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Title: Specific energy cost for nitrogen fixation as NOx using DC glow discharge in air

Abstract

We report on factors influencing the specific energy costs of producing NOx from pin-to-pin DC glow discharges in air at atmospheric pressure. Discharge current, gap distance, gas flowrate, exterior tube wall temperature and the presence and position of activated Al2O3 catalyst powder were examined. The presence of heated catalyst adjacent to the plasma zone improved energy efficiency by as much as 20% at low flows, but the most energy efficient conditions were found at the highest flowrates that allowed a stable discharge (about 10–15 l min-1). Under these conditions, the catalyst had no effect on efficiency in the present study. The lowest specific energy cost was observed to be between about 200–250 GJ/tN. The transport of active chemical species and energy are likely key factors controlling the specific energy costs of NOx production in the presence of a catalyst. Air plasma device design and operating conditions must ensure that plasma-generated active intermediate chemical species transport is optimally coupled with catalytically active surfaces.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1573854
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1801513
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001934
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 53; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3727
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Pei, Xuekai, Gidon, Dogan, and Graves, David B. Specific energy cost for nitrogen fixation as NOx using DC glow discharge in air. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-6463/ab5095.
Pei, Xuekai, Gidon, Dogan, & Graves, David B. Specific energy cost for nitrogen fixation as NOx using DC glow discharge in air. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab5095
Pei, Xuekai, Gidon, Dogan, and Graves, David B. Mon . "Specific energy cost for nitrogen fixation as NOx using DC glow discharge in air". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab5095.
@article{osti_1573854,
title = {Specific energy cost for nitrogen fixation as NOx using DC glow discharge in air},
author = {Pei, Xuekai and Gidon, Dogan and Graves, David B.},
abstractNote = {We report on factors influencing the specific energy costs of producing NOx from pin-to-pin DC glow discharges in air at atmospheric pressure. Discharge current, gap distance, gas flowrate, exterior tube wall temperature and the presence and position of activated Al2O3 catalyst powder were examined. The presence of heated catalyst adjacent to the plasma zone improved energy efficiency by as much as 20% at low flows, but the most energy efficient conditions were found at the highest flowrates that allowed a stable discharge (about 10–15 l min-1). Under these conditions, the catalyst had no effect on efficiency in the present study. The lowest specific energy cost was observed to be between about 200–250 GJ/tN. The transport of active chemical species and energy are likely key factors controlling the specific energy costs of NOx production in the presence of a catalyst. Air plasma device design and operating conditions must ensure that plasma-generated active intermediate chemical species transport is optimally coupled with catalytically active surfaces.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6463/ab5095},
journal = {Journal of Physics. D, Applied Physics},
number = 4,
volume = 53,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab5095

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Cited by: 37 works
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