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Title: Unique Access to u -Channel Physics: Exclusive Backward-Angle Omega Meson Electroproduction

Abstract

Backward-angle meson electroproduction above the resonance region, which was previously ignored, is anticipated to offer unique access to the three quark plus sea component of the nucleon wave function. In this Letter, we present the first complete separation of the four electromagnetic structure functions above the resonance region in exclusive ω electroproduction off the proton, ep → e'pω, at central Q 2 values of 1.60, 2.45 GeV 2, at W = 2.21 GeV. Here, the results of our pioneering –u ≈ –u min study demonstrate the existence of a unanticipated backward-angle cross section peak and the feasibility of full L/T/LT/TT separations in this never explored kinematic territory. At Q 2 = 2.45 GeV 2, the observed dominance of σ T over σ L, is qualitatively consistent with the collinear QCD description in the near-backward regime, in which the scattering amplitude factorizes into a hard subprocess amplitude and baryon to meson transition distribution amplitudes: universal nonperturbative objects only accessible through backward-angle kinematics.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC); National Science Foundation (NSF); National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF); National Science Centre (Poland)
Contributing Org.:
Jefferson Lab Fπ Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1572901
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1573494
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-19-3091; DOE/OR/23177-4799; arXiv:1910.00464
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO
Grant/Contract Number:  
FRN: SPAPIN-2016-00031; AC05-06OR23177; AC02-06CH11357; 2017/26/M/ST2/01074
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 18; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Li, W. B., Huber, G. M., Blok, H. P., Gaskell, D., Horn, T., Semenov-Tian-Shansky, K., Pire, B., Szymanowski, L., Laget, J. -M., Aniol, K., Arrington, J., Beise, E. J., Boeglin, W., Brash, E. J., Breuer, H., Chang, C. C., Christy, M. E., Ent, R., Gibson, E. F., Holt, R. J., Jin, S., Jones, M. K., Keppel, C. E., Kim, W., King, P. M., Kovaltchouk, V., Liu, J., Lolos, G. J., Mack, D. J., Margaziotis, D. J., Markowitz, P., Matsumura, A., Meekins, D., Miyoshi, T., Mkrtchyan, H., Niculescu, I., Okayasu, Y., Pentchev, L., Perdrisat, C., Potterveld, D., Punjabi, V., Reimer, P. E., Reinhold, J., Roche, J., Roos, P. G., Sarty, A., Smith, G. R., Tadevosyan, V., Tang, L. G., Tvaskis, V., Volmer, J., Vulcan, W., Warren, G., Wood, S. A., Xu, C., and Zheng, X. Unique Access to u-Channel Physics: Exclusive Backward-Angle Omega Meson Electroproduction. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.182501.
Li, W. B., Huber, G. M., Blok, H. P., Gaskell, D., Horn, T., Semenov-Tian-Shansky, K., Pire, B., Szymanowski, L., Laget, J. -M., Aniol, K., Arrington, J., Beise, E. J., Boeglin, W., Brash, E. J., Breuer, H., Chang, C. C., Christy, M. E., Ent, R., Gibson, E. F., Holt, R. J., Jin, S., Jones, M. K., Keppel, C. E., Kim, W., King, P. M., Kovaltchouk, V., Liu, J., Lolos, G. J., Mack, D. J., Margaziotis, D. J., Markowitz, P., Matsumura, A., Meekins, D., Miyoshi, T., Mkrtchyan, H., Niculescu, I., Okayasu, Y., Pentchev, L., Perdrisat, C., Potterveld, D., Punjabi, V., Reimer, P. E., Reinhold, J., Roche, J., Roos, P. G., Sarty, A., Smith, G. R., Tadevosyan, V., Tang, L. G., Tvaskis, V., Volmer, J., Vulcan, W., Warren, G., Wood, S. A., Xu, C., & Zheng, X. Unique Access to u-Channel Physics: Exclusive Backward-Angle Omega Meson Electroproduction. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.182501.
Li, W. B., Huber, G. M., Blok, H. P., Gaskell, D., Horn, T., Semenov-Tian-Shansky, K., Pire, B., Szymanowski, L., Laget, J. -M., Aniol, K., Arrington, J., Beise, E. J., Boeglin, W., Brash, E. J., Breuer, H., Chang, C. C., Christy, M. E., Ent, R., Gibson, E. F., Holt, R. J., Jin, S., Jones, M. K., Keppel, C. E., Kim, W., King, P. M., Kovaltchouk, V., Liu, J., Lolos, G. J., Mack, D. J., Margaziotis, D. J., Markowitz, P., Matsumura, A., Meekins, D., Miyoshi, T., Mkrtchyan, H., Niculescu, I., Okayasu, Y., Pentchev, L., Perdrisat, C., Potterveld, D., Punjabi, V., Reimer, P. E., Reinhold, J., Roche, J., Roos, P. G., Sarty, A., Smith, G. R., Tadevosyan, V., Tang, L. G., Tvaskis, V., Volmer, J., Vulcan, W., Warren, G., Wood, S. A., Xu, C., and Zheng, X. Thu . "Unique Access to u-Channel Physics: Exclusive Backward-Angle Omega Meson Electroproduction". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.182501.
@article{osti_1572901,
title = {Unique Access to u-Channel Physics: Exclusive Backward-Angle Omega Meson Electroproduction},
author = {Li, W. B. and Huber, G. M. and Blok, H. P. and Gaskell, D. and Horn, T. and Semenov-Tian-Shansky, K. and Pire, B. and Szymanowski, L. and Laget, J. -M. and Aniol, K. and Arrington, J. and Beise, E. J. and Boeglin, W. and Brash, E. J. and Breuer, H. and Chang, C. C. and Christy, M. E. and Ent, R. and Gibson, E. F. and Holt, R. J. and Jin, S. and Jones, M. K. and Keppel, C. E. and Kim, W. and King, P. M. and Kovaltchouk, V. and Liu, J. and Lolos, G. J. and Mack, D. J. and Margaziotis, D. J. and Markowitz, P. and Matsumura, A. and Meekins, D. and Miyoshi, T. and Mkrtchyan, H. and Niculescu, I. and Okayasu, Y. and Pentchev, L. and Perdrisat, C. and Potterveld, D. and Punjabi, V. and Reimer, P. E. and Reinhold, J. and Roche, J. and Roos, P. G. and Sarty, A. and Smith, G. R. and Tadevosyan, V. and Tang, L. G. and Tvaskis, V. and Volmer, J. and Vulcan, W. and Warren, G. and Wood, S. A. and Xu, C. and Zheng, X.},
abstractNote = {Backward-angle meson electroproduction above the resonance region, which was previously ignored, is anticipated to offer unique access to the three quark plus sea component of the nucleon wave function. In this Letter, we present the first complete separation of the four electromagnetic structure functions above the resonance region in exclusive ω electroproduction off the proton, ep → e'pω, at central Q2 values of 1.60, 2.45 GeV2, at W = 2.21 GeV. Here, the results of our pioneering –u ≈ –umin study demonstrate the existence of a unanticipated backward-angle cross section peak and the feasibility of full L/T/LT/TT separations in this never explored kinematic territory. At Q2 = 2.45 GeV2, the observed dominance of σT over σL, is qualitatively consistent with the collinear QCD description in the near-backward regime, in which the scattering amplitude factorizes into a hard subprocess amplitude and baryon to meson transition distribution amplitudes: universal nonperturbative objects only accessible through backward-angle kinematics.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.182501},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 18,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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