and McCoy, Timothy J. Mon . "Energy storage design considerations for an MVDC power system". United States. doi:10.1080/20464177.2019.1686329.
@article{osti_1574454,
title = {Energy storage design considerations for an MVDC power system},
author = {Rashkin, Lee J. and Neely, Jason C. and Wilson, David G. and Glover, Steven F. and Doerry, Norbert and Markle, Stephen and McCoy, Timothy J.},
abstractNote = {The U.S. Navy is investing in the creation of new technologies that broaden warship capabilities and maintain U.S. naval superiority. Specifically, Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) is supporting the development of power systems technologies that enable the Navy to realise an all-electric warship. A concern to fielding an all-electric power system architecture includes minimising the size of energy storage systems (ESS) while maintaining the response times necessary to support potential pulsed loads. This work explores the trade-off between energy storage size requirements (i.e. mass) and performance (i.e. peak power, energy storage, and control bandwidth) in the context of a power system architecture that meets the needs of the U.S. Navy. In this work, the simulated time domain responses of a representative power system were evaluated under different loading conditions and control parameters, and the findings were considered in conjunction with sizing constraints of and estimated specific power and energy densities of various storage technologies. The simulation scenarios were based on representative operational vignettes, and a Ragone plot was used to illustrate the intersection of potential energy storage sizing with the energy and power density requirements of the system. Furthermore, the energy storage control bandwidth requirements were evaluated by simulation for different loading scenarios. Two approaches were taken to design an ESS: one based only on time domain power and energy requirements from simulation and another based on bandwidth (specific frequency) limitations of various technologies.},
doi = {10.1080/20464177.2019.1686329},
journal = {Journal of Marine Engineering & Technology},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on November 4, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Technical cross-fertilization between terrestrial microgrids and ship power systems
journal, May 2015

  • Hebner, Robert E.; Uriarte, Fabian M.; Kwasinski, Alexis
  • Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, Vol. 4, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s40565-015-0108-0

Review of Ship Microgrids: System Architectures, Storage Technologies and Power Quality Aspects
journal, February 2017


Efficient Model Predictive Control Strategies for Resource Management in an Islanded Microgrid
journal, July 2017

  • Oh, Seaseung; Chae, Suyong; Neely, Jason
  • Energies, Vol. 10, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.3390/en10071008

CW 100 kW radio frequency-free-electron laser design at 10 mu m
journal, January 1991

  • Parazzoli, C. G.; Rodenburg, R. E.; Romero, J. B.
  • IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 27, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1109/3.104139

Heterogeneous Energy Storage Optimization for Microgrids
journal, May 2016

  • Qiu, Xin; Nguyen, Tu A.; Crow, Mariesa L.
  • IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/TSG.2015.2461134

Comprehensive Review of Stability Criteria for DC Power Distribution Systems
journal, September 2014

  • Riccobono, Antonino; Santi, Enrico
  • IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 50, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/TIA.2014.2309800

Small-signal model predictive control based resilient energy storage management strategy for all electric ship MVDC voltage stabilization
journal, February 2019


Energy Storage Requirements for PV Power Ramp Rate Control in Northern Europe
journal, January 2016

  • Schnabel, Julius; Valkealahti, Seppo
  • International Journal of Photoenergy, Vol. 2016
  • DOI: 10.1155/2016/2863479

NiCo2O4-Based Supercapacitor Nanomaterials
journal, February 2017

  • Wang, Chenggang; Zhou, E.; He, Weidong
  • Nanomaterials, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3390/nano7020041

Distributed control and energy storage requirements of networked Dc microgrids
journal, November 2015