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Title: Fast identification of mineral inclusions in diamond at GSECARS using synchrotron X-ray microtomography, radiography and diffraction

Abstract

Mineral inclusions in natural diamond are widely studied for the insight that they provide into the geochemistry and dynamics of the Earth's interior. A major challenge in achieving thorough yet high rates of analysis of mineral inclusions in diamond derives from the micrometre-scale of most inclusions, often requiring synchrotron radiation sources for diffraction. Centering microinclusions for diffraction with a highly focused synchrotron beam cannot be achieved optically because of the very high index of refraction of diamond. A fast, high-throughput method for identification of micromineral inclusions in diamond has been developed at the GeoSoilEnviro Center for Advanced Radiation Sources (GSECARS), Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, USA. Diamonds and their inclusions are imaged using synchrotron 3D computed X-ray microtomography on beamline 13-BM-D of GSECARS. The location of every inclusion is then pinpointed onto the coordinate system of the six-circle goniometer of the single-crystal diffractometer on beamline 13-BM-C. Because the bending magnet branch 13-BM is divided and delivered into 13-BM-C and 13-BM-D stations simultaneously, numerous diamonds can be examined during coordinated runs. The fast, high-throughput capability of the methodology is demonstrated by collecting 3D diffraction data on 53 diamond inclusions from Juína, Brazil, within a total of about 72 h ofmore » beam time.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [2];  [4];  [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [3]
  1. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Earth and Planetary Sciences
  2. Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI (United States). Hawaii Inst. of Geophysics and Planetology
  3. Univ. of Alberta, Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences
  4. The Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States). Center for Advanced Radiation Sources
  5. Carnegie Inst. for Science, Washington, D.C. (United States). Dept. of Terrestrial Magnetism
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Programs (DP) (NA-10)
OSTI Identifier:
1574022
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003858
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online); Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5775
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
07 ISOTOPE AND RADIATION SOURCES; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 58 GEOSCIENCES; diamond; minerals; microinclusions; computed microtomography; microdiffraction; radiography

Citation Formats

Wenz, Michelle D., Jacobsen, Steven D., Zhang, Dongzhou, Regier, Margo, Bausch, Hannah J., Dera, Przemyslaw K., Rivers, Mark, Eng, Peter, Shirey, Steven B., and Pearson, D. Graham. Fast identification of mineral inclusions in diamond at GSECARS using synchrotron X-ray microtomography, radiography and diffraction. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1107/S1600577519006854.
Wenz, Michelle D., Jacobsen, Steven D., Zhang, Dongzhou, Regier, Margo, Bausch, Hannah J., Dera, Przemyslaw K., Rivers, Mark, Eng, Peter, Shirey, Steven B., & Pearson, D. Graham. Fast identification of mineral inclusions in diamond at GSECARS using synchrotron X-ray microtomography, radiography and diffraction. United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577519006854.
Wenz, Michelle D., Jacobsen, Steven D., Zhang, Dongzhou, Regier, Margo, Bausch, Hannah J., Dera, Przemyslaw K., Rivers, Mark, Eng, Peter, Shirey, Steven B., and Pearson, D. Graham. Fri . "Fast identification of mineral inclusions in diamond at GSECARS using synchrotron X-ray microtomography, radiography and diffraction". United States. doi:10.1107/S1600577519006854. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1574022.
@article{osti_1574022,
title = {Fast identification of mineral inclusions in diamond at GSECARS using synchrotron X-ray microtomography, radiography and diffraction},
author = {Wenz, Michelle D. and Jacobsen, Steven D. and Zhang, Dongzhou and Regier, Margo and Bausch, Hannah J. and Dera, Przemyslaw K. and Rivers, Mark and Eng, Peter and Shirey, Steven B. and Pearson, D. Graham},
abstractNote = {Mineral inclusions in natural diamond are widely studied for the insight that they provide into the geochemistry and dynamics of the Earth's interior. A major challenge in achieving thorough yet high rates of analysis of mineral inclusions in diamond derives from the micrometre-scale of most inclusions, often requiring synchrotron radiation sources for diffraction. Centering microinclusions for diffraction with a highly focused synchrotron beam cannot be achieved optically because of the very high index of refraction of diamond. A fast, high-throughput method for identification of micromineral inclusions in diamond has been developed at the GeoSoilEnviro Center for Advanced Radiation Sources (GSECARS), Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, USA. Diamonds and their inclusions are imaged using synchrotron 3D computed X-ray microtomography on beamline 13-BM-D of GSECARS. The location of every inclusion is then pinpointed onto the coordinate system of the six-circle goniometer of the single-crystal diffractometer on beamline 13-BM-C. Because the bending magnet branch 13-BM is divided and delivered into 13-BM-C and 13-BM-D stations simultaneously, numerous diamonds can be examined during coordinated runs. The fast, high-throughput capability of the methodology is demonstrated by collecting 3D diffraction data on 53 diamond inclusions from Juína, Brazil, within a total of about 72 h of beam time.},
doi = {10.1107/S1600577519006854},
journal = {Journal of Synchrotron Radiation (Online)},
number = 5,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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