DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ultrafast optical currents in gapped graphene

Abstract

We theoretically study the interaction of ultrashort optical pulses with gapped graphene. Such a strong pulse results in a finite conduction band population and a corresponding electric current, both during and after the pulse. Since gapped graphene has broken inversion symmetry, it has an axial symmetry about the y-axis but not about the x-axis. We show that, in this case, if the linear pulse is polarized along the x-axis, the rectified electric current is generated in the y direction. At the same time, the conduction band population distribution in the reciprocal space is symmetric about the x-axis. Thus, the rectified current in gapped graphene has an inter-band origin, while the intra-band contribution to the rectified current is zero.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Georgia State Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States). Center for Nano-Optics (CeNO). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Georgia State Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1573114
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1800012
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-01ER15213; SC0007043
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 32; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0953-8984
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Oliaei Motlagh, S. Azar, Nematollahi, Fatemeh, Mitra, Aranyo, Zafar, Ahmal Jawad, Apalkov, Vadym, and Stockman, Mark I. Ultrafast optical currents in gapped graphene. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1088/1361-648x/ab4fc7.
Oliaei Motlagh, S. Azar, Nematollahi, Fatemeh, Mitra, Aranyo, Zafar, Ahmal Jawad, Apalkov, Vadym, & Stockman, Mark I. Ultrafast optical currents in gapped graphene. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/ab4fc7
Oliaei Motlagh, S. Azar, Nematollahi, Fatemeh, Mitra, Aranyo, Zafar, Ahmal Jawad, Apalkov, Vadym, and Stockman, Mark I. Mon . "Ultrafast optical currents in gapped graphene". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/ab4fc7.
@article{osti_1573114,
title = {Ultrafast optical currents in gapped graphene},
author = {Oliaei Motlagh, S. Azar and Nematollahi, Fatemeh and Mitra, Aranyo and Zafar, Ahmal Jawad and Apalkov, Vadym and Stockman, Mark I.},
abstractNote = {We theoretically study the interaction of ultrashort optical pulses with gapped graphene. Such a strong pulse results in a finite conduction band population and a corresponding electric current, both during and after the pulse. Since gapped graphene has broken inversion symmetry, it has an axial symmetry about the y-axis but not about the x-axis. We show that, in this case, if the linear pulse is polarized along the x-axis, the rectified electric current is generated in the y direction. At the same time, the conduction band population distribution in the reciprocal space is symmetric about the x-axis. Thus, the rectified current in gapped graphene has an inter-band origin, while the intra-band contribution to the rectified current is zero.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-648x/ab4fc7},
journal = {Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter},
number = 6,
volume = 32,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/ab4fc7

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 11 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Ultrafast nonequilibrium carrier dynamics in a single graphene layer
journal, April 2011


Topological resonance and single-optical-cycle valley polarization in gapped graphene
text, January 2019


Ultrafast hot-carrier-dominated photocurrent in graphene
journal, January 2012

  • Sun, Dong; Aivazian, Grant; Jones, Aaron M.
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2011.243

Graphene synthesis and band gap opening
preprint, January 2011


Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities in Two-Dimensional Materials Beyond Graphene
journal, March 2013

  • Butler, Sheneve Z.; Hollen, Shawna M.; Cao, Linyou
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 7, Issue 4, p. 2898-2926
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn400280c

Appearance of Gauge Structure in Simple Dynamical Systems
journal, June 1984


Semiconducting Graphene from Highly Ordered Substrate Interactions
journal, September 2015


Ultrafast collinear scattering and carrier multiplication in graphene
journal, June 2013

  • Brida, D.; Tomadin, A.; Manzoni, C.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 4, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms2987

Ultrafast nonlinear travel of hot carriers driven by high-field terahertz pulse
journal, June 2018

  • Shin, Hee Jun; Nguyen, Van Luan; Lim, Seong Chu
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 51, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6455/aac59a

k · p theory for two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide semiconductors
journal, April 2015


Topological resonance and single-optical-cycle valley polarization in gapped graphene
journal, September 2019


The electronic properties of graphene
journal, January 2009

  • Castro Neto, A. H.; Guinea, F.; Peres, N. M. R.
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 81, Issue 1, p. 109-162
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.81.109

High-harmonic generation from an atomically thin semiconductor
journal, November 2016

  • Liu, Hanzhe; Li, Yilei; You, Yong Sing
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 13, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3946

Ultrafast saturable absorption of MoS_2 nanosheets under different pulse-width excitation conditions
journal, January 2018


Multi-petahertz electron interference in Cr:Al2O3 solid-state material
journal, April 2018


Two-dimensional gas of massless Dirac fermions in graphene
journal, November 2005

  • Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K.; Morozov, S. V.
  • Nature, Vol. 438, Issue 7065, p. 197-200
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04233

Graphene Versus MoS2: a Short Review
text, January 2014


The electronic properties of graphene
text, January 2007


Snapshots of non-equilibrium Dirac carrier distributions in graphene
journal, October 2013

  • Gierz, Isabella; Petersen, Jesse C.; Mitrano, Matteo
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 12, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3757

Emerging Device Applications for Semiconducting Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
text, January 2014


Coherent Electron Trajectory Control in Graphene
journal, November 2018


Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics
conference, January 2013


Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics
journal, December 2012

  • Schiffrin, Agustin; Paasch-Colberg, Tim; Karpowicz, Nicholas
  • Nature, Vol. 493, Issue 7430
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11567

Weyl semimetals in ultrafast laser fields
journal, June 2019

  • Nematollahi, Fatemeh; Oliaei Motlagh, S. Azar; Apalkov, Vadym
  • Physical Review B, Vol. 99, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.99.245409

Snapshots of non-equilibrium Dirac carrier distributions in graphene
text, January 2013


Interaction of carrier envelope phase-stable laser pulses with graphene: the transition from the weak-field to the strong-field regime
journal, April 2019

  • Heide, Christian; Boolakee, Tobias; Higuchi, Takuya
  • New Journal of Physics, Vol. 21, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/ab13ce

Single-particle relaxation time versus transport scattering time in a two-dimensional graphene layer
journal, May 2008


Semiconducting graphene from highly ordered substrate interactions
text, January 2015


Light-field-driven currents in graphene
journal, September 2017

  • Higuchi, Takuya; Heide, Christian; Ullmann, Konrad
  • Nature, Vol. 550, Issue 7675
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature23900

Electrical generation and control of the valley carriers in a monolayer transition metal dichalcogenide
journal, April 2016


Femtosecond valley polarization and topological resonances in transition metal dichalcogenides
journal, August 2018


Ultrafast collinear scattering and carrier multiplication in graphene.
text, January 2013

  • Brida, D.; Tomadin, A.; Manzoni, C.
  • Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
  • DOI: 10.17863/cam.33422

Graphene versus MoS2: A short review
journal, February 2015


Emerging Device Applications for Semiconducting Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
journal, January 2014

  • Jariwala, Deep; Sangwan, Vinod K.; Lauhon, Lincoln J.
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn500064s

Ultrafast electronic response of graphene to a strong and localized electric field
journal, December 2016

  • Gruber, Elisabeth; Wilhelm, Richard A.; Pétuya, Rémi
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13948

Nonequilibrium dynamics of photoexcited electrons in graphene: Collinear scattering, Auger processes, and the impact of screening
journal, July 2013


Acceleration of Electrons in a Crystal Lattice
journal, February 1940


Microscopic processes in dielectrics under irradiation by subpicosecond laser pulses
journal, May 2000


Ultrafast pseudospin dynamics in graphene
journal, October 2015


High-harmonic generation in amorphous solids
journal, September 2017


The rise of graphene
journal, March 2007

  • Geim, A. K.; Novoselov, K. S.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 3, p. 183-191
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1849

The rise of graphene
book, August 2009

  • Rodgers, Peter; Geim, A. K.; Novoselov, K. S.
  • Nanoscience and Technology: A Collection of Reviews from Nature Journals, p. 11-19
  • DOI: 10.1142/9789814287005_0002

Optical response and excitons in gapped graphene
journal, March 2009


Microscopic theory of absorption and ultrafast many-particle kinetics in graphene
journal, November 2011


Ultrafast pseudospin dynamics in graphene
text, January 2015


Graphene Synthesis and Band Gap Opening
journal, August 2011

  • Jariwala, Deep; Srivastava, Anchal; Ajayan, Pulickel M.
  • Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vol. 11, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2011.5001

Nonlinear optical response induced by non-Abelian Berry curvature in time-reversal-invariant insulators
journal, December 2014


Berry phase effects on electronic properties
journal, July 2010


Visualizing Electronic Chirality and Berry Phases in Graphene Systems Using Photoemission with Circularly Polarized Light
journal, October 2011


Coherent electron trajectory control in graphene
text, January 2018


Graphene in ultrafast and superstrong laser fields
journal, January 2015


Interaction of crystalline topological insulator with an ultrashort laser pulse
journal, February 2017

  • Oliaei Motlagh, Seyyedeh Azar; Apalkov, Vadym; Stockman, Mark I.
  • Physical Review B, Vol. 95, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1103/physrevb.95.085438

Graphene superlattices in strong circularly polarized fields: Chirality, Berry phase, and attosecond dynamics
journal, August 2017


Graphene synthesis and band gap opening
preprint, January 2011


Emerging Device Applications for Semiconducting Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
text, January 2014


Semiconducting graphene from highly ordered substrate interactions
text, January 2015