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Title: Design of dynamic screw pinch experiments for magnetized liner inertial fusion

Abstract

Magnetic implosion of cylindrical metallic shells (liners) is an effective method for compressing preheated, premagnetized fusion fuel to thermonuclear conditions [M. R. Gomez et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 155003 (2014)] but suffers from magneto-Rayleigh–Taylor instabilities (MRTI) that limit the attainable fuel pressure, density, and temperature. A novel method proposed by Schmit et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 205001 (2016)] uses a helical magnetic drive field with a dynamic polarization at the outer surface of the liner during implosion, reducing (linear) MRTI growth by one to two orders of magnitude via a solid liner dynamic screw pinch (SLDSP) effect. This report investigates the design features necessary for successful experimental implementation of this concept. Whereas typical experiments employ purely azimuthal drive fields to implode initially solid liners, SLDSP experiments establish a helical drive field at the liner outer surface, resulting in enhanced average magnetic pressure per unit drive current, mild spatial nonuniformities in the magnetic drive pressure, and augmented static initial inductance in the pulsed-power drive circuit. Each of these topics has been addressed using transient magnetic and magnetohydrodynamic simulations; the results have led to a credible design space for SLDSP experiments on the Z Facility. We qualitatively assess the stabilizingmore » effects of the SLDSP mechanism by comparing MRTI growth in a liner implosion simulation driven by an azimuthal magnetic field vs one driven with a helical magnetic field; the findings imply an apparent reduction in MRTI growth when a helical drive field is employed.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1574452
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1569299
Report Number(s):
SAND-2019-12504J
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; 680405
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA-0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Shipley, Gabriel A., Jennings, Christopher Ashley, and Schmit, Paul F. Design of dynamic screw pinch experiments for magnetized liner inertial fusion. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5120529.
Shipley, Gabriel A., Jennings, Christopher Ashley, & Schmit, Paul F. Design of dynamic screw pinch experiments for magnetized liner inertial fusion. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5120529.
Shipley, Gabriel A., Jennings, Christopher Ashley, and Schmit, Paul F. Fri . "Design of dynamic screw pinch experiments for magnetized liner inertial fusion". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5120529.
@article{osti_1574452,
title = {Design of dynamic screw pinch experiments for magnetized liner inertial fusion},
author = {Shipley, Gabriel A. and Jennings, Christopher Ashley and Schmit, Paul F.},
abstractNote = {Magnetic implosion of cylindrical metallic shells (liners) is an effective method for compressing preheated, premagnetized fusion fuel to thermonuclear conditions [M. R. Gomez et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 155003 (2014)] but suffers from magneto-Rayleigh–Taylor instabilities (MRTI) that limit the attainable fuel pressure, density, and temperature. A novel method proposed by Schmit et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 205001 (2016)] uses a helical magnetic drive field with a dynamic polarization at the outer surface of the liner during implosion, reducing (linear) MRTI growth by one to two orders of magnitude via a solid liner dynamic screw pinch (SLDSP) effect. This report investigates the design features necessary for successful experimental implementation of this concept. Whereas typical experiments employ purely azimuthal drive fields to implode initially solid liners, SLDSP experiments establish a helical drive field at the liner outer surface, resulting in enhanced average magnetic pressure per unit drive current, mild spatial nonuniformities in the magnetic drive pressure, and augmented static initial inductance in the pulsed-power drive circuit. Each of these topics has been addressed using transient magnetic and magnetohydrodynamic simulations; the results have led to a credible design space for SLDSP experiments on the Z Facility. We qualitatively assess the stabilizing effects of the SLDSP mechanism by comparing MRTI growth in a liner implosion simulation driven by an azimuthal magnetic field vs one driven with a helical magnetic field; the findings imply an apparent reduction in MRTI growth when a helical drive field is employed.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5120529},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 10,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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