skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on June 6, 2020

Title: Analysis of the Pressure-Pulse Propagation in Rock: a New Approach to Simultaneously Determine Permeability, Porosity, and Adsorption Capacity

Abstract

Permeability estimation from pressure-pulse decay method is complicated by two facts: (1) the decay curve often deviates from the single-exponential behavior in the early time period and (2) possible existence of gas adsorption. Both the two factors cause significant permeability error in most of pressure-pulse decay methods. In this paper, we first present a thorough analysis of pressure-pulse propagation process to reveal the mechanism behind the early time and later time behaviors of pressure decay curve. Inspired by the findings from these analyses, a new scaled pressure is proposed which can: (1) be easily used to distinguish the early time and later time data and (2) make the decay curves of all cases into a single 1:1 straight line for later time. A new data-proceeding method, which calculates the apparent porosity and permeability using the same set of measured data, is then developed. The new method could not only remove the effects of the adsorption on the permeability estimation, but also identify the apparent porosity as well as proper adsorption model and parameters. The proposed method is verified by comparing with true values and calculated values through numerical simulations that cover variations in typical rock properties (porosity, permeability, slippage, andmore » adsorption) and the experiment configurations. It is found that the new method is accurate and reliable for all test cases, whereas the Brace’s and Cui’s approaches may cause permeability error in some cases. Lastly, the new method has been successfully applied to real data measured in pressure-pulse decay experiments involving different types of rocks and gases.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [3]
  1. Guizhou Univ., Guiyang (China). College of Civil Engineering
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Earth and Environmental Sciences Area
  3. Chongqing Univ., Chongqing (China). School of Civil Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1572792
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0723-2632
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Rock permeability; Pulse decay test; Adsorption; Numerical simulation

Citation Formats

Wang, Chaolin, Pan, Lehua, Zhao, Yu, Zhang, Yongfa, and Shen, Weike. Analysis of the Pressure-Pulse Propagation in Rock: a New Approach to Simultaneously Determine Permeability, Porosity, and Adsorption Capacity. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1007/s00603-019-01874-w.
Wang, Chaolin, Pan, Lehua, Zhao, Yu, Zhang, Yongfa, & Shen, Weike. Analysis of the Pressure-Pulse Propagation in Rock: a New Approach to Simultaneously Determine Permeability, Porosity, and Adsorption Capacity. United States. doi:10.1007/s00603-019-01874-w.
Wang, Chaolin, Pan, Lehua, Zhao, Yu, Zhang, Yongfa, and Shen, Weike. Thu . "Analysis of the Pressure-Pulse Propagation in Rock: a New Approach to Simultaneously Determine Permeability, Porosity, and Adsorption Capacity". United States. doi:10.1007/s00603-019-01874-w.
@article{osti_1572792,
title = {Analysis of the Pressure-Pulse Propagation in Rock: a New Approach to Simultaneously Determine Permeability, Porosity, and Adsorption Capacity},
author = {Wang, Chaolin and Pan, Lehua and Zhao, Yu and Zhang, Yongfa and Shen, Weike},
abstractNote = {Permeability estimation from pressure-pulse decay method is complicated by two facts: (1) the decay curve often deviates from the single-exponential behavior in the early time period and (2) possible existence of gas adsorption. Both the two factors cause significant permeability error in most of pressure-pulse decay methods. In this paper, we first present a thorough analysis of pressure-pulse propagation process to reveal the mechanism behind the early time and later time behaviors of pressure decay curve. Inspired by the findings from these analyses, a new scaled pressure is proposed which can: (1) be easily used to distinguish the early time and later time data and (2) make the decay curves of all cases into a single 1:1 straight line for later time. A new data-proceeding method, which calculates the apparent porosity and permeability using the same set of measured data, is then developed. The new method could not only remove the effects of the adsorption on the permeability estimation, but also identify the apparent porosity as well as proper adsorption model and parameters. The proposed method is verified by comparing with true values and calculated values through numerical simulations that cover variations in typical rock properties (porosity, permeability, slippage, and adsorption) and the experiment configurations. It is found that the new method is accurate and reliable for all test cases, whereas the Brace’s and Cui’s approaches may cause permeability error in some cases. Lastly, the new method has been successfully applied to real data measured in pressure-pulse decay experiments involving different types of rocks and gases.},
doi = {10.1007/s00603-019-01874-w},
journal = {Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering},
number = 11,
volume = 52,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on June 6, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Semilog Analysis of the Pulse-Decay Technique of Permeability Measurement
journal, December 1984

  • Chen, Techien; Stagg, P. W.
  • Society of Petroleum Engineers Journal, Vol. 24, Issue 06
  • DOI: 10.2118/11818-PA

Modeling the Aliso Canyon underground gas storage well blowout and kill operations using the coupled well-reservoir simulator T2Well
journal, February 2018

  • Pan, Lehua; Oldenburg, Curtis M.; Freifeld, Barry M.
  • Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, Vol. 161
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.petrol.2017.11.066

Impacts of the Porosity-Permeability Transform Throughout the Reservoir Modeling Workflow
conference, April 2013

  • Roadifer, R. D.; Scheihing, M. H.
  • SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition
  • DOI: 10.2118/146574-MS

How sorption-induced matrix deformation affects gas flow in coal seams: A new FE model
journal, December 2008

  • Zhang, Hongbin; Liu, Jishan; Elsworth, D.
  • International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 45, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrmms.2007.11.007

Characterization of Core Scale Heterogeneities Using Laboratory Pressure Transients
journal, September 1992

  • Kamath, J.; Boyer, R. E.; Nakagawa, F. M.
  • SPE Formation Evaluation, Vol. 7, Issue 03
  • DOI: 10.2118/20575-PA

Measuring permeabilities of Middle-Bakken samples using three different methods
journal, April 2016


Measuring low permeabilities of gas-sands and shales using a pressure transmission technique
journal, October 2011

  • Metwally, Yasser M.; Sondergeld, Carl H.
  • International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 48, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrmms.2011.08.004

Laboratory measurement of low permeability unconventional gas reservoir rocks: A review of experimental methods
journal, January 2017

  • Sander, Regina; Pan, Zhejun; Connell, Luke D.
  • Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, Vol. 37
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jngse.2016.11.041

Analysis of high pressure adsorption of gases on activated carbon by potential theory
journal, January 1988


A modified pressure-pulse decay method for determining permeabilities of tight reservoir cores
journal, November 2015


Simulation of hydromechanical behaviour of bentonite seals for containment of radioactive wastes
journal, August 2017

  • Nasir, O.; Nguyen, T. S.; Barnichon, J. D.
  • Canadian Geotechnical Journal, Vol. 54, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1139/cgj-2016-0102

A Practical Approach for Determining Permeability From Laboratory Pressure-Pulse Decay Measurements
conference, April 2013

  • Dicker, A. I.; Smits, R. M.
  • International Meeting on Petroleum Engineering
  • DOI: 10.2118/17578-MS

A Technique for Faster Pulse-Decay Permeability Measurements in Tight Rocks
journal, March 1997

  • Jones, S. C.
  • SPE Formation Evaluation, Vol. 12, Issue 01
  • DOI: 10.2118/28450-PA

Transient pulse test and morphological analysis of single rock fractures
journal, January 2017

  • Zhao, Yanlin; Zhang, Lianyang; Wang, Weijun
  • International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 91
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrmms.2016.11.016

A transient laboratory method for determining the hydraulic properties of ‘tight’ rocks—I. Theory
journal, June 1981

  • Hsieh, P. A.; Tracy, J. V.; Neuzil, C. E.
  • International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences & Geomechanics Abstracts, Vol. 18, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/0148-9062(81)90979-7

Methane/CO 2 Sorption Modeling for Coalbed Methane Production and CO 2 Sequestration
journal, July 2006

  • Harpalani, Satya; Prusty, Basanta K.; Dutta, Pratik
  • Energy & Fuels, Vol. 20, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/ef050434l

Advancing CO2 enhanced oil recovery and storage in unconventional oil play—Experimental studies on Bakken shales
journal, December 2017


Evaluation of Various Pulse-Decay Laboratory Permeability Measurement Techniques for Highly Stressed Coals
journal, October 2016

  • Feng, Ruimin; Harpalani, Satya; Pandey, Rohit
  • Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, Vol. 50, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s00603-016-1109-7

Laboratory investigations of gas flow behaviors in tight anthracite and evaluation of different pulse-decay methods on permeability estimation
journal, September 2015


Alternative Approaches for Transient-Flow Laboratory-Scale Permeametry
journal, July 2016


Permeability of granite under high pressure
journal, March 1968

  • Brace, W. F.; Walsh, J. B.; Frangos, W. T.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 73, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1029/JB073i006p02225

Salt as a Host Rock for the Geological Repository for Nuclear Waste
journal, July 2016


Evaluation of CO2 injection in shale gas reservoirs with multi-component transport and geomechanical effects
journal, March 2017


Coupled thermal–hydrological–mechanical modeling of CO2-enhanced coalbed methane recovery
journal, June 2017

  • Ma, Tianran; Rutqvist, Jonny; Oldenburg, Curtis M.
  • International Journal of Coal Geology, Vol. 179
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.coal.2017.05.013