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Title: Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO 2 fertilization of global plant biomass

Abstract

Elevated CO 2 (eCO 2) experiments provide critical information to quantify the effects of rising CO 2 on vegetation. Many eCO 2 experiments suggest that nutrient limitations modulate the local magnitude of the eCO 2 effect on plant biomass, but the global extent of these limitations has not been empirically quantified, complicating projections of the capacity of plants to take up CO 2. Here, we present a data-driven global quantification of the eCO 2 effect on biomass based on 138 eCO 2 experiments. The strength of CO 2 fertilization is primarily driven by nitrogen (N) in ~65% of global vegetation and by phosphorus (P) in ~25% of global vegetation, with N- or P-limitation modulated by mycorrhizal association. Our approach suggests that CO 2 levels expected by 2100 can potentially enhance plant biomass by 12 ± 3% above current values, equivalent to 59 ± 13 PgC. The global-scale response to eCO 2 we derive from experiments is similar to past changes in greenness and biomass with rising CO 2, suggesting that CO 2 will continue to stimulate plant biomass in the future despite the constraining effect of soil nutrients. Furthermore, our research reconciles conflicting evidence on CO 2 fertilization across scalesmore » and provides an empirical estimate of the biomass sensitivity to eCO 2 that may help to constrain climate projections.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [7];  [8]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [10]; ORCiD logo [11];  [12]; ORCiD logo [13]; ORCiD logo [14]; ORCiD logo [15]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [16];  [17]; ORCiD logo [18];  [19] more »;  [20];  [21];  [22]; ORCiD logo [2];  [23];  [24];  [25];  [26];  [27];  [10];  [28];  [12] « less
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Univ. Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain); International Inst. for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg (Austria)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  3. Imperial College London, Ascot (United Kingdom); Macquarie Univ., New South Wales (Australia); Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  4. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Vienna, Vienna (Austria); International Inst. for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg (Austria)
  6. Univ. of Antwerp, Wilrijk (Belgium)
  7. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  8. Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States); Western Sydney Univ., New South Wales (Australia)
  9. CREAF, Cerdanyola del Vallès (Spain)
  10. Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff, AZ (United States)
  11. CREAF, Cerdanyola del Vallès (Spain); Global Ecology Unit CREAF-CEAB-UAB, Bellaterra (Spain)
  12. International Inst. for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg (Austria)
  13. Leiden Univ., Leiden (The Netherlands)
  14. James Cook Univ., Queensland (Australia)
  15. Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States)
  16. Peking Univ., Beijing (China); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
  17. AgResearch, Palmerston North (New Zealand)
  18. Univ. of Tasmania, Tasmania (Australia)
  19. United States Dept. of Agriculture, Fort Collins, CO (United States)
  20. Nanjing Univ. of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing (China)
  21. Justus Liebig Univ. of Giessen, Giessen (Germany); Univ. College Dublin, Belfield (Ireland)
  22. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa (Republic of Panama)
  23. Maastricht Univ., Maastricht (The Netherlands)
  24. Utrecht Univ., Utrecht (The Netherlands)
  25. Wageningen Univ., Wageningen (The Netherlands)
  26. Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu (Japan)
  27. Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan)
  28. USDA, Agricultural Research Service, Temple, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1574338
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-05CH11231; MDM-2015-0552; ERC-2013-SyG-610028; NNH17AE86I]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Climate Change
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 9]; Journal ID: ISSN 1758-678X
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Terrer, César, Jackson, Robert B., Prentice, I. Colin, Keenan, Trevor F., Kaiser, Christina, Vicca, Sara, Fisher, Joshua B., Reich, Peter B., Stocker, Benjamin D., Hungate, Bruce A., Peñuelas, Josep, McCallum, Ian, Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A., Cernusak, Lucas A., Talhelm, Alan F., Van Sundert, Kevin, Piao, Shilong, Newton, Paul C. D., Hovenden, Mark J., Blumenthal, Dana M., Liu, Yi Y., Müller, Christoph, Winter, Klaus, Field, Christopher B., Viechtbauer, Wolfgang, Van Lissa, Caspar J., Hoosbeek, Marcel R., Watanabe, Makoto, Koike, Takayoshi, Leshyk, Victor O., Polley, H. Wayne, and Franklin, Oskar. Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41558-019-0545-2.
Terrer, César, Jackson, Robert B., Prentice, I. Colin, Keenan, Trevor F., Kaiser, Christina, Vicca, Sara, Fisher, Joshua B., Reich, Peter B., Stocker, Benjamin D., Hungate, Bruce A., Peñuelas, Josep, McCallum, Ian, Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A., Cernusak, Lucas A., Talhelm, Alan F., Van Sundert, Kevin, Piao, Shilong, Newton, Paul C. D., Hovenden, Mark J., Blumenthal, Dana M., Liu, Yi Y., Müller, Christoph, Winter, Klaus, Field, Christopher B., Viechtbauer, Wolfgang, Van Lissa, Caspar J., Hoosbeek, Marcel R., Watanabe, Makoto, Koike, Takayoshi, Leshyk, Victor O., Polley, H. Wayne, & Franklin, Oskar. Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass. United States. doi:10.1038/s41558-019-0545-2.
Terrer, César, Jackson, Robert B., Prentice, I. Colin, Keenan, Trevor F., Kaiser, Christina, Vicca, Sara, Fisher, Joshua B., Reich, Peter B., Stocker, Benjamin D., Hungate, Bruce A., Peñuelas, Josep, McCallum, Ian, Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A., Cernusak, Lucas A., Talhelm, Alan F., Van Sundert, Kevin, Piao, Shilong, Newton, Paul C. D., Hovenden, Mark J., Blumenthal, Dana M., Liu, Yi Y., Müller, Christoph, Winter, Klaus, Field, Christopher B., Viechtbauer, Wolfgang, Van Lissa, Caspar J., Hoosbeek, Marcel R., Watanabe, Makoto, Koike, Takayoshi, Leshyk, Victor O., Polley, H. Wayne, and Franklin, Oskar. Mon . "Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass". United States. doi:10.1038/s41558-019-0545-2.
@article{osti_1574338,
title = {Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass},
author = {Terrer, César and Jackson, Robert B. and Prentice, I. Colin and Keenan, Trevor F. and Kaiser, Christina and Vicca, Sara and Fisher, Joshua B. and Reich, Peter B. and Stocker, Benjamin D. and Hungate, Bruce A. and Peñuelas, Josep and McCallum, Ian and Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A. and Cernusak, Lucas A. and Talhelm, Alan F. and Van Sundert, Kevin and Piao, Shilong and Newton, Paul C. D. and Hovenden, Mark J. and Blumenthal, Dana M. and Liu, Yi Y. and Müller, Christoph and Winter, Klaus and Field, Christopher B. and Viechtbauer, Wolfgang and Van Lissa, Caspar J. and Hoosbeek, Marcel R. and Watanabe, Makoto and Koike, Takayoshi and Leshyk, Victor O. and Polley, H. Wayne and Franklin, Oskar},
abstractNote = {Elevated CO2 (eCO2) experiments provide critical information to quantify the effects of rising CO2 on vegetation. Many eCO2 experiments suggest that nutrient limitations modulate the local magnitude of the eCO2 effect on plant biomass, but the global extent of these limitations has not been empirically quantified, complicating projections of the capacity of plants to take up CO2. Here, we present a data-driven global quantification of the eCO2 effect on biomass based on 138 eCO2 experiments. The strength of CO2 fertilization is primarily driven by nitrogen (N) in ~65% of global vegetation and by phosphorus (P) in ~25% of global vegetation, with N- or P-limitation modulated by mycorrhizal association. Our approach suggests that CO2 levels expected by 2100 can potentially enhance plant biomass by 12 ± 3% above current values, equivalent to 59 ± 13 PgC. The global-scale response to eCO2 we derive from experiments is similar to past changes in greenness and biomass with rising CO2, suggesting that CO2 will continue to stimulate plant biomass in the future despite the constraining effect of soil nutrients. Furthermore, our research reconciles conflicting evidence on CO2 fertilization across scales and provides an empirical estimate of the biomass sensitivity to eCO2 that may help to constrain climate projections.},
doi = {10.1038/s41558-019-0545-2},
journal = {Nature Climate Change},
number = [9],
volume = [9],
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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