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Title: Population co-divergence in common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) and its dicyemid parasite in the Mediterranean Sea

Abstract

Population structure and biogeography of marine organisms are formed by different drivers than in terrestrial organisms. Yet, very little information is available even for common marine organisms and even less for their associated parasites. Here we report the first analysis of population structure of both a cephalopod host ( Sepia officinalis) and its dicyemid parasite, based on a homologous molecular marker (cytochrome oxidase I). We show that the population of common cuttlefish in the Mediterranean area is fragmented into subpopulations, with some areas featuring restricted level of gene flow. Amongst the studied areas, Sardinia was genetically the most diverse and Cyprus the most isolated. At a larger scale, across the Mediterranean, the population structure of the parasite shows co-diversification pattern with its host, but a slower rate of diversification. Differences between the two counterparts are more obvious at a finer scale, where parasite populations show increased level of fragmentation and lower local diversities. This discrepancy can be caused by local extinctions and replacements taking place more frequently in the dicyemid populations, due to their parasitic lifestyle.

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ;  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Univ. of South Bohemia (Czech Republic)
  2. Univ. of South Bohemia (Czech Republic); Masaryk Univ., Brno (Czech Republic)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1572853
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Drábková, Marie, Jachníková, Nikola, Tyml, Tomáš, Sehadová, Hana, Ditrich, Oleg, Myšková, Eva, Hypša, Václav, and Štefka, Jan. Population co-divergence in common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) and its dicyemid parasite in the Mediterranean Sea. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-50555-9.
Drábková, Marie, Jachníková, Nikola, Tyml, Tomáš, Sehadová, Hana, Ditrich, Oleg, Myšková, Eva, Hypša, Václav, & Štefka, Jan. Population co-divergence in common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) and its dicyemid parasite in the Mediterranean Sea. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-50555-9.
Drábková, Marie, Jachníková, Nikola, Tyml, Tomáš, Sehadová, Hana, Ditrich, Oleg, Myšková, Eva, Hypša, Václav, and Štefka, Jan. Fri . "Population co-divergence in common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) and its dicyemid parasite in the Mediterranean Sea". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-50555-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1572853.
@article{osti_1572853,
title = {Population co-divergence in common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) and its dicyemid parasite in the Mediterranean Sea},
author = {Drábková, Marie and Jachníková, Nikola and Tyml, Tomáš and Sehadová, Hana and Ditrich, Oleg and Myšková, Eva and Hypša, Václav and Štefka, Jan},
abstractNote = {Population structure and biogeography of marine organisms are formed by different drivers than in terrestrial organisms. Yet, very little information is available even for common marine organisms and even less for their associated parasites. Here we report the first analysis of population structure of both a cephalopod host (Sepia officinalis) and its dicyemid parasite, based on a homologous molecular marker (cytochrome oxidase I). We show that the population of common cuttlefish in the Mediterranean area is fragmented into subpopulations, with some areas featuring restricted level of gene flow. Amongst the studied areas, Sardinia was genetically the most diverse and Cyprus the most isolated. At a larger scale, across the Mediterranean, the population structure of the parasite shows co-diversification pattern with its host, but a slower rate of diversification. Differences between the two counterparts are more obvious at a finer scale, where parasite populations show increased level of fragmentation and lower local diversities. This discrepancy can be caused by local extinctions and replacements taking place more frequently in the dicyemid populations, due to their parasitic lifestyle.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-019-50555-9},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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