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Title: Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of the optical amplitude and phase

Abstract

Metasurfaces are optically thin metamaterials that promise complete control of the wavefront of light but are primarily used to control only the phase of light. Here, we present an approach, simple in concept and in practice, that uses meta-atoms with a varying degree of form birefringence and rotation angles to create high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces that control both the optical amplitude and phase at one or two frequencies. This opens up applications in computer-generated holography, allowing faithful reproduction of both the phase and amplitude of a target holographic scene without the iterative algorithms required in phase-only holography. We demonstrate all-dielectric metasurface holograms with independent and complete control of the amplitude and phase at up to two optical frequencies simultaneously to generate two- and three-dimensional holographic objects. We show that phase-amplitude metasurfaces enable a few features not attainable in phase-only holography; these include creating artifact-free two-dimensional holographic images, encoding phase and amplitude profiles separately at the object plane, encoding intensity profiles at the metasurface and object planes separately, and controlling the surface textures of three-dimensional holographic objects.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1573472
Report Number(s):
BNL-212285-2019-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2047-7538
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Light, Science & Applications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2047-7538
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Overvig, Adam C., Shrestha, Sajan, Malek, Stephanie C., Lu, Ming, Stein, Aaron, Zheng, Changxi, and Yu, Nanfang. Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of the optical amplitude and phase. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41377-019-0201-7.
Overvig, Adam C., Shrestha, Sajan, Malek, Stephanie C., Lu, Ming, Stein, Aaron, Zheng, Changxi, & Yu, Nanfang. Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of the optical amplitude and phase. United States. doi:10.1038/s41377-019-0201-7.
Overvig, Adam C., Shrestha, Sajan, Malek, Stephanie C., Lu, Ming, Stein, Aaron, Zheng, Changxi, and Yu, Nanfang. Wed . "Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of the optical amplitude and phase". United States. doi:10.1038/s41377-019-0201-7. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1573472.
@article{osti_1573472,
title = {Dielectric metasurfaces for complete and independent control of the optical amplitude and phase},
author = {Overvig, Adam C. and Shrestha, Sajan and Malek, Stephanie C. and Lu, Ming and Stein, Aaron and Zheng, Changxi and Yu, Nanfang},
abstractNote = {Metasurfaces are optically thin metamaterials that promise complete control of the wavefront of light but are primarily used to control only the phase of light. Here, we present an approach, simple in concept and in practice, that uses meta-atoms with a varying degree of form birefringence and rotation angles to create high-efficiency dielectric metasurfaces that control both the optical amplitude and phase at one or two frequencies. This opens up applications in computer-generated holography, allowing faithful reproduction of both the phase and amplitude of a target holographic scene without the iterative algorithms required in phase-only holography. We demonstrate all-dielectric metasurface holograms with independent and complete control of the amplitude and phase at up to two optical frequencies simultaneously to generate two- and three-dimensional holographic objects. We show that phase-amplitude metasurfaces enable a few features not attainable in phase-only holography; these include creating artifact-free two-dimensional holographic images, encoding phase and amplitude profiles separately at the object plane, encoding intensity profiles at the metasurface and object planes separately, and controlling the surface textures of three-dimensional holographic objects.},
doi = {10.1038/s41377-019-0201-7},
journal = {Light, Science & Applications},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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