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Title: The Zwicky Transient Facility: Science Objectives

Abstract

The Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF), a public–private enterprise, is a new time-domain survey employing a dedicated camera on the Palomar 48-inch Schmidt telescope with a 47 deg 2 field of view and an 8 second readout time. It is well positioned in the development of time-domain astronomy, offering operations at 10% of the scale and style of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) with a single 1-m class survey telescope. The public surveys will cover the observable northern sky every three nights in g and r filters and the visible Galactic plane every night in g and r. Alerts generated by these surveys are sent in real time to brokers. A consortium of universities that provided funding (“partnership”) are undertaking several boutique surveys. The combination of these surveys producing one million alerts per night allows for exploration of transient and variable astrophysical phenomena brighter than r ~ 20.5 on timescales of minutes to years. We describe the primary science objectives driving ZTF, including the physics of supernovae and relativistic explosions, multi-messenger astrophysics, supernova cosmology, active galactic nuclei, and tidal disruption events, stellar variability, and solar system objects.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Contributing Org.:
Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF) Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1573341
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1567168
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-30653
Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6280; ark:/13030/qt61p1v1tv
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; 89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 131; Journal Issue: 1001; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6280
Publisher:
Astronomical Society of the Pacific (ASP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Graham, Matthew J., Kulkarni, S. R., Bellm, Eric C., Adams, Scott M., Barbarino, Cristina, Blagorodnova, Nadejda, Bodewits, Dennis, Bolin, Bryce, Brady, Patrick R., Cenko, S. Bradley, Chang, Chan-Kao, Coughlin, Michael W., De, Kishalay, Eadie, Gwendolyn, Farnham, Tony L., Feindt, Ulrich, Franckowiak, Anna, Fremling, Christoffer, Gezari, Suvi, Ghosh, Shaon, Goldstein, Daniel A., Golkhou, V. Zach, Goobar, Ariel, Ho, Anna Y. Q., Huppenkothen, Daniela, Ivezić, Željko, Jones, R. Lynne, Juric, Mario, Kaplan, David L., Kasliwal, Mansi M., Kelley, Michael S. P., Kupfer, Thomas, Lee, Chien-De, Lin, Hsing Wen, Lunnan, Ragnhild, Mahabal, Ashish A., Miller, Adam A., Ngeow, Chow-Choong, Nugent, Peter, Ofek, Eran O., Prince, Thomas A., Rauch, Ludwig, Roestel, Jan van, Schulze, Steve, Singer, Leo P., Sollerman, Jesper, Taddia, Francesco, Yan, Lin, Ye, Quan-Zhi, Yu, Po-Chieh, Barlow, Tom, Bauer, James, Beck, Ron, Belicki, Justin, Biswas, Rahul, Brinnel, Valery, Brooke, Tim, Bue, Brian, Bulla, Mattia, Burruss, Rick, Connolly, Andrew, Cromer, John, Cunningham, Virginia, Dekany, Richard, Delacroix, Alex, Desai, Vandana, Duev, Dmitry A., Feeney, Michael, Flynn, David, Frederick, Sara, Gal-Yam, Avishay, Giomi, Matteo, Groom, Steven, Hacopians, Eugean, Hale, David, Helou, George, Henning, John, Hover, David, Hillenbrand, Lynne A., Howell, Justin, Hung, Tiara, Imel, David, Ip, Wing-Huen, Jackson, Edward, Kaspi, Shai, Kaye, Stephen, Kowalski, Marek, Kramer, Emily, Kuhn, Michael, Landry, Walter, Laher, Russ R., Mao, Peter, Masci, Frank J., Monkewitz, Serge, Murphy, Patrick, Nordin, Jakob, Patterson, Maria T., Penprase, Bryan, Porter, Michael, Rebbapragada, Umaa, Reiley, Dan, Riddle, Reed, Rigault, Mickael, Rodriguez, Hector, Rusholme, Ben, Santen, Jakob van, Shupe, David L., Smith, Roger M., Soumagnac, Maayane T., Stein, Robert, Surace, Jason, Szkody, Paula, Terek, Scott, Sistine, Angela Van, Velzen, Sjoert van, Vestrand, W. Thomas, Walters, Richard, Ward, Charlotte, Zhang, Chaoran, and Zolkower, Jeffry. The Zwicky Transient Facility: Science Objectives. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/ab006c.
Graham, Matthew J., Kulkarni, S. R., Bellm, Eric C., Adams, Scott M., Barbarino, Cristina, Blagorodnova, Nadejda, Bodewits, Dennis, Bolin, Bryce, Brady, Patrick R., Cenko, S. Bradley, Chang, Chan-Kao, Coughlin, Michael W., De, Kishalay, Eadie, Gwendolyn, Farnham, Tony L., Feindt, Ulrich, Franckowiak, Anna, Fremling, Christoffer, Gezari, Suvi, Ghosh, Shaon, Goldstein, Daniel A., Golkhou, V. Zach, Goobar, Ariel, Ho, Anna Y. Q., Huppenkothen, Daniela, Ivezić, Željko, Jones, R. Lynne, Juric, Mario, Kaplan, David L., Kasliwal, Mansi M., Kelley, Michael S. P., Kupfer, Thomas, Lee, Chien-De, Lin, Hsing Wen, Lunnan, Ragnhild, Mahabal, Ashish A., Miller, Adam A., Ngeow, Chow-Choong, Nugent, Peter, Ofek, Eran O., Prince, Thomas A., Rauch, Ludwig, Roestel, Jan van, Schulze, Steve, Singer, Leo P., Sollerman, Jesper, Taddia, Francesco, Yan, Lin, Ye, Quan-Zhi, Yu, Po-Chieh, Barlow, Tom, Bauer, James, Beck, Ron, Belicki, Justin, Biswas, Rahul, Brinnel, Valery, Brooke, Tim, Bue, Brian, Bulla, Mattia, Burruss, Rick, Connolly, Andrew, Cromer, John, Cunningham, Virginia, Dekany, Richard, Delacroix, Alex, Desai, Vandana, Duev, Dmitry A., Feeney, Michael, Flynn, David, Frederick, Sara, Gal-Yam, Avishay, Giomi, Matteo, Groom, Steven, Hacopians, Eugean, Hale, David, Helou, George, Henning, John, Hover, David, Hillenbrand, Lynne A., Howell, Justin, Hung, Tiara, Imel, David, Ip, Wing-Huen, Jackson, Edward, Kaspi, Shai, Kaye, Stephen, Kowalski, Marek, Kramer, Emily, Kuhn, Michael, Landry, Walter, Laher, Russ R., Mao, Peter, Masci, Frank J., Monkewitz, Serge, Murphy, Patrick, Nordin, Jakob, Patterson, Maria T., Penprase, Bryan, Porter, Michael, Rebbapragada, Umaa, Reiley, Dan, Riddle, Reed, Rigault, Mickael, Rodriguez, Hector, Rusholme, Ben, Santen, Jakob van, Shupe, David L., Smith, Roger M., Soumagnac, Maayane T., Stein, Robert, Surace, Jason, Szkody, Paula, Terek, Scott, Sistine, Angela Van, Velzen, Sjoert van, Vestrand, W. Thomas, Walters, Richard, Ward, Charlotte, Zhang, Chaoran, & Zolkower, Jeffry. The Zwicky Transient Facility: Science Objectives. United States. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/ab006c.
Graham, Matthew J., Kulkarni, S. R., Bellm, Eric C., Adams, Scott M., Barbarino, Cristina, Blagorodnova, Nadejda, Bodewits, Dennis, Bolin, Bryce, Brady, Patrick R., Cenko, S. Bradley, Chang, Chan-Kao, Coughlin, Michael W., De, Kishalay, Eadie, Gwendolyn, Farnham, Tony L., Feindt, Ulrich, Franckowiak, Anna, Fremling, Christoffer, Gezari, Suvi, Ghosh, Shaon, Goldstein, Daniel A., Golkhou, V. Zach, Goobar, Ariel, Ho, Anna Y. Q., Huppenkothen, Daniela, Ivezić, Željko, Jones, R. Lynne, Juric, Mario, Kaplan, David L., Kasliwal, Mansi M., Kelley, Michael S. P., Kupfer, Thomas, Lee, Chien-De, Lin, Hsing Wen, Lunnan, Ragnhild, Mahabal, Ashish A., Miller, Adam A., Ngeow, Chow-Choong, Nugent, Peter, Ofek, Eran O., Prince, Thomas A., Rauch, Ludwig, Roestel, Jan van, Schulze, Steve, Singer, Leo P., Sollerman, Jesper, Taddia, Francesco, Yan, Lin, Ye, Quan-Zhi, Yu, Po-Chieh, Barlow, Tom, Bauer, James, Beck, Ron, Belicki, Justin, Biswas, Rahul, Brinnel, Valery, Brooke, Tim, Bue, Brian, Bulla, Mattia, Burruss, Rick, Connolly, Andrew, Cromer, John, Cunningham, Virginia, Dekany, Richard, Delacroix, Alex, Desai, Vandana, Duev, Dmitry A., Feeney, Michael, Flynn, David, Frederick, Sara, Gal-Yam, Avishay, Giomi, Matteo, Groom, Steven, Hacopians, Eugean, Hale, David, Helou, George, Henning, John, Hover, David, Hillenbrand, Lynne A., Howell, Justin, Hung, Tiara, Imel, David, Ip, Wing-Huen, Jackson, Edward, Kaspi, Shai, Kaye, Stephen, Kowalski, Marek, Kramer, Emily, Kuhn, Michael, Landry, Walter, Laher, Russ R., Mao, Peter, Masci, Frank J., Monkewitz, Serge, Murphy, Patrick, Nordin, Jakob, Patterson, Maria T., Penprase, Bryan, Porter, Michael, Rebbapragada, Umaa, Reiley, Dan, Riddle, Reed, Rigault, Mickael, Rodriguez, Hector, Rusholme, Ben, Santen, Jakob van, Shupe, David L., Smith, Roger M., Soumagnac, Maayane T., Stein, Robert, Surace, Jason, Szkody, Paula, Terek, Scott, Sistine, Angela Van, Velzen, Sjoert van, Vestrand, W. Thomas, Walters, Richard, Ward, Charlotte, Zhang, Chaoran, and Zolkower, Jeffry. Wed . "The Zwicky Transient Facility: Science Objectives". United States. doi:10.1088/1538-3873/ab006c. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1573341.
@article{osti_1573341,
title = {The Zwicky Transient Facility: Science Objectives},
author = {Graham, Matthew J. and Kulkarni, S. R. and Bellm, Eric C. and Adams, Scott M. and Barbarino, Cristina and Blagorodnova, Nadejda and Bodewits, Dennis and Bolin, Bryce and Brady, Patrick R. and Cenko, S. Bradley and Chang, Chan-Kao and Coughlin, Michael W. and De, Kishalay and Eadie, Gwendolyn and Farnham, Tony L. and Feindt, Ulrich and Franckowiak, Anna and Fremling, Christoffer and Gezari, Suvi and Ghosh, Shaon and Goldstein, Daniel A. and Golkhou, V. Zach and Goobar, Ariel and Ho, Anna Y. Q. and Huppenkothen, Daniela and Ivezić, Željko and Jones, R. Lynne and Juric, Mario and Kaplan, David L. and Kasliwal, Mansi M. and Kelley, Michael S. P. and Kupfer, Thomas and Lee, Chien-De and Lin, Hsing Wen and Lunnan, Ragnhild and Mahabal, Ashish A. and Miller, Adam A. and Ngeow, Chow-Choong and Nugent, Peter and Ofek, Eran O. and Prince, Thomas A. and Rauch, Ludwig and Roestel, Jan van and Schulze, Steve and Singer, Leo P. and Sollerman, Jesper and Taddia, Francesco and Yan, Lin and Ye, Quan-Zhi and Yu, Po-Chieh and Barlow, Tom and Bauer, James and Beck, Ron and Belicki, Justin and Biswas, Rahul and Brinnel, Valery and Brooke, Tim and Bue, Brian and Bulla, Mattia and Burruss, Rick and Connolly, Andrew and Cromer, John and Cunningham, Virginia and Dekany, Richard and Delacroix, Alex and Desai, Vandana and Duev, Dmitry A. and Feeney, Michael and Flynn, David and Frederick, Sara and Gal-Yam, Avishay and Giomi, Matteo and Groom, Steven and Hacopians, Eugean and Hale, David and Helou, George and Henning, John and Hover, David and Hillenbrand, Lynne A. and Howell, Justin and Hung, Tiara and Imel, David and Ip, Wing-Huen and Jackson, Edward and Kaspi, Shai and Kaye, Stephen and Kowalski, Marek and Kramer, Emily and Kuhn, Michael and Landry, Walter and Laher, Russ R. and Mao, Peter and Masci, Frank J. and Monkewitz, Serge and Murphy, Patrick and Nordin, Jakob and Patterson, Maria T. and Penprase, Bryan and Porter, Michael and Rebbapragada, Umaa and Reiley, Dan and Riddle, Reed and Rigault, Mickael and Rodriguez, Hector and Rusholme, Ben and Santen, Jakob van and Shupe, David L. and Smith, Roger M. and Soumagnac, Maayane T. and Stein, Robert and Surace, Jason and Szkody, Paula and Terek, Scott and Sistine, Angela Van and Velzen, Sjoert van and Vestrand, W. Thomas and Walters, Richard and Ward, Charlotte and Zhang, Chaoran and Zolkower, Jeffry},
abstractNote = {The Zwicky Transient Facility (ZTF), a public–private enterprise, is a new time-domain survey employing a dedicated camera on the Palomar 48-inch Schmidt telescope with a 47 deg2 field of view and an 8 second readout time. It is well positioned in the development of time-domain astronomy, offering operations at 10% of the scale and style of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) with a single 1-m class survey telescope. The public surveys will cover the observable northern sky every three nights in g and r filters and the visible Galactic plane every night in g and r. Alerts generated by these surveys are sent in real time to brokers. A consortium of universities that provided funding (“partnership”) are undertaking several boutique surveys. The combination of these surveys producing one million alerts per night allows for exploration of transient and variable astrophysical phenomena brighter than r ~ 20.5 on timescales of minutes to years. We describe the primary science objectives driving ZTF, including the physics of supernovae and relativistic explosions, multi-messenger astrophysics, supernova cosmology, active galactic nuclei, and tidal disruption events, stellar variability, and solar system objects.},
doi = {10.1088/1538-3873/ab006c},
journal = {Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific},
number = 1001,
volume = 131,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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