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Title: Optically oriented attachment of nanoscale metal-semiconductor heterostructures in organic solvents via photonic nanosoldering

Abstract

As devices approach the single-nanoparticle scale, the rational assembly of nanomaterial heterojunctions remains a persistent challenge. While optical traps can manipulate objects in three dimensions, to date, nanoscale materials have been trapped primarily in aqueous solvents or vacuum. Here, we demonstrate the use of optical traps to manipulate, align, and assemble metal-seeded nanowire building blocks in a range of organic solvents. Anisotropic radiation pressure generates an optical torque that orients each nanowire, and subsequent trapping of aligned nanowires enables deterministic fabrication of arbitrarily long heterostructures of periodically repeating bismuth-nanocrystal/germanium-nanowire junctions. Heat transport calculations, back-focal-plane interferometry, and optical images reveal that the bismuth nanocrystal melts during trapping, facilitating tip-to-tail “nanosoldering” of the germanium nanowires. These bismuth-semiconductor interfaces may be useful for quantum computing or thermoelectric applications. In addition, the ability to trap nanostructures in oxygen- and water-free organic media broadly expands the library of materials available for optical manipulation and single-particle spectroscopy.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
  2. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Molecular Engineering & Sciences Inst.; Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Clean Energy Inst.
  3. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Molecular Engineering & Sciences Inst.; Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nano-Engineered Systems; Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF); US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)
OSTI Identifier:
1574388
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-147566
Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; ECC-1542101; FA95501210400
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Crane, Matthew J., Pandres, Elena P., Davis, E. James, Holmberg, Vincent C., and Pauzauskie, Peter J. Optically oriented attachment of nanoscale metal-semiconductor heterostructures in organic solvents via photonic nanosoldering. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12827-w.
Crane, Matthew J., Pandres, Elena P., Davis, E. James, Holmberg, Vincent C., & Pauzauskie, Peter J. Optically oriented attachment of nanoscale metal-semiconductor heterostructures in organic solvents via photonic nanosoldering. United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12827-w.
Crane, Matthew J., Pandres, Elena P., Davis, E. James, Holmberg, Vincent C., and Pauzauskie, Peter J. Wed . "Optically oriented attachment of nanoscale metal-semiconductor heterostructures in organic solvents via photonic nanosoldering". United States. doi:10.1038/s41467-019-12827-w. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1574388.
@article{osti_1574388,
title = {Optically oriented attachment of nanoscale metal-semiconductor heterostructures in organic solvents via photonic nanosoldering},
author = {Crane, Matthew J. and Pandres, Elena P. and Davis, E. James and Holmberg, Vincent C. and Pauzauskie, Peter J.},
abstractNote = {As devices approach the single-nanoparticle scale, the rational assembly of nanomaterial heterojunctions remains a persistent challenge. While optical traps can manipulate objects in three dimensions, to date, nanoscale materials have been trapped primarily in aqueous solvents or vacuum. Here, we demonstrate the use of optical traps to manipulate, align, and assemble metal-seeded nanowire building blocks in a range of organic solvents. Anisotropic radiation pressure generates an optical torque that orients each nanowire, and subsequent trapping of aligned nanowires enables deterministic fabrication of arbitrarily long heterostructures of periodically repeating bismuth-nanocrystal/germanium-nanowire junctions. Heat transport calculations, back-focal-plane interferometry, and optical images reveal that the bismuth nanocrystal melts during trapping, facilitating tip-to-tail “nanosoldering” of the germanium nanowires. These bismuth-semiconductor interfaces may be useful for quantum computing or thermoelectric applications. In addition, the ability to trap nanostructures in oxygen- and water-free organic media broadly expands the library of materials available for optical manipulation and single-particle spectroscopy.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-12827-w},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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